Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Flower color phenology in European grassland and woodland habitats, through the eyes of pollinators

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Israel Journal of Plant Sciences

Some studies have claimed that flowers in bloom at particular times of year are more likely to be of particular colors to better attract pollinating insects. To test this, we analyzed a data set collected from five field sites near Strausberg, Germany, which included information on flower color and months of blooming. However, we chose to consider flower color as perceived by bee as well as human visual systems, as well as independent of any color vision system, to reveal whether trends, if present, have any ecological relevance. Using randomization analyses, we were able to consider whether blooming time interacts with flower color, and how this interaction depends upon other factors. Our results show that there is an association between the months of flowering and the colors of flowers—but only when flowers are considered according to human color categories. Further analysis showed that this is merely a consequence of flowers from the same family being more likely to flower at the same time and have similar colors. All these effects disappeared when flowers were considered using bee color categories, and in the analyses of physical spectral reflectances.

Affiliations: 1: Queen Mary University of London, Research Centre for Psychology, School of Biological and Chemical Sciences ; 2: Queen Mary University of London, Research Centre for Psychology, School of Biological and Chemical Sciences


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Israel Journal of Plant Sciences — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation