Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Temporal variation of air pollution in a geothermal area of central Italy: Assessment by the biodiversity of epiphytic lichens

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Israel Journal of Plant Sciences

The results of a biomonitoring survey carried out in the geothermal area of Travale-Radicondoli (central Italy) are reported. The aim of the study was to evaluate the temporal variation of air pollution from 1992 to the present, based on the actual biodiversity of the epiphytic lichens compared with that of a previous study in the same area. Although instrumental measurements were not available, it was assumed that variations in the lichen biodiversity mostly reflected changes in the air pollution status. Furthermore, adopting a "before-after" strategy, the impact of a sansa oil extraction plant built in 1993 was also evaluated. The results showed that after 8 years, the geothermal area of Travale-Radicondoli is undergoing a gradual process of improvement, as clearly indicated by the colonization of some lichen species in areas previously affected by the "lichen desert";. The surroundings of the geothermal power plants did not show evident changes from the previous study, as the biodiversity values remained low. The sansa oil extraction plant had a noticeable environmental impact that caused the air quality to worsen.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Siena, Via P.A. Mattioli 4 ; 2: Department of Biology, University of Crete, P.O. Box 2208


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Olea, R.A. 1974. Optimal contouring mapping using universal kriging. J. Geophys. Res. 79: 695 702.
2. Piervittori R., Meregalli M., Maffei S., Montersino M. 1996. Lichen recolonization in the city of Turin. Allionia 34: 63 65.
3. Hawksworth D.L., McManus P.M. 1989. Lichen recolonization in London under conditions of rapidly falling sulphur dioxide levels, and the concept of zone skipping. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 100: 99 109.
4. Loppi S., Putort E., Signorini C., Fommei S., Pirintsos S.A., De Dominicis V. 1998. A retrospective study using epiphytic lichens as biomonitors of air quality: 1980 and 1996 (Tuscany, central Italy). Acta Oecol. 19: 405 408.
5. Loppi, S., Giordani, P., Brunialti, G., Isocrono, D., Piervittori, R. 2001. A new scale for the interpretation of lichen biodiversity values in the Thyrrenian side of Italy. Bibl. Lichenol., in press.
6. Nimis P.L. 1993. The lichens of Italy. An annotated catalogue. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat., Torino, Monogr. XII.
7. Kandler O., Poelt J. 1984. Wiederbesiedlung der Innestadt von Munchen durch Flechten. Naturwiss. Rundsch. 37: 90 95.
8. Loppi, S., Giordani, P., Brunialti, G., Isocrono, D., Piervittori,R. 2002. Identifying deviation from naturality of lichen diversity for bioindication purposes. In: Nimis P.L.,Scheidegger, C., Wolseley, P., eds. Monitoring with lichens monitoring lichens. Kluwer Academic Publishers,the Netherlands, pp. 281 284.
9. Barkman J.J. 1958. Phytosociology and ecology of cryptogamic epiphytes. Van Gorcum, Assen, the Netherlands.
10. Loppi S., Nascimbene J. 1998. Lichen bioindication of air quality in the Mt. Amiata geothermal area (Tuscany, Italy). Geothermics 27: 295 304.
11. Rose F. 1974. The epiphytes of oak. In: Morris, M.G., Perring,F.H., eds. The British oak. Botanical Society of the British Isles, London, pp. 250 273.
12. Nimis, P.L. 2000. Checklist of Italian lichens 2.0. University of Trieste, Department of Biology, IN2.0/2 (
13. Morandi R. 1998. Monitoraggio dell inquinamento atmosferico mediante l uso di licheni. In: Ambiente, Il Veneto verso il 2000, Giunta Regionale del Veneto, pp. 187 206.
14. Delzenne C., Gehu J.M. 1978. Sur deux associations epiphytes du Parmelion caperatae des plaines et collines francaises. Doc. Phytosoc. 2: 117-126.
15. Loppi S. 1996. Lichens as bioindicators of geothermal air pollution in central Italy. Bryologist 99: 41 48.
16. Loppi S. 2000. Lichen biomonitoring as a tool for assessing air quality in geothermal areas. In: Iglesis E., Blackwell D., Hunt T., Kund J., Tamanyu S., Kimbara K., eds. Proc. World Geothermal Congress 2000, Kyushu-Tohoku, Japan, 28 May 10 June, 2000, pp. 645 648.
17. Loppi, S., De Dominicis, V. 1996. Lichens as long-term biomonitors of air quality in central Italy. Acta Bot. Neerl. 45: 563 570.
18. Nimis, P.L. 1999. Linee-guida per la bioindicazione degli effetti dell inquinamento tramite la biodiversit dei licheni epifiti. In: Piccini, C., Salvati S., eds. Atti del Workshop Biomonitoraggio della qualit dell aria sul territorio nazionale , Rome, 26 27 November 1998, Agenzia Najionale per la Protezione dell Amblente (ANPA), Rome. pp. 267 277.
19. Seaward M.R.D., Letrouit-Galinou M.A. 1991. Lichen recolonization of trees in the Jardin du Luxembourg, Paris. Lichenologist 23: 181 186.

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Israel Journal of Plant Sciences — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation