Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

780,000-year-old wood from Gesher Benot Ya'aqov, Israel

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Israel Journal of Plant Sciences

780,000-year-old wood of the Early/Middle Pleistocene, from excavations at Gesher Benot Ya'aqov in the Dead Sea Rift, was examined anatomically. Twenty-eight genera of trees, shrubs, and climbers have been botanically identified. The most common among them were Fraxinus, Quercus, Olea, Salix, Pistacia, and Ulmus. Most of the identified plants represent typical Mediterranean vegetation. Remnants of almost all the identified species are still found in the region today, in spite of the dramatic changes that took place in the Holocene through the intervention of man. One species, however, could not be identified with wood anatomical data of European, Middle Eastern, or North African species. It appears to be a species that is extinct in this region.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Botany, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem

10.1560/IJPS_54_4_291
/content/journals/10.1560/ijps_54_4_291
dcterms_title,pub_keyword,dcterms_description,pub_author
10
5
Loading
Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1560/ijps_54_4_291
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Braun, D. 1992. The geology of the Afiquim area. M.Sc. thesis, Hebrew Univ., Jerusalem (in Hebrew).
2. Fahn, A., Werker, E., Baas, P. 1986. Wood anatomy and identification of trees and shrubs from Israel and adjacent regions. Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.
3. Feinbrun-Dothan, N. 1978. Flora Palaestina. Vol. III. Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.
4. Gale, R., Cutler, D. 2000. Plants in archaeology—Identification, manual of artefacts of plant origin from Europe and the Mediterranean. Westbury & Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
5. Goren-Inbar, N., Belitzky, S., Goren, Y., Rabinovitch, R., Saragusti, I. 1992. Gesher Benot Ya'aqov—the ‘bar’: an Acheulian assemblage. Geoarchaeology 7: 27-40.
6. Goren-Inbar, N., Lister, A., Werker, E., Chech, M. 1994. A butchered elephant skull and associated artifacts from the Acheulian site of Gesher Benot Ya'aqov, Israel. Paléorient 20: 99-112.
7. Goren-Inbar, N., Werker, E., Feibel, C.S. 2002. The Acheulian site of Gesher Benot Ya'aqov, Israel, the wood assemblage. Vol. 1. Oxbow Books, Oxford, 119 pp.
8. Greguss, P. 1955. Xylotomische Bestimmung der heute lebenden Gymnospermen. Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest.
9. Greguss, P. 1959. Holzanatomie der Europäischen Laubhölzer und Sträucher. Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest.
10. Grundwag, M., Werker, E. 1976. Comparative wood anatomy as an aid to identification of Pistacia L. species. Israel Journal of Botany 25: 152-167.
11. Lev-Yadun, S., Artzy, M., Marcus, E., Stidsing, R. 1996. Wood remains from Tel Nami, a Middle Bronze IIa and Late Bronze IIb port: exploitation of trees and Levantine cedar trade. Economic Botany 50: 310-317.
12. Liphschitz, N. 1986. The vegetation landscape and macroclimate of Israel during prehistoric and protohistoric periods. Mitekufat Haeven 19: 80-89.
13. Liphschitz, N., Nadel, D. 1997. Charred wood remains from Ohalo II (19,000 B.P.), Sea of Galilee, Israel. Mitekufat Haeven 27: 5-18.
14. Melamed, Y. 1997. Reconstruction of the landscape and the vegetarian diet at Gesher Benot Ya'aqov Archaeological Site in the Lower Paleolithic Period. M.Sc. thesis, Bar-Ilan Univ., Israel (in Hebrew).
15. Mikesell, M.W. 1969. The deforestation of Mount Lebanon. Geographical Review 59: 1-28.
16. Rabinovitch-Vin, A. 1977. The vegetation of the Lower Galilee. In: Paz, U., ed. Studies and surveys in nature preservation in Israel, Vol. 2. Nature Reserves Authority, Jerusalem (in Hebrew).
17. Rabinovitch-Vin, A. 1986. Parent rock, soil and vegetation in Galilee. Nature Reserves Authority and Kibbutz Hameuchad Publishing House, Tel Aviv (in Hebrew).
18. Schweingruber, H.F. 1990. Anatomy of European woods. Haupt, Bern.
19. Weisel, Y. 1984. Vegetation of Israel. In: Alon, A., ed. Plants and animals in the Land of Israel: an illustrated encyclopedia, Vol. 8. Ministry of Defence/The Publishing House, Society for Protection of Nature, Israel, Tel Aviv, pp. 172-179 (in Hebrew).
20. Werker, E. 1998. Plant identification of the wooden objects. In Schick, T., ed. The cave of the warrior, a fourth millenium burial in the Judean Desert. Israel Antiquities Report, No. 5, Jerusalem, pp. 92-96.
21. Werker, E., Goren-Inbar, N. 2001. Reconstruction of the woody vegetation at the Acheulian site of Gesher Benot Ya'aqov, Dead Sea Rift, Israel. In: Purdy, B.A., ed. Enduring records: the environmental and cultural heritage of wetlands. Oxbow Books, Oxford, pp. 206-213.
22. Wheeler, E.A., Pearson, R.G., LaPash, C.A., Zak, T., Hatley, W. 1986. Computer-aided wood identification. North Carolina Agricultural Reseach Service, Bull. 474, North Carolina State University, Raleigh.
23. Zohary, M. 1959. Geobotany. Sifriat Poalim, Merhavia (in Hebrew).
24. Zohary, M. 1966, 1972. Flora Palaestina, Vols. 1, 2. Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.
25. Zohary, M. 1982. Plants of the bible. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
26. Zohary, M., Orshansky, G. 1947. The vegetation of the Huleh Plain. Palestine Journal of Botany (Jerusalem series) 4: 90-104.
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1560/ijps_54_4_291
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1560/ijps_54_4_291
2006-05-13
2018-04-21

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Israel Journal of Plant Sciences — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation