Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Christians in Iraq: The Transition from Religious to Secular Identity

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of International Journal of Asian Christianity

In the Middle Eastern societies, Christians traditionally define themselves as religious communities or churches. This is a continuation of the Ottoman millet system, where religion determined the place one had in society and the patriarch was responsible for the insertion of his community into the state. It not only preserves the traditional ecclesiastical divisions based on dogmatic divergences and church politics but also transposes them to the political field.For a few decades, many lay politicians in Syria considered this system as detrimental to Christian interests. They developed the idea of a common ethnic identity for all churches using Syriac. New political circumstances in Iraq made it possible to give a political translation of this idea by the creation of Christian political parties, defending common ethnic minority rights. Despite some positive results, attempts at creating unity failed, not only because a lack of unanimity about certain political choices but also about the idea of ethnic identity itself.

Affiliations: 1: University of Louvain, Belgium, Hermanus.Teule@theo.kuleuven.be

10.1163/25424246-00101002
/content/journals/10.1163/25424246-00101002
dcterms_title,pub_keyword,dcterms_description,pub_author
10
5
Loading
Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/25424246-00101002
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Atto N. Hostages in the Homeland. Orphans in the Diaspora. Identity Discourses Among the Assyrian/Syriac Elites in the European Diaspora , Dissertation (Leiden: Leiden University Press, 2011).
2. Barkey Karen, and George Gavrilis. “"The Ottoman Millet System: Non-Territorial Autonomy and Its Contemporary Legacy".” Ethnopolitics Vol 15 (1) (2016), 2442.
3. Brock Sebastian P., “"The ‘Nestorian’ Church: A Lamentable Misnomer".” In The Church of the East: Life and Thought, Bulletin of the John Rylands Library , eds. J. Coakley, and K. Parry (Manchester: University of Manchester Library) Vol 78 (3) (1996), 2335.
4. Carlson Thomas,. “"Syriac Christology and Christian Community in the Fifteenth-Century Church of the East".” In Syriac in Its Multicultural Context, Eastern Christian Studies 23, eds. H. Teule et al. (Louvain: Peeters, 2017), 26576.
5. Coakley J.F., “"Assyrians".” In The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage , eds. S. Brock et al (Piscataway: Gorgias Press, 2011), 45.
6. Dawn C.E., “"The Origins of Arab Nationalism".” In The Origins of Arab Nationalism , eds. R. Khalidi et al. (New York: Columbia University Press, 1991), 330.
7. Donabed S.G. Iraq and the Assyrian Unimagining: Illuminating Scaled Suffering and a Hierarchy of Genocide from Simele to Anfal , Ph.D. Dissertation (University of Toronto, 2010).
8. Fleyfel A. La théologie contextuelle arabe. Modèlelibanais (Paris: L’Harmattan, 2011).
9. Freidenreich David,. “"Christians in Early and Classical Sunni Law".” In Christian-Muslim Relations: A Bibliographical History. vol. 1 (600–900) , eds. David Thomas, and Barbara Roggema (Leiden: Brill, 2009), 99114.
10. Girling K. The Chaldean Catholic Church: A Study in Modern History, Ecclesiology and Church-State Relations (2003–2013) , Dissertation (University of London: Heythrop College, 2015).
11. Girling K., “"‘To Live within Islam’: The Chaldean Catholic Church in Modern Iraq, 1958–2003".” In Christianity and Religious Plurality, Studies in Church History 51, eds. Ch. Methuen,, A. Spicer,, and J. Wollfe (Martlesham: Boydell and Brewer, 2015), 36684.
12. Hage W. Das orientalische Christentum , Die Religionen der Menschheit 29.2 (Stuttgart: W. Kohlhammer, 2007), pp. 51, 66, 162, 401, 410, 419, 430.
13. Jakob J. Ostsyrische Christen und Kurden im Osmanischen Reich des 19. und frühen 20. Jahrhunderts (Wien-Berlin: Lit-Verlag, 2014), 2551.
14. Janin R. “‘"Le rite syrien et les Eglises syriennes".’” In Echos d’Orient Vol 18 (115) (1919), 32141.
15. Joseph J. The Modern Assyrians of the Middle East. Encounters with Western Christian Missions, Archeologists and Colonial Powers (Leiden: Brill, 2000), 1529.
16. Merten K., “"Gab es im Osmanischen Reich eine nestorianische Millet? Annäherung an eine ungelöste Frage".” In Zur Situation der Christen in der Türkei und Syrien , Exemplarische Einsichten, Göttinger Orientforschungen. I. Reihe Syriaca 43, ed. M. Tamcke (Wiesbaden: Harrasowitz), 5972.
17. Suermann H., “"Christen im Irak: die politischen Ansichten des Patriarchen Louis Raphael I. Sako"” In Christsein in der islamischen Welt , eds. Sidney H. Griffith, and Sven Grebenstein, (Wiesbaden: Harrasowitz, 2015), 595–612; 603–5.
18. Sükrü Hanıoğlu. A Brief History of the Late Ottoman Empire (Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2008).
19. Teule Herman. Les Assyro-chaldéens (Turnhout: Brepols, 2008).
20. Teule Herman. “"Christians in Iraq. An Analysis of Some Recent Political Developments".” Der Islam Vol 88 (1) (2011), 17998.
21. Teule Herman. “"Les chrétiens d’Irak. Quelle place dans la société ?"” In Perspectives et réflexions (Paris: Œuvre de l’Orient, 2013), 518.
22. Teule Herman,. “"Christians in Iraq. An Analysis of Some Recent Developments."” In Christsein in der islamischen Welt. Festschrift für Martin Tamcke zum 60. Geburtstag , eds. Sidney H. Griffith, and Sven Grebenstein (Wiesbaden: Harrasowitz, 2015), 58694.
23. Wilmshurst D. The Martyred Church: A History of the Church of the East (London: East and West Publishing, 2011).
24. Yonan G. Assyrer heute. Kultur, Sprache, Nationalbewegung der aramäisch sprechenden Christen im Nahen Osten (Hamburg, Wien, 1978), 97–109; 129–130.
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/25424246-00101002
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/25424246-00101002
2018-11-01
2018-08-19

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    International Journal of Asian Christianity — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation