Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Global evolutionary strategies across life caused by shared ecological stress: Fact or fancy?

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Israel Journal of Plant Sciences

Cardinal evolutionary problems await resolution and critical testing. "Evolution Canyon" in Mount Carmel, Israel, is an excellent microcosmic model system of sharp physical (microclimatic) and biotic interslope contrasts, enabling critical tests in nature relevant to macrocosm evolution. We genotypically and phenotypically tested two phylogenetically and biologically very distant organisms there, the sessile, predominantly inbreeding plant wild barley, Hordeum spontaneum, and the vagile and outbreeding drosophilid fruit fly, Zaprionus tuberculatus, a very recent colonizer of Israel. The genomes of these extremely different organisms were tested by Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism (AFLP) for genetic diversity at 357 and 345 genetic markers (presumed gene loci), respectively. We found in both organisms parallel genetic patterns reflecting the canyon's opposite slopes, with significantly higher genetic polymorphism in subpopulations on the ecologically more stressful "African" (warmer and drier) south-facing slope. Likewise, both organisms displayed higher viability in parallel in response to severe drought stress on the more arid and climatically fluctuating "African" SFS. Our results suggest: (i) microclimatic selection is the major evolutionary interslope's fast-acting diverging force upon genotypes and phenotypes, overriding migration and drift, and (ii) ecological stress can generate global-scale adaptive evolutionary genome and phenome strategies, at both micro and macroscales, reinforcing homeostasis and fitness and suggesting continuity between micro and macroevolution.

Affiliations: 1: Institute of Evolution, University of Haifa nevo@research.haifa.ac.il ; 2: Institute of Evolution, University of Haifa

10.1560/G56R-340J-5624-015N
/content/journals/10.1560/g56r-340j-5624-015n
dcterms_title,pub_keyword,dcterms_description,pub_author
10
5
Loading
Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1560/g56r-340j-5624-015n
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Bijlsma, R.L., Loeschke, V. 1997. Environmental stress, adaptation and evolution. Birkhauser Verlag, Basel.
2. Blaustein, L., Kotler, B., Nevo, E. 1996. Rodent species diversity and microhabitat use along opposing slopes of Lower Nahal Oren, Mount Carmel, Israel. Isr. J. Zool. 42: 327-333.
3. Chassagnard, M.T., Kraaijeveld, A.R. 1991. The occurrence of Zaprionus sensu stricto in the Palearctic region (Diptera: Drosophilidae). Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. 27: 495-496.
4. Cottle, H.J. 1932. Vegetation on north and south slopes of mountains in S.E. Texas. Ecology 13: 121-134.
5. Coyne, J.A., Milstead, B. 1987. Long distance migration of Drosophila. 3. Dispersal of D. melanogaster alleles from a Maryland orchard. Am. Nat. 130: 70-82.
6. Derzhavets, E. M., Korol, A., Nevo, E. 1996. Increased male recombination rate in D. melanogaster correlated with population adaptation to stressful conditions. Dros Inf. Serv. 77: 92-94.
7. Derzhavets, E., Korol, A., Pavlíček, T., Nevo, E. 1997. Adaptation to stressful environment and mutation rate: a case study in Drosophila melanogaster. Dros. Inf. Serv. 80: 53.
8. Gillespie, J.H. 1978. A general model to account for enzyme variation in natural populations. V. The SAS-CFF model. Theor. Pop. Biol. 14: 1-15.
9. Gutterman, Y., Nevo, E. 1994. Temperatures and ecological-genetic differentiation affecting the germination of Hordeum spontaneum caryopses harvested from three populations: The Negev Desert and opposing slopes on Mediterranean Mount Carmel. Isr. 1 Plant Sci. 42: 183-195.
10. Harry, M., Rashkovetsky, E., Pavlíček, T., Baker, S., Derzhavets, EM., Capy, P., Cariou, M.L., Lachaise, D., Asada, N., Nevo, E. 1999. Fine-scale biodiversity of Drosophilidae in "Evolution Canyon" at the Lower Nahal Oren microsite, Israel. Biologia 54: 685-705.
11. Hoffmann, A.A., Parsons, P.A. 1991. Environmental stress and evolution. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
12. Karlin, S., Campbell, A.M., Mrazek, J. 1998. Comparative analysis across diverse genomes. Annu. Rev. Genet. 32: 185-225.
13. Korol, A.B., Preygel, I.A., Preygel, S.I. 1994. Recombination variability and evolution. Chapman & Hall, London.
14. Korol, A.B., Kirzhner, V., Ronin, Y.I., Nevo, E. 1996. Cyclical environmental changes as a factor maintaining genetic polymorphism. 2. Diploid selection for an additive trait. Evolution 50: 1432-1441.
15. Lamb, B.C., Saleem, W., Scott, W., Thapa, N., Nevo, E. 1998. Inherited and environmentally induced differences in mutation frequencies between wild strains of Sordaria fimicola from "Evolution Canyon". Genetics 149: 87-99.
16. Lavie, B., Stow, V., Krugman, T., Beiles, A., Nevo, E. 1993. Fitness in wild barley from two opposing slopes of a Mediterranean microsite at Mount Carmel, Israel. Barley Genet. Newsl. 3: 12-14.
17. Levene, H. 1953. Genetic equilibrium when more than one ecological niche is available. Am. Nat. 87: 331-333.
18. Linhart, Y.B., Grant, M.C. 1996. Evolutionary significance of local genetic differentiation in plants. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 27: 237-277.
19. Malagolowkin-Cohen, C., Leven, H., Nevo, E. 1979. Climatic determinants of the distribution and abundance of Drosophila subobscura and other species in Israel. Brazil J. Genet. 2: 109-123.
20. Maynard Smith, J., Hoekstra, R. 1980. Polymorphism in a varied environment: How robust are the models? Genet. Res. 35: 45-57.
21. Nevo, E. 1992. Origin, evolution, population genetics and resources for breeding of wild barley, Hordeum spontaneum, in the Fertile Crescent. In: Shewry, P., ed. Barley: genetics, molecular biology and biotechnology. C.A.B. International, Wellingford, UK. pp. 19-43.
22. Nevo, E. 1995. Asian, African and European biota meet at "Evolution Canyon", Israel: local tests of global biodiversity and genetic diversity patterns. Proc. R. Soc. London B 262: 149-155.
23. Nevo, E. 1997. Evolution in action across phylogeny caused by microclimatic stresses at "Evolution Canyon". Theor. Popul. Biol. 52: 231-243.
24. Nevo, E. 1998. Molecular evolution and ecological stress at global, regional and local scales: The Israeli perspective. J. Exp. Zool. 282: 95-119.
25. Nevo, E. 2001. Evolution of genome-phenome diversity under environmental stress. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 98: 6233-6240.
26. Nevo, E., Apelbaum-Elkaher, I., Garty, J., Beiles, A. 1997a. Natural selection causes microscale allozyme diversity in wild barley and a lichen at "Evolution Canyon" Mt. Carmel, Israel. Heredity 78: 373-382.
27. Nevo, E., Kirzhner, V.M., Beiles, A., Korol, A.B. 1997b. Selection versus random drift: long-term polymorphism persistence in small populations (evidence and modelling). Phil. Trans. R. Soc. London B 352: 381-389.
28. Nevo, E., Filippucci, M.G., Pavlíček, T, Gorlova, O., Shenbrot, G., Ivanitskaya, E., Beiles, A. 1998a. Genotypic and phenotypic divergence of rodents (Acomys cahirinus and Apodemus mystacinus) at "Evolution Canyon": micro- and macroscale parallelism. Acta Theriol. Suppl. 5: 9-34.
29. Nevo, E., Rashkovetsky, E., Pavlíček, T., Korol, A. 1998b. A complex adaptive syndrome in Drosophila caused by microclimatic contrasts. Heredity 80: 9-16.
30. Nevo, E., Fragman, O., Dafni, A. Beiles, A. 1999. Biodiversity and interslope divergence of vascular plants caused by microclimatic differences at "Evolution Canyon", Lower Nahal Oren, Mount Carmel, Israel. Isr. J. Plant Sci. 47: 49-59, p. 51 and cover).
31. Owuor, E.D., Fahima, A., Beiles, A., Korol, A.B., Nevo, E. 1997. Population genetics response to microsite ecological stress in wild barley Hordeum spontaneum. Mol. Ecol. 6: 1177-1187.
32. Pavlíček, T., Sharon, D., Kravchenko, V., Saaroni, H., Nevo, E. 2003. Microclimatic interslope differences underlying biodiversity contrasts in "Evolution Canyon", Mt. Carmel, Israel. J. Earth Sci. 52: 1-9.
33. Powell, J.R. 1997. Progress and prospects in evolutionary biology: the Drosophila model. Oxford University Press, New York.
34. Rankevich, D., Lavie, B., Nevo, E., Beiles, A., Arad, Z. 1996. Genetic and physiological adaptations of the prosobranch landsnail Pomatias olivieri to microclimatic stresses on Mt. Carmel, Israel. Isr. J. Zool. 42: 425-442.
35. Rashkovetsky, E., Nevo, E., Korol, A.B. 1997. Incipient premating isolation in Drosophila melanogaster population at a microsite, "Evolution Canyon". Int. Conf. Studying Stress in Ecological Systems: Pure and Applied Perspective. Roskilde Univ., Denmark, p. 28 (Abstract).
36. Saleem, M., Lamb, B.C., Nevo, E. 2001. Inherited differences in crossing-over and gene conversion frequencies between wild strains of Sordaria fimicola from "Evolution Canyon". Genetics 159: 1573-1593.
37. Van Valen, L 1965. Morphological variation and width of ecological niche. Am. Nat. 99: 377-390.
38. Vos, P., Hodgers, R., Bleeker, M., Reijans, M., Lee, T.V.D., Hornes, M., Frijters, A., Pot, J., Kuiper, J.M., Zabeaur, M. 1995. AFLP: a new technique for DMA fingerprinting. Nucleic Acids Res. 23: 4407-4414.
39. Yeh, F.C., Yang, R.-C., Boyle, T. 1997. POPGENE Version 1.21. Edmonton, Canada.
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1560/g56r-340j-5624-015n
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1560/g56r-340j-5624-015n
2006-05-13
2018-09-19

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Israel Journal of Plant Sciences — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation