Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Rethinking the Study of “Religion” and Media from an Existential Perspective

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Journal of Religion, Media and Digital Culture

The broadening of the concept of religion from a substantive, anthropological definition to a more cultural, functional definition has enabled expansion of the study of media, technology and religion into a much wider field of social phenomena. It has Ben argued that this expansion has been so broad and unbounded that the more appropriate question in this field of study is no longer “What is religion?”, but “What isn’t religion?” This paper contends that the time is ripe to set aside a dualistic lens of religion and secular and look instead at embodie human reality as incorporating not only material, empirical and instrumental characteristics but also tanscendental, metaphysical and non-empirical characteristics that also need to be theorised in secular terms.

Affiliations: 1: RMIT University, Melbourne, AUSTRALIA,


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Andersen M.,, Schjoedt U.,, Nielbo K.L.,, & Sørensen J. (2014). "Mystical Experience in the Lab". Method and Theory in the Study of Religion Vol 26, pp. 217245.
2. Austin J.H. (1998). Zen and the Brain: Toward an Understanding of Meditation and Consciousness . Cambridge, Ma.: The mit Press.
3. Baker L.R. (2008). "A Metaphysics of Ordinary Things and Why We Need It". Philosophy Vol 83(323), pp. 524.
4. Baker J.,, & Smith B. (2015). American Secularism: Cultural Contours of Nonreligious Belief Systems . New York: New York University Press.
5. Bergunder M. (2014). "What is Religion? The Unexplained Subject Matter of Religious Studies". Method and Theory in the Study of Religion Vol 26, pp. 246286.
6. Bornedal O., (Writer and Director) (2014). 1864 [Television series]. In Allen J., and Bose P. (Producers). Copenhagen, Denmark: dr1.
7. Brainard F.S. (1996). "Defining “Mystical Experience”". Journal of the American Academy of Religion lxiv(2), pp. 359393.
8. Comte-Sponville A. (2008). The Book of Atheist Spirituality (N. Huston, Trans.). London: Bantam.
9. d’Aquili E.G. (1982). "Senses of Reality in Science and Religion: A Neuroepistemological Perspective". Zygon: Journal of Religion and Science Vol 17(4), pp. 361384.
10. d’Aquili E.G.,, & Newberg A.B. (1998). "The Neuropsychological Basis of Religions, or Why God Won’t Go Away". Zygon: Journal of Religion and Science Vol 33(2), pp. 187201.
11. de Botton A. (2012). Religion for Atheists: A Non-believers Guide to the Uses of Religion . London: Penguin.
12. Droogers A.,, & van Harskamp A. (Eds.). (2014). Methods for the Study of Religious Change: From Religious Studies to Worldview Studies . Sheffield: Equinox Publishing.
13. Fitzgerald T. (1997). "A Critique of ‘Religion’ as a Cross-cultural Category". Method and Theory in the Study of Religion Vol 9(2), pp. 9293.
14. Fitzgerald T. (2000). The Ideology of Religious Studies . New York: Oxford University Press.
15. Geraci R.M. (2014). Virtually Sacred: Myth and Meaning in World of Warcraft and Second Life . Oxford: Oxford University Press.
16. Hoover S. (1988). Mass Media Religion: The Social Sources of the Electronic Church . Newbury Park: Sage.
17. Hoover S. (2002). How Families Use Media: Reflections on Religion in the Media Age . Paper presented at the fadica, Los Angeles, June 7th.
18. Horsfield P. (1984). Religious Television : The American Experience . New York: Longman.
19. Horsfield P. (1988). "Larger than Life: Religious Functions of Television". Media Information Australia Vol 47(February), pp. 6166.
20. Kirby D. (2013). Fantasy and Belief: Alternative Religions, Popular Narratives and Digital Cultures . Durham: Acumen Publishing.
21. Knott K.,, Poole E.,, & Taira T. (2013). Media Portrayals of Religion and the Secular Sacred: Representation and Change . Farnham: Ashgate.
22. Kuhn T.S. (1962). The Structure of Scientific Revolutions . Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
23. Lagerkvist A. (2016). "Existential Media: Towards a Theorization of Digital Thrownness". New Media and Society Vol 19(1), pp. 96110.
24. Lee L. (2015). Recognizing the Non-religious: Reimagining the Secular . Oxford: Oxford University Press.
25. Lynch G., (2007a). "What is This ‘Religion’ in the Study of Religion and Popular Culture". In Lynch G., ed., Between Sacred and Profane: Researching Religion and Popular Culture . London: I.B.Tauris & Co, pp. 125142.
26. Lynch G., ed. (2007b). Between Sacred and Profane: Researching Religion and Popular Culture . London: I.B. Taurus.
27. Lynch G., (2009). "Object Theory: Toward an Intersubjective, Mediated, and Dynamic Theory of Religion". In Morgan D., ed., Religion and Material Culture: The Matter of Belief . London: Routledge, pp. 4055.
28. Martîn-Barbero J. (1993). Communication, Culture and Hegemony: From the Media to Mediations . London: Sage.
29. McClennon J. (1994). Wondrous Events: Foundations of Religious Belief . Philadelphia: Philadelphia University Press.
30. Meyer B., and Houtman D., (2012). "Introduction: Material Religion – How Things Matter". In Houtman D., & Meyer B., eds., Things: Religion and the Question of Materiality . New York: Fordham, pp. 124.
31. Parker E.,, Barry D.,, & Smythe D. (1955). The Television-radio Audience and Religion . New York: Harper & Row.
32. Reinerman-Jones L.,, Sollins B.,, Gallagher S.,, & Janz B. (2013). "Neurophenomenology: an Integrated Approach to Exploring Awe and Wonder". South African Journal of Philosophy Vol 32(4), pp. 295309.
33. Saler B. (2000). Conceptualizing Religion: Immanent Anthropologists, Transcendent Natives, and Unbounded Categories . New York: Berghahn.
34. Schilbrack K. (2013). "What Isn’t Religion?" The Journal of Religion Vol 93(3), pp. 291318.
35. Shushan G. (2014). "Extraordinary Experiences and Religious Beliefs". Method and Theory in the Study of Religion Vol 26, pp. 384416.
36. Smith A.C.T. (2014). Thinking about Religion: Extending the Cognitive Science of Religion . London: Palgrave Macmillan.
37. Smith A.C.T. (2016). Cognitive Mechanisms of Belief Change . London: Palgrave Macmillan.
38. Smith J.Z., (1998). "Religion, Religions, Religious". In Taylor M.C., ed., Critical Terms for Religious Studies . Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, pp. 269282.
39. Sumiala J. (2013). Media and Ritual: Death, Community and Everyday Life . London: Routledge.
40. Taves A. (2009). Religious Experience Reconsidered . Princeton: Princeton University Press.
41. Toulmin S. (1990). Cosmopolis: The Hidden Agenda of Modernity . New York: The Free Press.
42. Tracy D. (1975). Blessed Rage for Order: The New Pluralism in Theology . Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
43. Wanga D.J.J.,, Raob H.,, Korczykowskib M.,, Wintering N.,, Plutab J.,, Khalsa D.S.,, & Newberg A.B. (2011). "Cerebral Blood Flow Changes Associated with Different Meditation Practices and Perceived Depth of Meditation". Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging Vol 191, pp. 6067.
44. Woodhead L. (2011). "Five Concepts of Religion". International Review of Sociology – Revue Internationale de Sociologie Vol 21(1), pp. 121143.
45. Yaden D.B.,, Iwry J.,, Slack K.J.,, Eiechstaedt J.C.,, Zhao Y.,, Vaillant G.E.,, & Newberg A.B. (2016). "The Overview Effect: Awe and Self-transcendent Experience in Space Flight". Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice Vol 3(1), pp. 111.

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Journal of Religion, Media and Digital Culture — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation