Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Classical Naṣṣ Doctrines in Imāmī Shīʿism: On the Usage of an Expository Term

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Shii Studies Review

This article reexamines the use of the term naṣs, which since Marshall Hodgson has been used in modern historiography to refer to an indigenous Shīʿī mechanism of succession to the imamate. An alternative thesis is proposed here which situates the origins of the term in Shīʿī usage over the 8th to 11th centuries within the scholarly discourses of kalām and uṣūl al-fiqh. From the perspective of theological hermeneutics, classical Imāmī naṣṣ doctrines valorized revelatory specification (naṣṣ) of authority to the exclusion of opinion and interpretive effort (ijtihād). As is shown here, the elaboration of these doctrines was historically predicated on an attempt to explain the Shīʿī imamate as a solution to the problem of epistemological uncertainty in Islamic scholarship. This is illustrated with reference to Sunnī, Muʿtazilite, Zaydī, Imāmī, and Ismāʿīlī literature, documenting the earliest usage of the term naṣṣ within a broader intellectual milieu than has hitherto been the case.

Affiliations: 1: The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill radem7@gmail.com

10.1163/24682470-12340002
/content/journals/10.1163/24682470-12340002
dcterms_title,pub_keyword,dcterms_description,pub_author
10
5
Loading
Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/24682470-12340002
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. ʿAbd al-Jabbār al-Qāḍī al-Mughnī fī abwāb al-tawḥīd wa-l-ʿadl 1960- Cairo al-Muʾassasa al-Miṣriyya prepared under various editors
2. ʿAbd al-Jabbār al-Qāḍī ʿUthmān ʿAbd al-Karīm Tathbīt dalāʾil al-nubuwwa 1966 Beirut Dār al-ʿArabiyya 2 vols
3. Amir-Moezzi Mohammad Ali Streight David The Divine Guide in Early Shiʿism 1994 Albany SUNY Press
4. Ansari Hassan al-Mutabaqqī min kutub mafqūda 1349/2016 Isfahan Daftar-i Tablīghāt-i Islāmī-yi Ḥawza-yi ʿIlmī-yi Qum
5. Arjomand Said Amir"“The Consolation of Theology: Absence of the Imam and Transition from Chiliasm to Law in Shiʿism”" The Journal of Religion 1996Vol 76 548 571 [Crossref]
6. al-Ashʿarī Abū l-Ḥasan Ritter Hellmut Maqālāt al-Islāmiyyīn 1963 2nd ed. Wiesbaden Steiner
7. Bernand Marie"“Bayān selon les Uṣūliyyun”" Arabica 1995Vol 42 145 160 [Crossref]
8. Bayhom-Daou Tamima"“Hishām B. Al-Ḥakam (d. 179/695) and His Doctrine of the Imām’s Knowledge”" Journal of Semitic Studies 2003Vol 48 71 108 [Crossref]
9. Brunschvig Robert"“Muʿtazilisme et Optimum (al-Aṣlaḥ)”" Studia Islamica 1974Vol 39 5 23 [Crossref]
10. Crone Patricia God’s Rule: Government and Islam 2004 New York Columbia University Press
11. Daftary Farhad The Ismāʿīlīs: Their History and Doctrines 2007 2nd ed. New York Cambridge University Press [Crossref]
12. Dakake Maria Massi The Charismatic Community: Shiʿite Identity in Early Islam 2007 Albany SUNY Press
13. van Ess Josef Frühe Muʿtazilitische Häresiographie: Zwei Werke Des Nāšiʾ Al-Akbar (gest. 294 H.) 1971 Beirut Steiner
14. van Ess Josef Theologie und Gesellschaft im 2. und 3. Jahrhundert Hidschra 1991 Berlin de Gruyter 6 vols
15. Haider Najam Shīʿī Islam: An Introduction 2014 New York Cambridge University Press [Crossref]
16. Hodgson Marshall G. S."“How Did the Early Shîa Become Sectarian”" Journal of the American Oriental Society 1955Vol 75 1 13 [Crossref]
17. al-Farāhīdī al-Khalīl b. Aḥmad al-Hindāwī ʿAbd al-Ḥamīd Kitāb al-ʿAyn murattaban ʿalā ḥurūf al-muʿjam 1424/2003 Beirut Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya 4 vols
18. al-Ghaṭafānī Ḍirār b. ʿAmr Khānṣū Ḥusayn, Kaskīn Muḥammad Kitāb al-Taḥrīsh 1435/2014 Istanbul Dār al-Irshād
19. Ibn Bābūya Abū Jaʿfar Muḥammad b. ʿAlī b. al-Ḥusayn al-Ghaffārī ʿAlī Akbar Kamāl al-dīn wa-tamām al-niʿma 1405/1984 Qumm Muʾassasat al-Nashr al-Islāmī
20. Ibn Bābūya Abū Jaʿfar Muḥammad b. ʿAlī b. al-Ḥusayn al-ʿUlūm Muḥammad Ṣādiq Baḥr ʿIlal al-sharāʾiʿ 1385/1966 Najaf al-Maktaba al-Ḥaydariyya wa-Maṭbaʿatuhā 2 vols
21. Ibn Bābūya Abū Jaʿfar Muḥammad b. ʿAlī b. al-Ḥusayn ʿUyūn akhbār al-Riḍā 1378/2000 Qumm Intishārāt al-Sharīf al-Raḍī 2 vols
22. al-Jāḥiẓ Abū ʿUthmān ʿAmr b. Baḥr Hārūn ʿAbd al-Salām Muḥammad al-ʿUthmāniyya 1411/1991 Beirut Dār al-Jīl
23. al-Jaṣṣāṣ Abū Bakr Aḥmad b. ʿAlī al-Nashamī ʿAjīl Jāsim al-Fuṣūl fī l-uṣūl 1414/1994 2nd ed. Kuwait Wizārat al-Awqāf wa-l-Shuʾūn al-Islāmiyya 4 vols
24. al-Khayyāṭ Abū l-Ḥusayn ʿAbd al-Raḥīm Nyberg H. S. Kitāb al-intiṣār wa-l-radd ʿalā Ibn al-Rāwandī al-mulḥid 1344/1925 Cairo Dār al-Kutub al-Miṣriyya
25. Kohlberg Etan"“Some Shīʿī Views of the Antediluvian World”" Studia Islamica 1980Vol 52 41 66 [Crossref]
26. al-Kulaynī Abū Jaʿfar Muḥammad b. Yaʿqūb al-Ghaffārī ʿAlī Akbar al-Kāfī 1388/1968 Tehran Dār al-Kutub al-Islāmiyya 8 vols
27. Lalani Arzina R. Early Shīʿī Thought: The Teachings of Imam Muḥammad Al-Bāqir 2004 London I.B. Tauris
28. Lowry Joseph E. Early Islamic Legal Theory: The Risāla of Muḥammad Ibn Idrīs al-Shāfiʿī 2007 Leiden Brill [Crossref]
29. Madelung Wilferd"“Bemerkungen zur imamitischen Firaq-Literatur”" Der Islam 1967Vol 43 37 52 [Crossref]
30. Madelung Wilferd Der Imam al-Qāsim ibn Ibrāhīm und die Glaubenslehre der Zaiditen 1965 Berlin de Gruyter [Crossref]
31. Madelung Wilferd"“Frühe muʿtazilitische Häresiographie: Das Kitāb al-Uṣūl des Jaʿfar b. Ḥarb?”" Der Islam 1980Vol 57 220 236 [Crossref]
32. Momen Moojan An Introduction to Shiʿi Islam 1985 New Haven Yale University Press
33. al-Mufīd al-Shaykh al-Anṣārī Ibrāhīm Awāʾil al-maqālāt 1413/1993 Qum al-Muʾtamar al-ʿĀlamī li-alfiyyat al-Shaykh al-Mufīd
34. al-Najāshī Abū l-ʿAbbās Aḥmad b. ʿAlī Rijāl al-Najāshī 1431/2010 Beirut al-Aʿlamī li-l-Maṭbūʿāt
35. al-Nawbakhtī Abū Muḥammad al-Ḥasan b. Mūsā Ritter Hellmut Firaq al-shīʿa 1931 Istanbul Maṭbaʿat al-Dawla
36. Newman Andrew J. The Formative Period of Twelver Shīʿism: Ḥadīth as Discourse Between Qum and Baghdad 2000 Oxon Routledge
37. al-Nuʿmān al-Qāḍī Fyzee Asaf Ali Asghar Daʿāʾim al-Islām 1963 Cairo Dār al-Maʿārif 2 vols
38. al-Nuʿmān al-Qāḍī Stewart Devin Disagreements of the Jurists 2015 New York NYU Press
39. al-Nuʿmān al-Qāḍī Poonawala Ismāʿīl K. al-Urjūza al-mukhtāra 1970 Montreal Institute of Islamic Studies
40. Sachedina Abdulaziz Abdulhussein Islamic Messianism: The Idea of the Mahdi in Twelver Shiʿism 1981 Albany SUNY Press
41. Sachedina Abdulaziz Abdulhussein The Just Ruler in Shīʿite Islam 1988 New York Oxford University Press
42. Ibn Sallām Abū ʿUbayd al-Qāsim Sharaf Ḥusayn Muḥammad Muḥammad Gharīb al-ḥadīth 1413/1984 Cairo al-Maṭābiʿ al-Amīriyya 6 vols
43. Sayyid Ayman Fuʾād al-Fihrist li-l-Nadīm 2009 London al-Furqān Islamic Heritage Foundation 2 vols
44. al-Shāfiʿī Muḥammad b. Idrīs Shākir Aḥmad Muḥammad al-Risāla 1940 Cairo
45. al-Shāfiʿī Muḥammad b. Idrīs al-Muṭṭalib Rifʿat Fawzī ʿAbd al-Umm 1422/2001 al-Manṣūra Dār al-Wafāʾ 11 vols
46. al-Shāfiʿī Muḥammad b. Idrīs Shākir Aḥmad Muḥammad Jimāʿ Al-ʿilm 1940 Cairo
47. al-Sharīf al-Murtaḍā ʿAlī b. al-Ḥusayn al-Dhakhīra fī ʿilm al-kalām 1433/2012 Beirut Muʾassasat al-Tārīkh al-ʿArabī
48. al-Sharīf al-Murtaḍā ʿAlī b. al-Ḥusayn al-Khaṭīb ʿAbd al-Zahrāʾ al-Ḥusaynī al-Shāfī fī l-imāma 1407/1986 Tehran Muʾassasat al-Ṣādiq 4 vols
49. Stroumsa Sarah Freethinkers of Medieval Islam: Ibn Al-Rawāndī, Abū Bakr Al-Rāzī and Their Impact on Islamic Thought 1999 Leiden Brill
50. al-Ṭūsī Abū Jaʿfar Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan al-Iṣfahānī Jawād al-Qayyūmī Ikhtiyār maʿrifat al-rijāl 1427/2006 Qumm Muʾassasat al-Nashr al-Islāmī
51. Vishanoff David R. The Formation of Islamic Hermeneutics 2011 New Haven American Oriental Society
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/24682470-12340002
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/24682470-12340002
2017-03-29
2018-09-25

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Shii Studies Review — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation