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La sfida di Anna (Tb 2,11–14)

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In Tb 1,11–14 the words that Hannah says to her husband resemble in many aspects those of Job’s wife (Job 2,9). That of Hannah is the defiance of a lively faith, attentive to people and to the situations of life, more that in complying with the law, in the rites and works of justice. This was the primitive sense of her words; in fact, the author of Tobit constructed her portrait on the original archetype of Job’s wife, that can be seen in Old Greek (OG) and in his addiction in v. 9a–e, by contaminating them. So, here she urges Job to cry out to God his hopelessness for so unfair a trial, and to seek in him a living interlocutor, no longer resigning himself to the events. A reworking of Hannah’s image is totally positive in vv. 11–13: there it’s reinterpreted in the light of the new portrait of Job’s wife, reworked with misogynist accents by Jewish tradition and incorporated in the MT and in the ecclesiastical Greek of the LXX, where her words, rather than an exhortation, they are a curse against Yhwh, responsible for Job’s suffering. In Tobit, however, it is just an ideological reading, that is a reworking of the meaning of Hannah’s words (v. 14), as sometimes the tradition did, assimilating her role to that of Job’s wife in the MT and LXX.

Affiliations: 1: Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore Brescia giancarlo.toloni@unicatt.it

10.1163/24685631-12340025
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2017-11-18

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