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Postharvest granulation of 'Huyou' (Citrus Changshanensis) fruit in response to calcium

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Knowledge of the mechanisms involved in postharvest granulation of 'Huyou' (Citrus changshanensis K.S. Chen et C.X. Fu) citrus fruit is quite limited. Thus, this study was conducted to explore the physiological changes that occur during granulation and the effects of calcium ion on them. Incipient granulation of juice sacs began in mid-March of the year following, as shown by the increase in granulation index, and it was found that 4% CaCl2 had a stronger effect on retardation of fruit granulation than 100 mg/L GA3 treatment. Different changes in activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) in juice sacs and peel tissue during juice sac granulation and following CaCl2 treatment were observed, and it is suggested that juice sacs undergo a senescence process during granulation, while peel tissue does not. Evidence for transport of 14C-glucose from juice sacs to peel tissue prior to the commencement of granulation was recorded. The mechanisms for fruit granulation are discussed, with an emphasis on senescence of juice sacs and regrowth of peel tissue.

Affiliations: 1: Zhejiang University, Department of Horticulture/The State Agriculture Ministry Laboratory of Horticultural Plant Growth, Development and Biotechnology ; 2: Zhejiang University, Department of Horticulture/The State Agriculture Ministry Laboratory of Horticultural Plant Growth, Development and Biotechnology


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