Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Germination and survival of endangered Pulsatilla grandis (ranunculaceae) after artificial seeding, as affected by various disturbances

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Israel Journal of Plant Sciences

Pulsatilla grandis is a rare and endangered species in Central Europe. A field experiment was set up to test the effects of disturbances on its germination and survival rates after artificial seeding. Disturbances were simulated by the following treatments: burning, hoeing, and removal of vegetation. The germination percentage decreased rapidly with time, to only 2% in 2-year-old fruits. The germination rate of fresh fruits was the highest in hoed plots (29.2 ± 12.9%), followed by removedvegetation plots (21.8 ± 17.3%) and burned plots (1.8 ± 2.2%). No germination was observed in control plots. The survival rate of seedlings was monitored over the next 5 years. In the year following the treatment, all the seedlings survived in the burned plots; in the hoed and in removed-vegetation plots, survival rates were 38.5 ± 2 and 55 ± 27%, respectively. Approximately half of them were alive after 5 years. Grassland vegetation in burned quadrates recovered very quickly, whereas in other disturbed plots the numbers of species and vegetation cover were very limited in the first year, but recovered in the following two years. In-seeding was successful as a short-term solution. As a long-term solution the traditional management procedures (mowing) must include a wider area and create disturbances by opening gaps within the closed grassland sward.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Biology, University of Maribor mitja.kaligaric@uni-mb.si ; 2: Department of Biology, University of Maribor ; 3: Faculty of Agriculture, University of Maribor ; 4: Centre for Cartography of Flora and Fauna ; 5: Department of Plant Sciences, Tel Aviv University

10.1560/Q170-4171-P887-1871
/content/journals/10.1560/q170-4171-p887-1871
dcterms_title,pub_keyword,dcterms_description,pub_author
10
5
Loading
Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1560/q170-4171-p887-1871
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Amler, K., Bahl, A., Henle, K., Kaule, G., Poschlod, P., Settele, J. 1999. Populationsbiologie in der Naturschutzpraxis. Isolation, Flachenbedarf und Biotopanspruche von Pflanzen und Tieren. Ulmer, Stuttgart (in German).
2. Austrheim, G., Olsson, E.G.A., GrøSntvedt, E. 1999. Land-use impact on plant communities in semi-natural sub-alpine grasslands of Budalen, central Norway. Biol. Conserv. 87: 369-379.
3. Bakker, J.P., Berendse, F. 2001. Constraints in the restoration of ecological diversity in grassland and heathland communities. Trends Ecol. Evol. 14: 63-68.
4. Bekker, R.M., Verweij, G.L., Smith, R.E.N., Reine, R., Bakker, J.R, Schneider, S. 1997. Soil seed banks in European grasslands: does land use affect regeneration perspective? J. Appl. Ecol. 34: 1293-1310.
5. Branovec, T. 2000. Statistčni letopis republike Slovenije 2000. Ljubljana (in Slovenian).
6. Danielsson, B. 1987. Anemone vernalis L. In: IngeløUg, T, Gustafsson, L., Thor, G., eds. Floravård i skogsbruket. Del 2-Artdel. JøUnkøUping, Sweden, pp. 48-49 (in Swedish).
7. Dyer, A.R. 2002. Burning and grazing management in a Californian grassland: effect on bunchgrass seed viability. Restor. Ecol. 10: 107-111.
8. Eriksson, A., Eriksson, O. 1997. Seedling recruitment in semi-natural pastures: the effects of disturbance, seed size, phenology and seed bank. Nord. J. Bot. 17: 469-482.
9. Eriksson, O., Ehrlén, J. 2001. Landscape fragmentation and viability of plant populations. In: Silvertown, J., Antonovics, J., eds. Integrating ecology and evolution in a spatial context. Blackwell, Oxford, pp. 157-175.
10. Fenster, C.B., Dudash, M.R. 1994. Genetic considerations in plant population conservation and restoration. In: Bowles, M.L., Whelan, C., eds. Restoration of endangered species: conceptual issues, planning and implementation. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 34-62.
11. Godicl, L. 1980. Stepska flora v severovzhodni Jugoslaviji. Razp. 4. razr. SAZU 22: 267-281 (in Slovenian).
12. Grime, J.P. 1977. Evidence for the existence of three primary strategies in plants in its relevance to ecological and evolutionary theory. Am. Nat. 111: 1169-1194.
13. Grime, J.P. 1979. Plant strategies and vegetation processes. Wiley, London.
14. Hegi, G. 1974. Illustrierte Flora von Mittel-Europa. Bd 3. Teil 3. P. Parey, Berlin (in German).
15. Henle, K., Lindenmayer, D.B., Margules, C.R., Saunders, D.A., Wissel, C. 2004. Species survival in fragmented landscapes: where are we now? Biodivers. Conserv. 13: 1-8.
16. Huxel, G.R., Hastings, A. 1999. Habitat loss, fragmentation and restoration. Restor. Ecol. 7: 309-315.
17. Kaligarič, M. 1998. The conservation of dry grasslands between the Mediterranean and Central Europe. Planta Europa Proceedings 9-14 June 1998, Uppsala, Sweden, pp. 271-275.
18. Kaligarič, M., Škornik, S. 2002. Variety of dry and semi-dry secondary grasslands (Festuco-Brometea) in Slovenia—contact area of different geoelements. Razp. 4. razr. SAZU 43: 227-246.
19. Kellner, O. 1993. Effects of nitrogen addition on the population dynamics and flowering of Pulsatilla vernalis. Can. J. Bot. 71: 732-736.
20. Keymer, R.J., Leach, S.J. 1990. Calcareous grassland—a limited resource in Britain. In: Hillier, S.H., Walton, D.W.H., Wells, D.A., eds. Calcareous grasslands—ecology and management. Bluntisham Books, Huntingdon, UK, pp. 11-17.
21. Kinzel, H. 1982. PflanzenøUkologie und Mineralstoffwechsel. E. Ulmer, Stuttgart (in German).
22. Lindborg, R., Eriksson, O. 2004. Historical landscape connectivity affects present plant species diversity. Ecology 85: 1840-1845.
23. Lindenmayer, D.B., Possingham, H.P., Lacy, R.C., McCarthy, M.A., Pope, M.L. 2003. How accurate are population models? Lessons from landscape-scale tests in a fragmented system. Ecol. Lett. 6: 41-47.
24. Martinčič, A., Wraber, T., Jogan, N., Ravnik, V., Podobnik, A., Turk, B., Vreš, B. 1999. Mala flora Slovenije. Kjuč za določanje praprotnic in semenk. Tehniška založba Slovenije, Ljubljana (in Slovenian).
25. Matus, G., TøAthmérész, B., Papp, M. 2003. Restoration prospects of abandoned species-rich sandy grassland in Hungary. Appl. Veg. Sci. 2: 169-178.
26. Muller, S. 2002. Diversity of management practices required to ensure conservation of rare and locally threatened plant species in grasslands: a case study at a regional scale (Lorraine, France). Biodivers. Conserv. 11: 1173-1184.
27. Oostermeijer, J.G.B., Luijten, S.H., Krenova, Z.V., Den Nijs, H.C.M. 1998. Relationships between population and habitat characteristics and reproduction of the rare Gentiana pneumonanthe L. Conserv. Biol. 12: 1042-1053.
28. Ostermann, O.P. 1998. The need for management of nature conservation sites designated under Natura 2000. J. Appl. Ecol. 35: 968-973.
29. Pavlovic, N.B. 1994. Disturbance-dependent persistence of rare plants: anthropogenic impacts and restoration implications. In: Bowles, M.L., Whelan, C.J., eds. Restoration of endangered species. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 159-193.
30. Pfadenhauer, J. 2001. Some remarks on the socio-cultural background of restoration ecology. Restor. Ecol. 9: 220-229.
31. Poschold, P., Kiefer, S., Tränkle, U., Fischer, S., Bonn, S. 1998. Plant species richness in calcareous grasslands as affected by dispersibility in space and time. Appl. Veg. Sci. 1: 75-90.
32. Possingham, H.P., Lindenmayer, D.B., McCarthy, M.A. 2001. Population viability analysis. In: Levin, S.A., ed. Encyclopedia of biodiversity. Academic Press, London, pp. 831-843.
33. Settele, J., Margules, C., Poschlod, P., Henle, K. 1996. Species survival in fragmented landscapes. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, the Netherlands.
34. Sokal, R.R., Rohlf, F.J. 1995. Biometry. W.H. Freeman, New York.
35. StatSoft, Inc. 1997. STATISTICA for Windows. Release 5.1 F (1997 edition). StatSoft, Inc. Tulsa, OK, USA.
36. Willems, J.H. 2001. Problems, approaches and results in restoration of Dutch calcareous grassland during the last 30 years. Restor. Ecol. 9: 147-154.
37. Wolkinger, F., Plank, S. 1981. Dry grasslands of Europe. Nature and Environment Series 21. Council of Europe, Strasbourg.
38. Zobel, M., Suurkask, M., Rosén, E., Pärtel, M. 1996. The dynamics of species richness in an experimentally restored calcareous grassland. J. Veg. Sci. 7: 203-210.
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1560/q170-4171-p887-1871
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1560/q170-4171-p887-1871
2006-05-13
2018-06-18

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Israel Journal of Plant Sciences — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation