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Ecologies of Land and Sea and the Rural/Urban Divide in Australia: Sugar vs the Reef? and The Yeomans Project (「オーストラリアにおける土地と海の生態学、地方/都市の分割 :「サトウ対サンゴ?」と「ヨーマン・プロジェクト」」)

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Australia is a markedly urbanised society, even though many of its most compelling cultural images and narratives are anchored to rural environments and the people and animals that inhabit them. In a country that has always been prone to floods, fires and droughts, there is growing awareness that Australia’s natural resources are under stress due to mining, industrial agriculture, urban development and the effects of climate change. When such issues are debated in the political arena, environmental conservation is regularly pitted against economic advancement in a very crude way, inhibiting cooperation. This essay discusses two art projects that engage meaningfully with the rural/urban divide in Australia: The Yeomans Project and Sugar vs the Reef?. Led by artists Lucas Ihlein, Ian Milliss and Kim Williams, these projects engage in practical and creative ways with rural food production and the individuals responsible for it. Specifically, they investigate innovative farming practices that have great potential to address environmental challenges but are rarely acknowledged in contemporary, city-centric culture. I will argue that by mingling different understandings of aesthetics, utility and ecology, these projects propose productive ways for the disparities between urban and rural Australia to be navigated.オーストラリアの文化的イメージの多くが、地方の環境およびそこに住む人々や動物に依拠しているのにも関わらず、この国は著しく都市化された社会である。つねに洪水や火事、干ばつを引き起こしやすいオーストラリアにおいて、石炭採掘や産業的農業、都市開発や気候変動の影響によって自然資源に負荷がかかっているということに、多くの人が気付き始めている。このような問題が政治の領域において議論される際、環境保全はいつも粗野な仕方で経済発展と対置され、両者の協働は禁じられている。本稿は、オーストラリアにおける地方/都市の分割に有意義な仕方で関わっている2つのアート・プロジェクトである、「ヨーマン・プロジェクト」と「サトウ対サンゴ?」について論じる。ルーカス・イーライン、イアン・ミリス、キム・ウィリアムズの3人のアーティストによって組織されるこれらのプロジェクトは、実践的かつ創造的な仕方で、地方の食物生産とそれに対して責任を負う人々に関与している。とりわけ、環境の危機に取り組むための大きな可能性を持ちながらも、現代の都市中心の文化においてはめったに注目されない、発明的な農業実践を彼らは調査している。私は、美学、有用性、生態学についての多様な理解を混ぜ合わせながら、これらのプロジェクトを都市的オーストラリアとと地方的オーストラリアとのあいだの不均衡を扱うための生産的な方法として提示する。This article is in Japanese.

Affiliations: 1: Sydney College of the Arts, The University of SydneyAustralia ; 2: シドニー芸術大学・シドニー大学オーストラリア


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