Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Photosynthesis and respiration of hermatypic zooxanthellate Red Sea corals from 5-75-m depth

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Israel Journal of Plant Sciences

Hermatypic zooxanthellate corals depend on light for photosynthesis. As such, they will not grow at depths deeper than 100 m. Submersible respirometers were used to monitor changes in oxygen concentration for five corals species, Favia favus, Fungia scutaria, Lobophyllia sp., Mycedium sp., and Stylophora pistillata. Variations in chlorophyll concentrations, zooxanthellae cell densities, photosynthesis, and respiration rates were detected in these coral species. Two clusters emerged when correlated with deep water, indicating different populations. The first group was restricted to the surface-40 m depth and the second to the 40-75-m depth. Light intensity for saturating photosynthesis Ek was less than 320 μmol q m-2 s-1 for all species and decreased with depth for most of them.

Affiliations: 1: The Mina and Everard Goodman Faculty of Life Sciences, Bar-Ilan University stambln@mail.biu.ac.il ; 2: The Mina and Everard Goodman Faculty of Life Sciences, Bar-Ilan University

10.1560/IJPS.56.1-2.45
/content/journals/10.1560/ijps.56.1-2.45
dcterms_title,pub_keyword,dcterms_description,pub_author
10
5
Loading
Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1560/ijps.56.1-2.45
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Anthony, K. R. N., Hoegh-Guldberg, O. 2003a. Variation in coral photosynthesis, respiration and growth characteristics in contrasting light microhabitats: an analogue to plants in forest gaps and understoreys? Func. Ecol. 17: 246-259.
2. Anthony, K. R. N., Hoegh-Guldberg, O. 2003b. Kinetics of photoacclimation in corals. Oecologia 134: 23-31.
3. Anthony, K. R. N., Hoogenbaum, M. O., Connolly, S. R. 2005. Adaptive variation in coral geometry and the optimization of internal colony light climates. Func. Ecol. 19: 17-26.
4. Baker, A. C. 2003. Flexibility and specificity in coral-algal symbiosis: diversity, ecology, and biogeography of Symbiodinium.Annu. Rev. Ecol. Evol. Syst. 34: 661-689.
5. Barnes, D. J., Chalker, B. E. 1990. Calcification and photosynthesis in reef building corals and algae. In: Dubinsky, Z., ed. Ecosystems of the world. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 109-131.
6. Bellwood, D. R., Hughes, T. P., Folke C., Nystrom, M. 2004. Confronting the coral reef crisis. Nature 429: 827-833.
7. Ben-Zion, M., Dubinsky, Z. 1988. An on-line system for measuring photosynthetic characteristics via an oxygenelectrode. J. Plankton Res. 10: 555-558.
8. Berner, T., Achituv, Y., Dubinsky, Z., Benayahu, Y. 1987. Pattern of distribution and adaptation to different irradiance levels of zooxanthellae in the soft coral Litophyton arboreum (Octocorallia, Alcyonacea). Symbiosis 3: 23-40.
9. Buddemeier, R. W., Smith, S. V. 1999. Coral adaptation and acclimatization: a most ingenious paradox. Am. Zool. 39: 1-9.
10. Chalker, B. E., Dunlap, W. C. 1983. Primary production and photoadaptation by corals on the Great Barrier Reef. In: Baker, J. T., Carter, R. M., Sammarco, P. W., Stark, K. P., eds. Proceedings of the Inaugural of Great Barrier Reef Conference, August 28-Sept. 2, 1983, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland, Australia, pp. 293-298.
11. Dubinsky, Z., Jokiel, P. 1994. Ratio of energy and nutrient fluxes regulates symbiosis between zooxanthellae and corals. Pac. Sci. 48: 313-324.
12. Dubinsky, Z., Stambler, N. 1996. Marine pollution and coral reefs. Global Change Biol. 2: 511-526.
13. Dubinsky, Z., Falkowski, P. G., Porter, J. W., Muscatine, L. 1984. Absorption and utilization of radiant energy by light-and shade-adapted colonies of the hermatypic coral Stylophora pistillata.Proc. R. Soc. London B 222: 203-214.
14. Dustan, P. 1982. Depth-dependent photoadaptation by zooxanthellae of the reef coral Montastrea annularis.Mar. Biol. 68: 253-264.
15. Edmunds, P. J., Davies, P. S. 1986. An energy budget for Porites porites (Scleractinia). Mar. Biol. 92: 339-347.
16. Fabricius, K. E. 2006. Effects of irradiance, flow, and colony pigmentation on the temperature microenvironment around corals: Implications for coral bleaching? Limnol. Oceanogr. 51: 30-37.
17. Falkowski, P. G., Dubinsky, Z. 1981. Light-shade adaptation of Stylophora pistillata, a hermatypic coral from the Gulf of Eilat. Nature 289: 172-174.
18. Falkowski, P. G., Dubinsky, Z., Muscatine, L., Porter, J. 1984. Light and the bioenergetics of a symbiotic coral. BioScience 34: 705-709.
19. Falkowski, P. G., Jokiel P. L., Kinzie, R. A. 1990. Irradiance and corals. In: Dubinsky, Z., ed. Coral reefs. Ecosystems of the World. Elsevier Science Publishers, Amsterdam, pp. 89-107.
20. Falkowski, P. G., McClosky, L., Muscatine, L., Dubinsky, Z. 1993. Population control in symbiotic corals. BioScience 43: 606-611.
21. Fricke, H., Schuhmacher, H. 1983. The depth limits of Red Sea stony corals: an ecophysiological problem (a deep diving survey by submersible). Mar. Ecol. 4: 163-194.
22. Gardiner, J. S. 1930. Photosynthesis and solution in the formation of coral reefs. Proc. Linn. Soc. London 1: 65-71.
23. Goreau, T. F., Goreau, N. I. 1959. The physiology of skeleton formation in corals. II. Calcium deposition by hermatypic corals under various conditions in the reef. Biol. Bull. 117: 239-250.
24. Grant, A. J., Starke-Peterkovic, T., Withers, K. J. T., Hinde, R. 2004. Aposymbiotic Plesiastrea versipora continues to produce cell-signalling molecules that regulate the carbon metabolism of symbiotic algae. Comp. Biochem. Physiol.A 138: 253-259.
25. Graus, R. R., Macintyre, I. G. 1976. Light control of growth form in colonial reef corals: computer simulation. Science 193: 895-897.
26. Hoegh-Guldberg, O. 1999. Coral bleaching, climate change and the future of the world's coral reefs. Mar. Freshwater Res. 50: 839-866.
27. Hoegh-Guldberg, O., Mumby, P. J., Hooten, A. J., Steneck, R. S., Greenfield, P., Gomez, E., Harvell, C. D., Sale, P. F., Edwards, A. J., Caldeira, K., Knowlton, N., Eakin, C. M., Iglesias-Prieto, R., Muthiga, N., Bradbury, R. H., Dubi, A., Hatziolos, M. E. 2007. Coral reefs under rapid climate change and ocean acidification. Science 318: 1737-1742.
28. Hoogenboom, M. O., Anthony, K. R. N., Connolly, S. R. 2006. Energetic cost of photoinhibition in corals. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 313: 1-12.
29. Houlbreque, F., Tambutte, E., Ferrier-Pages, C. 2003. Effect of zooplankton availability on the rates of photosynthesis, and tissue and skeletal growth in the scleractinian coral Stylophora pistillata.J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 296: 145-166.
30. Jeffrey, S. W., Humphrey, G. F. 1975. New spectrophotometric equations for determining chlorophylls a, b, c1 and c2 n higher plants, algae and natural phytoplankton. Biochem. Physiol. Pflanz. 167: 191-194.
31. Johannes, R. E., Wiebe, W. J. 1970. Method for determination of coral tissue biomass and composition. Limnol. Oceanogr. 15: 822-824.
32. Karako-Lampert, S., Katcoff, D. J., Achituv, Y., Dubinsky, Z. Stambler, N. 2004. Do clades of symbiotic dinoflagellates in scleractinian corals of the Gulf of Eilat (Red Sea) differ from those of other coral reefs? J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 311: 301-314.
33. Klaus, J. S., Budd, A. F., Heikoop, J. M., Fouke, B. W. 2007. Environmental controls on corallite morphology in the reef coral Montastraea annularis.Bull. Mar. Sci. 80: 233-260.
34. Lampert-Karako, S., Stambler, N., Katcoff, D. J., Achituv, Y., Dubinsky, Z., Simon-Blecher, N. 2008. Effects of depth and eutrophication on the zooxanthellae clades of Stylophora pistillata from the Gulf of Eilat (Red Sea). Aquat. Cons. Mar. Fresh. Ecosyst. 18: 1039-1045.
35. Lesser, M. P. 2004. Experimental biology of coral reef ecosystems. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 300: 217-252.
36. Levy, O., Achituv, Y., Yacobi, Y. Z., Stambler, N., Dubinsky, Z. 2006a. The impact of spectral composition and light periodicity on the activity of two antioxidant enzymes (SOD and CAT) in the coral Favia favus.J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 328: 35-46.
37. Levy, O., Achituv, Y., Yacobi, Y. Z., Stambler, N. Dubinsky, Z. 2006b. Diel ‘tuning’ of coral metabolism: physiological responses to light cues. J. Exp. Biol. 209: 273-283.
38. Loya, Y. 1972. Community structure and species diversity of hermatypic corals at Eilat, Red Sea. Mar. Biol. 13: 100-123.
39. Loya, Y. 2004. The coral reefs of Eilat—past, present and future: three decades of coral community structure studies. In: Rosenberg, E., Loya, Y., eds. Coral health and disease. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 1-34.
40. Mass, T., Einbinder, S., Brokovich, E., Shashar, N., Vago, R., Erez, J., Dubinsky, Z. 2007. Photoacclimation of Stylophora pistillata to light extremes: metabolism and calcification. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 334: 93-102.
41. Muscatine, L., Falkowski, P. G., Porter, J., Dubinsky, Z. 1984. Fate of photosynthetically fixed carbon in light and shadeadapted corals. Proc. R. Soc. London B 222: 181-202.
42. Norusis, M. J. 1999. SPSS 9.0 Guide to data analysis. Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ.
43. Palardy, J. E., Grottoli, A. G., Matthews, K. A. 2005. Effects of upwelling, depth, morphology and polyp size on feeding in three species of Panamanian corals. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 300: 79-89.
44. Porter, J. W. 1976. Autotrophy, heterotrophy, and resource partitioning in Caribbean reef building corals. Am. Nat. 110: 731-742.
45. Porter, J. W., Muscatine, L., Dubinsky, Z., Falkowski, P. G. 1984. Primary production and photoadaption in light and shade adapted colonies of the symbiotic coral Stylophora pistillata.Proc. R. Soc. London B. 22: 161-180.
46. Ralph, P. J., Schreiber, U., Gademann, R., Kuhl, M., Larkum, A. W. D. 2005. Coral photobiology studied with a new imaging pulse amplitude modulated fluorometer. J. Phycol. 41: 335-342.
47. Roos, P. J. 1967. Growth and occurrence of the deep coral Porites astreoides Lamarck in relation to submarine radiance distribution. Drukkerij Elinkwijk, Utrecht.
48. Rowan, R. 2004. Coral bleaching—thermal adaptation in reef coral symbionts. Nature 430: 742-742.
49. Savage, A., Trapido-Rosenthal, M. H., Douglas, A. E. 2002. On the functional significance of molecular variation in Symbiodinium, the symbiotic algae of cnidaria: photosynthetic response to irradiance. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 244: 27-37.
50. Schlichter, D., Fricke, H. W., Weber, W. 1986. Light harvesting by wavelength transformation in asymbiotic coral of the Red Sea twilight zone. Mar. Biol. 91: 403-407.
51. Schumacher, H., Zibrowius, H. 1985. What is hermatypic? A redefinition of ecological groups in corals and other organisms. Coral Reefs 4: 1-9.
52. Sebens, K. P., Vandersall, K. S., Savina, L. A., Graham, K. R. 1996. Zooplankton capture by two scleractinian corals, Madracis mirabilis and Montastrea cavernosa, in a field enclosure. Mar. Biol. 127: 303-317.
53. Stambler, N. 2006. Light and picophytoplankton in the Gulf of Eilat (Aqaba). J. Geophys. Res.—Oceans 111, C11009, doi:10.1029/2005JC003373.
54. Stambler, N., Dubinsky, Z. 2004. Stress effects on metabolism of hermatypic coral. In: Rosenberg, E., Loya, Y., eds. Coral health and disease. Springer-Verlag, Berlin pp. 195-215.
55. Stambler, N., Dubinsky, Z. 2005. Corals as light collectors: an integrating sphere approach. Coral Reefs 24: 1-9.
56. Stoddart, D. R. 1969. Ecology and morphology of recent coral reefs. Biol. Rev. 44: 433-498.
57. Thieberger, Y., Kizner, Y., Achituv, Y., Dubinsky, Z. 1995. A novel, non-destructive bioassay for assessing areal chlorophyll a in hermatypic cnidarians. Limnol. Oceanogr. 40: 1166-1173.
58. Titlyanov, E. A. 1991. Light adaptation and production characteristics of branches differing by age and illumination of the hermatypic coral Pocillopora verrucosa.Symbiosis 10: 249-260.
59. Titlyanov, E. A., Latypov, Y. Y. 1991. Light-dependence in scleractinian distribution in the sublittoral zone of South China Sea Islands. Coral Reefs 10: 133-138.
60. Titlyanov, E. A., Shaposhnikova, M. G., Zvalinskii, V. I. 1980. Photosynthesis and adaptation of corals to irradiance. I. Contents and native state of photosynthetic pigments in symbiotic microalga. Photosynthetica 14: 413-421.
61. Titlyanov, E. A., Titlyanova, T. V., Yamazato, K., van Woesik, R. 2001. Photo-acclimation dynamics of the coral Stylophora pistillata to low and extremely low light. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 263: 211-225.
62. Ulstrup, K. E., Ralph, P. J., Larkum, A. W. D., Kuhl, M. 2006. Intra-colonial variability in light acclimation of zooxanthellae in coral tissues of Pocillopora damicornis.Mar. Biol. 149: 1325-1335.
63. Vermeij, M. J. A., Bak, R. P. M. 2002. How are coral populations structured by light? Marine light regimes and the distribution of Madracis. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 233: 105-116.
64. Veron, J. 2000. Corals of the world. Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR Old Pty Ltd.
65. Warner, M. E., LaJeunesse, T. C., Robison, J. D., Thur, R. M. 2006. The ecological distribution and comparative photobiology of symbiotic dinoflagellates from reef corals in Belize: potential implications for coral bleaching. Limnol. Oceanogr. 51: 1887-1897.
66. Wellington, G. M. 1982. An experimental analysis of the effects of light and zooplankton on coral zonation. Oecologia 52: 311-320.
67. Wells, J. W. 1957. Corals. Geol. Soc. Am. 67: 1087-1104.
68. Winters, G., Loya, Y., Rottgers, R., Beer, S. 2003. Photoinhibition in shallow-water colonies of the coral Stylophora pistillata as measured in situ. Limnol. Oceanogr. 48: 1388-1393.
69. Wyman, K. D., Dubinsky, Z., Porter, J. W., Falkowski, P. G. 1987. Light absorption and utilization among hermatypic corals: a study in Jamaica, West Indies. Mar. Biol. 96: 283-292.
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1560/ijps.56.1-2.45
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1560/ijps.56.1-2.45
2008-05-13
2018-09-24

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Israel Journal of Plant Sciences — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation