Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Seed germination of a halophyte, Halostachys caspica

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Israel Journal of Plant Sciences

Halostachys caspica (Chenopodiaceae) is a halophytic shrub commonly found in saline areas of the western deserts in China that produces small-sized seeds (0.07 mg). Effects of temperature, light, NaCl, and polyethylene glycol-6000 on seed germination were investigated by incubating seeds in Petri dishes in controlled environments. Seed germination was promoted by both light and temperature alternation. Seed dormancy was not detected. Temperature dependence of seed germination indicated that H. caspica seeds are able to germinate at any time between spring and autumn in their habitats in China. Seed germination was almost completely withheld when seeds were moistened with 500 mmol kg-1 NaCl, but seeds remained viable after moistening with 3000 mmol kg-1 NaCl for 41 d. Opportunities for seed germination were expected to be very limited in the field because for photoblastic H. caspica seeds to germinate, the seeds need to be almost exposed to the soil surface, where they are likely to suffer severe water deficiency and high salinity. It was suggested that germination of H. caspica seeds in the field is facilitated by a supply of a large amount of water from melting snow in early spring.

Affiliations: 1: Laboratory of Intellectual Fundamentals for Environmental Studies, National Institute for Environmental Studies ; 2: School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shandong University ; 3: Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, University of Tokyo


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Blank, R.R., Young, J.A., Martens, E., Palmquist, D.E. 1994. Influence of temperature and osmotic potential on germination of Allenrolfea occidentalis seeds. J. Arid Environ.26: 339-347.
2. Boyer, J.S., Knipling, E.B. 1965. Isopiestic technique for measuring leaf water potentials with a thermocouple psychrometer. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.54: 1044-1051.
3. Cluff, G.J., Evans, R.A., Young, J.A. 1983. Desert saltgrass seed germination and seedbed ecology. J. Range Manage.36: 419-422.
4. de Miguel, L., Sánchez, R.A. 1992. Phytochrome-induced germination, endosperm softening and embryo growth potential in Datura ferox seeds: sensitivity to low water potential and time to escape to FR reversal. J. Exp. Bot.43: 969-974.
5. Dixit, S., Amritphale, D. 1996. Very low fluence response in the induction and inhibition of seed germination in Celosia argentea. Seed Sci. Res.6: 43-48.
6. Fenner, M. 1995. Ecology of seed banks. In: Kigel, J., Galili, G., eds.xs Seed development and germination. Marcel Dekker, New York, USA, pp. 507-528.
7. Hardegree, S.P., Emmerich, W.E. 1990. Partitioning water potential and specific salt effect on seed germination of four grasses. Ann. Bot.66: 587-585.
8. Hegarty, T.W. 1978. The physiology of seed hydration and dehydration, and the relation between water stress and the control of germination: a review. Plant Cell Environ. 1: 101-119.
9. Khan, M.A., Ungar, I.A. 1996. Influence of salinity and temperature on the germination of Haloxylon recurvum Bunge ex. Boiss. Ann. Bot.78: 547-551.
10. Kigel, J. 1995. Seed germination in arid and semiarid regions. In: Kigel, J., Galili, G., eds. Seed development and germination. Marcel Dekker, New York, USA, pp. 645-697.
11. Koller, D., Sachs, M., Negbi, M. 1964. Germination-regulating mechanisms in some desert seeds. VIII. Artemisia monosperma. Plant Cell Physiol.5: 85-100.
12. Lang, A.G.R. 1967. Osmotic coefficients and water potentials of sodium chloride solutions from 0 to 40 °C. Aust. J. Chem.20: 2017-2023.
13. Macke, A.J., Ungar, I.A. 1971. The effects of salinity on germination and early growth of Puccinellia nuttalliana. Can. J. Bot.49: 515-520.
14. Mc Donough, W.T. 1975. Water potential of germinating seeds. Bot. Gaz.136: 106-108.
15. Mott, J.J. 1972. Germination studies on some annual species from an arid region of Western Australia. J. Ecol.60: 293-304.
16. Mott, J.J. 1974. Factors affecting seed germination in three annual species from an arid region of Western Australia. J. Ecol.62: 699-709.
17. Myers, B.A., Morgan, W.C. 1989. Germination of the salt-tolerant grass Diplachne fusca. III. Salinity responses. Aust. J. Bot.37: 239-251.
18. Naidoo, G., Naiker, K. 1992. Seed germination in the coastal halophytes Triglochin bulbosa and Triglochin striata. Aquat. Bot.42: 217-229.
19. Okusanya, O.T. 1977. The effect of sea water and temperature on the germination behaviour of Crithmum maritimum. Physiol. Plant.41: 265-267.
20. Omasa, K., Natori, T., Tobe, K., Tanaka, K. 1995. Physio-ecological studies on drought and salt resistance of plants under controlled environments. In: Japan-China joint study on desertification, phase II report. Science and Technology Agency, Tokyo, Japan, pp. 355-366 (in Japanese, English abstr.).
21. Probert, R.J. 1992. The role of temperature in germination ecophysiology. In: Fenner, M., ed. Seeds: the ecology of regeneration in plant communities. CAB International, Wallingford, UK, pp. 285-325.
22. Pujol, J.A., Calvo, J.F., Ramírez-Díaz, L. 2000. Recovery of germination from different osmotic conditions by four halophytes from southeastern Spain. Ann. Bot.85: 279-286.
23. Rivers, W.G., Weber, D.J. 1971. The influence of salinity and temperature on seed germination in Salicornia bigelovii. Physiol. Plant.24: 73-75.
24. Schopfer, P., Plachy, C. 1993. Photoinhibition of radish (Raphanus sativus L.) seed germination: control of growth potential by cell-wall yielding in the embryo. Plant Cell Environ.16: 223-229.
25. Tobe, K., Zhang, L., Omasa, K. 2005. Seed germination and seedling emergence of three annuals growing on desert sand dunes in China. Ann. Bot.95: 649-659.
26. Ungar, I.A. 1995. Seed germination and seed-bank ecology in halophytes. In: Kigel, J., Galili, G., eds. Seed development and germination. Marcel Dekker, New York, USA, pp. 599-628.
27. Ungar, I.A. 1996. Effect of salinity on seed germination, growth, and ion accumulation of Atriplex patula (Chenopodiaceae). Am. J. Bot.83: 604-607.
28. Wang, Z., Zhu, S., Shu, R., Li, L., Dan, G., You, W., Zeng, X., Zhang, C., Zhang, L., Song, R. 1993. Saline soils in China. Science Press, Beijing, China (in Chinese).
29. Williams, M.D., Ungar, I.A. 1972. The effect of environmental parameters on the germination, growth, and development of Suaeda depressa (Pursh) Wats. Am. J. Bot.59: 912-918.

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Israel Journal of Plant Sciences — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation