Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

The Boxue Hongci 博學宏詞 Examinations, Literary Anthologies by Emperors and the Literary Circles during the Kangxi and Qianlong Periods

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Ming Qing Yanjiu

As a result of political demands and imperial cultural cultivation, the Qing Dynasty reigns of Kangxi (1661–1722) and Qianlong (1736–1796) both paid great attention to the traditional Han culture. During these periods, there were two landmark events that embodied the success of their cultural policy. These were the special examinations of boxue hongci (“breadth in learning and vastness in letters”, also called boxue hongru) in 1679 and 1736, and the publishing of numerous literary anthologies by the emperors. However, scholarly discussions have often focused mainly on aspects of political and cultural domination, and have rarely discussed the impact of these two events on literary circles in the early and middle Qing Dynasty. Thus, this paper examines the boxue hongci examination and the literary anthologies by Emperors as literary events and evaluate them from three perspectives. First, with regards to literary purposes, these two events fostered the link between official and elite discourses. Second, with regards to literary styles, these two events together facilitated the emergence at the height of the Qing Dynasty styles known as qingzhen yazheng (“purity, authenticity, elegance and correctness”) and wenrou dunhou (“gentleness and restraint”). Third, with regards to literary layout, the two events changed the proportion of writers’ identity and actively advanced the balance of the north and south literary circles.


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Qing Shengzu ren huangdi shilu 清實錄:聖祖仁皇帝實錄 1985–87 Beijing Zhonghua shuju Historical Materials on the Emperor Shengzu (Kangxi) in the Qing Veritable Records
2. Siku quanshu cunmu congshu 四庫全書存目叢書 1995 Ji’nan Qilu shushe (Collections of Books Listed in the Section of Surviving Titles of Siku Quanshu)
3. Chen Tingjing 陳廷敬 , et al Yuxuan Tangshi 御選唐詩 (Anthology of Imperially Selected Tang Poems) SKQS Edn.
4. Deng Zhicheng 鄧之誠 Qingshi jishi chubian 清詩紀事初編 (The First Edition of Qing Poems Records) 1984 Shanghai Shanghai guji
5. Foucault Michel Gordon Colin Gordon Colin, Marshal Leo, Mepham John, Soper Kate Power/Knowledge: Selected Interviews and Other Writings 1972–1977 1980 New York Pantheon
6. Gu Tinglong 顧廷龍 Xuxiu Siku quanshu 續修四庫全書 (Continuation of the Siku Quanshu) 1997 Shanghai Shanghai guji
7. He Qingshan 何慶善, Yang Yingqin 楊應芹 Shi Yushan ji 施愚山集 (Works of Shi Yushan) 1992 Hefei Huangshan shushe
8. Hellmut Wilhelm"“The Po-Hsüeh Hung-ju Examination of 1679”" Journal of the American Oriental Society 1951 Jan.–Mar.Vol Vol. 71 No. 1 60 66 [Crossref]
9. Jiang Yin 蔣寅 Wang Yuyang yu Kangxi shitan 王漁洋與康熙詩壇 (Wang Yuyang in the Poetic Circles of Kangxi Period) 2001 Beijing Zhongguo shehui kexue
10. Liang Qichao 梁啟超 Zhongguo jin sanbainian xueshushi 中國近三百年學術史 (Chinese Intellectual History of Recent Three Hundred Years) 2013 Shanghai Dongfang chuban zhongxin
11. Pan Wuzheng 潘務正"“Wang Shizhen jinru Hanlinyuan de shishi yiyi 王士禛進入翰林院的詩史意義”" Wenxue Yichan 文學遺產 2008Vol 2 105 114
12. Peng Dingqiu 彭定求 , et al Yuding quan Tangshi 御定全唐詩 (A Complete Edition of Tang Poetry Granted by Emperor) SKQS Edn.
13. Shen Deqian 沈德潛 , et al Lidai shi biecai ji 歷代詩別裁集 (Chronicles Anthology of Poetry) 1998 Hangzhou Zhejiang guji
14. Xu Qianxue 徐乾學 , et al Yuxuan guwen yuanjian 御選古文淵鑒 (Profound Mirror of Ancient-style Prose Selected by Emperor) SKQS Edn.
15. Yang Haiying 楊海英"“Kangxi Boxue hongru kao 康熙博學鴻儒考”" Lishi Dang’an 歷史檔案 1996Vol 1 97 99
16. Yong Rong 永瑢 , et al Siku quanshu zongmu 四庫全書總目 (The General Catalogue of Complete Library in the Four Branches of Literature) 1960 Beijing Zhonghua shuju
17. Zhu Yizun 朱彝尊 Pushuting ji 曝書亭集 (Collected Works from the Pushu Pavilion) 1935 Shanghai Shangwu yinshuguan

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Ming Qing Yanjiu — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation