Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Rumex rothschildianus, an endemic-to-Israel species, on the verge of global extinction

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Israel Journal of Plant Sciences

Rumex rothschildianus is a small dioecious annual, a sole member of a unique section in the genus Rumex. This very rare species is restricted to the light soils of the Sharon coastal plain in Israel. Here, this endemic sorrel was recorded from only 12sites. Until thirty years ago, it still existed in nine of these 12 localities. Several visits to each of these sites between 1995 and 1999 revealed that it is surviving today only in three of them. Only in one of these three sites a considerable population of several hundred individuals was found. The other two populations contain a few dozen plants each. Hence, there is a great danger that under the heavy urbanization of the coastal plain in Israel this sorrel will soon be extinct. If so, it will be the first endemic-to-Israel plant species which will be lost, and thus will be globally extinct. Immediate conservation measures should be taken to protect this very rare sorrel.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Evolution, Systematics and Ecology, The Hebrew University


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Wilby, A.S., Parker, J.S. 1988. Recurrent patterns of chromosome variation in a species group. Heredity 61: 55–62.
2. Oppenheimer, H.R., Evenari, M. 1940. Reliquiae Aaronsohnianae II. Florula Cisiordanica. (in French). Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève 31: 210–213.
3. Ainsworth, C., Parker, J.S., Buchanan-Wollaston, V. 1998. Sex determination in plants. Curr. Top. Dev. Biol. 38: 167–223.
4. Rottenberg, A. 1998. Sex ratio and gender stability in the dioecious plants of Israel. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 128: 137–148.
5. Korpelainen, H. 1991. Sex ratio variation and spatial segregation of the sexes in populations of Rumex acetosa and R. acetosella (Polygonaceae). Plant Syst. Evol. 174: 183– 195.
6. Pollak, G. 1984b The problems of threatened species on Hamra and Kurkar. Rotem 13: 56–68 (in Hebrew, English summary).
7. Fragman, O., Natan, R., Shmida A. 1999. The extinct plants of Israel. Ecology and Environment 5(4): 207–218 (in Hebrew, English summary).
8. Eig, A., Zohary, M., Feinbrun, N. 1931. The plants of Palestine, an analytical key. Hebrew University Press, Jerusalem (in Hebrew).
9. Rechinger, K.H. 1949. Rumices Asiatici. Vorarbeiten zu einer Monographie der Gattung Rumex VII. Candollea 12: 9– 152 (in German).
10. Zohary, M. 1966. Flora Palaestina. Vol. 1. Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.
11. Kutiel, P. and Sharon, H. 1996. Landscape changes in the last 50 years in the area of HaSharon Park, Israel. Ecology and Environment 3(3) 167–176 (in Hebrew).
12. Bawa, K.S. 1980. Evolution of dioecy in flowering plants. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 11: 15–39.
13. Pollak, G. 1984a. Rumex rothschildianus. Rotem 13: 139–141 (in Hebrew).
14. Dafni, A., Heyn, C.C. 1978. Rumex rothschildianus. In: Lucas, G., Synge, H., Eds. The IUCN plant red data book. IUCN, Morges, Switzerland.

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Israel Journal of Plant Sciences — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation