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The use of OLIPE traps as a part of a regional effort towards olive fly (Bactrocera oleae Gmelin) control

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The olive fruit fly, Bactrocera oleae Gmelin, is a key pest of olive fruit, causing up to 50% crop loss. Conventional insecticide treatments of B. oleae cause both a serious disruption of the biological equilibrium and environmental pollution. In order to improve the yield, quality, and farm income from oil olive varieties in the eastern Mediterranean, collaboration has been formed between Jordan, Israel, and the Palestinian Authority. Among the specific objectives set was the implementation of traps that are efficient, low-cost, and environmentally friendly. In 2008, the efficiency of the home-made OLIPE trap was compared with the commercial Fruitect trap in 11 locations in Jordan, Israel, and the Palestinian Authority, and the presence of the olive fly as well as infestation levels was compared. The insignificant influence found for the two traps in all parameters measured could have resulted from the small plots, variability among study sites, low infestation level, or actual inefficiency. However, this work is a first step in a coordinated effort towards olive fruit fly control by the three countries. More experiments with the OLIPE trap are required in order to maximize its efficiency. In the future, a combination of these traps with classical biological control may lead to the successful reduction of B. oleae damage in the region.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Entomology, Newe Ya'ar Research Center ; 2: Department of Entomology, Faculty of Agriculture, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem ; 3: Ahali Center for Community Development ; 4: National Center for Agricultural Research and Extension (NCARE) Baqa ; 5: Arab Agronomists Association


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