Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Viability of dried cells, and survivability and reproduction under water stress, low light, heat, and UV exposure in Chlorella vulgaris

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Israel Journal of Plant Sciences

Dried Chlorella vulgaris Beyerinck cells were 100% viable when stored in desiccators over fused CaCl2 for 2 days either in light or dark, but the viability decreased to1% after 30 days at 20 C in light. Neither dried nor wet cells remained viable after10 days at 0 C in dark. Tolerance of C. vulgaris cells to dry storage might be dueeither to their unicellular nature or to the chemical composition of cell wall containing sporopollenin. Osmotic regulation did not seem to occur, as the alga was salt-sensitive. Autospores or young vegetative cells were more sensitive than autospore mother cells to both physical and physiological water stress, imposed respectively by growing them on media with a high agar content or in salinized liquid media. The rupture of autospore mother cells and release of autospores did not occur even in100 mM NaCl. The vegetative cells remained viable in darkness at 22 1 C for 45days, but the formation of autospore mother cells required light intensities of more than 10 mmol m–2 s–1. The vegetative cells were sensitive to heat or UV.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Botany, University of Allahabad


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Agrawal, S.C., Singh, V. 1999a Viability of dried vegetative cells and the formation and germination of reproductive structures in Pithophora oedogonia, Cladophora glomerata and Rhizoclonium hieroglyphicum under water stress. Folia Microbiol. 44: 63–70.
2. Kessler, E., Czygan, F., Fott, B., Novakova, M. 1968. Über Halochlorella rubescens Dangeard. Arch. Protistenk. 110: 462–467.
3. Sorokin, C. 1959. Tabular comparative data of the low and high-temperature strains of Chlorella. Nature 184: 613–614.
4. Garcia-Pichel, F., Sherry, N.D., Castenholz, R.W. 1992. Evidence for an ultra-violet sunscreen role of the extracellular pigment scytonemin in the terrestrial cyanobacterium Chlorogloeopsis sp. Photochem. Photobiol. 56: 17–23.
5. Scherer, S., Potts, M. 1989. Novel water stress protein from a desiccation-tolerant cyanobacterium. J. Biol. Chem. 264: 12546–12553.
6. Tomaselli, L., Giovannetti, L. 1993. Survival of diastrophic cyanobacteria in soil. World J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 9: 113–116.
7. Schlichting, H.E. 1964. Meteorological conditions affecting the dispersal of airborne algae and protozoa. Lloydia 27: 64–78.
8. Mampl, Q., Altmann, H., Biebl, R. 1971. Unterschiede und Beeinflussung der Erholungskapazität von Chlorella Zellen in verschiedenen Stadien des Zellzyklus. Radiat. Bot. 11: 201–207.
9. Buzer, J.S., Dohmeier, R.A., Du Toil, D.R. 1985. The survival of algae in dry soils exposed to high temperatures for extended time periods. Phycologia 24: 249–251.
10. Santra, S.G. 1987. Air borne algae of Calcutta metropolis. Phykos 26; 71–74.
11. Garcia-Pichel, F. Castenholz, R.W. 1993. Occurrence of UV-absorbing, mycosporine-like compounds among cyanobacterial isolates and an estimate of their screening capacity. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 59: 163–169.
12. Kochert, G., Yates, I. 1970. A UV labile morphogenetic substance in Volvox carteri. Dev. Biol. 23: 128–135.
13. Maguire, B. Jr. 1963. The passive dispersal of small aquatic organisms and their colonisation of isolated bodies of water. Ecol. Monogr. 33: 161–185.
14. Brown, R.M. Jr., Larson, D.A., Bold, H.C. 1964. Airborne algae: their abundance and heterogeneity. Science 143: 583–585.
15. Tamiya, H. 1966. Synchronous cultures of algae. Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol. 17: 1–26.
16. Hawes, I., Howard-Williams, C., Vincent, W.F. 1992. Desiccation and recovery of Antarctic cyanobacterial mats. Polar Biol. 12: 587–594.
17. Likhitkar, V.S. Tarar, J.L. 1996. Air borne algae of cotton fields around Nagpur. Phykos 35: 77–83.
18. Caiola, M.G., Billi, D., Friedmann, E.I. 1996. Effect of desiccation on envelopes of the cyanobacterium Chroococcidiopsis sp. (Chroococcales). Eur. J. Phycol. 31: 97–105.
19. Dedio, H. 1968. Entwicklungsabhangiger Anstau von Oligosacchariden bei Chlorella fusca. Ber Dtsch Bot. Ges. 81: 359–363.
20. Agrawal, S.C., Singh, V. 1999b. Viability of dried vegetative trichomes, formation of akinetes and heterocysts and akinete germination in some blue-green algae under water stress. Folia Microbiol. 44: 411–418.
21. Nichols, H.W., Bold, H.C. 1965. Trichosarcina polymorpha gen et sp. Nov. J. Phycol. 1: 34–38.
22. Schmidbauer, A., Ried, A. 1967. Einfluss hypertonischer Medien auf den Stoffwechsel synchron kultivierter Chlorella. Arch. Mikrobiol. 58: 275–295.

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Israel Journal of Plant Sciences — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation