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Light-driven movements of the primary leaves of bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.):A kinetic analysis

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The skotonastic and phototropic responses of primary leaves of bean (Phaseolusvulgaris L.) were studied, using one primary leaf as an untreated control for its treated twin. A sudden, drastic step-down in photon fluence rate, FFR, resulted in the typical skotonastic down folding. The magnitude and kinetics of this responsewere independent of the preceding FFR as well as of the initial laminar elevation (attransition). The skotonastic response was eventually followed by increase in laminarelevation, as part of a progressive adaptation to the new (very low) FFR. The pulvinus exhibited positive and reversible phototropic curvature in response to adaxial and lateral exposure to high FFR. Adaxial exposure at different stages of its adaptation to low FFR resulted in very similar positive phototropic responses (rate and magnitude). At saturation, abaxial exposure of the pulvinus to equivalent FFR resulted in full reversal, to the same level as exposure of both sectors to low FFR, coinciding with the level of the non-exposed controls. Pulvinar responses involve processes of solute transport, tightly coupled to transport of water. The results suggest that phototropic pulvinar responses and those that are part of the skotonastic and adaptation responses are not only different, but are also independent of each other and can take place simultaneously.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Plant Sciences, The Alexander Silberman Institute of Life Sciences, The Hebrew University of, Jerusalem


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