Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Feeding Ecology of Two Species of Perisesarma (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura: Sesarmidae) in Mandai Mangroves, Singapore

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

This Article is currently unavailable for purchase.
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

Cover image Placeholder

Abstract The feeding ecology of two species of sesarmid mangrove crabs, Perisesarma eumolpe (de Man, 1895) and P. indiarum (Tweedie, 1940), in Mandai Kechil, Singapore was studied through field observations and laboratory experiments. The latter comprised a series of three separate experiments to investigate mangrove leaf species preferences, leaf age preferences, and feeding rates on leaves. Results indicate: 1) both P. eumolpe and P. indiarum are mainly sediment grazers, but also feed on mangrove leaves and roots and occasionally animal matter; 2) both crab species prefer Avicennia alba Blume leaves to other, locally common, mangrove species, i.e., A. officinalis L, A. rumphiana Hallier f, Rhizophora apiculata Blume, Bruguiera gymnorhiza (L.) Sav.); 3) there is no significant preference for leaves of differing ages in the two species; and 4) no difference in daily fresh leaf consumption exists between the two crab species, with P. eumolpe consuming 22 ± 1.97 and P. indiarum consuming 14 ± 1.06 mg dry weight/wet mass g crab/day.

Affiliations: 1: (BPY, DCJY, PAT) Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, 14 Science Drive 4, Singapore 117543 (corresponding author (PAT):


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Altmann J. 1974 "Observational Study of Behaviour: Sampling Methods." Behaviour Vol 49 227 267
2. Ashton E. C. 2002 "Mangrove sesarmid crab feeding experiments in Peninsular Malaysia." Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology Vol 273 97 119
3. Ashton E. C. , Hogarth P. J. , Ormond R. 1999 "Breakdown of mangrove leaf litter in a managed mangrove forest in Peninsular Malaysia." Hydrobiologia Vol 413 77 88
4. Ashton E. C. , Macintosh D. J. , Hogarth P. J. 2003 "A baseline study of the diversity and community ecology of crab and molluscan macrofauna in the Sematan mangrove forest, Sarawak, Malaysia." Journal of Tropical Ecology Vol 19 127 142
5. Brger O. 1894 "Beitrge zur Kenntniss der Gattung Sesarma." Zoologische Jahrbucher (Systematics) Vol 7 613 631
6. Campbell B. M. 1967 "The Australian Sesarminae (Crustacea: Brachyura). Five species of Sesarma (Chiromantes)." Memoirs of the Queensland Museum Vol 15 1 1 19
7. Dahdouh-Guebas F. , Giuggioli M. , Oluoch A. , Vannini M. , Cannicci A. 1999 "Feeding habits of non-ocypodid crabs from two mangrove forests in Kenya." Bulletin of Marine Science Vol 64 291 297
8. Davie P. 2003 "A new species of Perisesarma (Crustacea: Brachyura: Sesarmidae) from the Bay of Bengal." Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Vol 51 387 391
9. Emmerson W. D. , McGwynne L. E. 1992 "Feeding and assimilation of mangrove leaves by the crab Sesarma meinerti de Man in relation to leaf-litter production in Mgazana, a warm-temperate southern African mangrove swamp." Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology Vol 157 41 53
10. Giddins R. L. , Lucas J. S. , Neilson M. J. , Richards G. N. 1986 "Feeding ecology of the mangrove crab Neosarmatium smithi (Crustacea: Decapoda: Sesarmidae)." Marine Ecology Progress Series Vol 33 147 155
11. Gillikin D. P. , Schubart C. D. 2004 "Ecology and systematics of mangrove crabs of the genus Perisesarma (Crustacea: Brachyura: Sesarmidae) from East Africa." Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society Vol 141 435 445
12. Lanchester W. F. 1900 "On a collection of crustaceans made at Singapore and Malacca. Part I. Brachyura." Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London Vol 1900 758
13. Lee S. Y. 1998 "Ecological role of grapsid crabs in mangrove ecosystems: a review." Marine and Freshwater Research Vol 49 335 343
14. Leh C. M U. , Sasekumar A. 1985 "The food of sesarmid crabs in Malaysian mangrove forests." Malayan Nature Journal Vol 39 135 145
15. Macintosh D. J. , Ashton E. C. , Havanon S. 2002 "Mangrove Rehabilitation and Intertidal Biodiversity: a Study in the Ranong Mangrove Ecosystem, Thailand." Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science Vol 55 331 345
16. Malley D. F. 1978 "Degradation of Mangrove Leaf Litter by the Tropical Sesarmid Crab Chiromanthes onychophorum." Marine Biology Vol 49 377 386
17. Man J. G De 1895 "Bericht ber die von Herrn Schiffscapitn Storm zu Atjeh, an den westlichen Ksten von Malakka, Borneo und Celebes sowie in der Java-See gesammelten Decapoden und Stomatopoden." Zweiter Theil. Zoologische Jahrbcher, Abteilung fr Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Thiere Vol 9 75 218
18. Micheli F. 1993a "Feeding ecology of mangrove crabs in North Eastern Australia: mangrove litter consumption by Sesarma messa and Sesarma smithii." Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology Vol 171 165 186
19. Micheli F. 1993b "Effect of mangrove litter species and availability on survival, moulting, and reproduction of the mangrove crab Sesarma messa." Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology Vol 171 149 163
20. Milne-Edwards A. 1869 "Rvision du genre Thelphuse et description de quelques espces nouvelles faisant partie de la collection du Musum." Nouvelles Archives du Musum d'Histoire Naturelle Vol 5 161 191 pls. 8-11
21. Milne Edwards H. 1853 "Mmoire sur la Famille des Ocypodiens." Annales des Sciences naturelles, Zoologie Vol 20 3 163 228 pls. 6-11
22. Neilson M. J. , Giddins R. L. , Richards G. N. 1986 "Effects of tannins on the palatability of mangrove leaves to the tropical sesarmid crab Neosarmatium smithi." Marine Ecology Progress Series Vol 34 185 186
23. Ng P. K L. , Sivasothi N. 2002 "A Guide to the Mangroves of Singapore 1." Singapore Science Centre
24. Robertson A. I. 1988 "Decomposition of mangrove leaf litter in tropical Australia." Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology Vol 116 235 267
25. Robertson A. I. , Daniel P. A. 1989 "The influence of crabs on litter processing in high intertidal mangrove forests in tropical Australia." Oecologia Vol 78 191 198
26. Sivasothi N. , Murphy D. H. , Ng P. K L. 1991 "Tree-climbing and herbivory of crabs in the Singapore mangroves, pp. 220-237. In, A. Sasekumar (ed.), Proceedings of a workshop on mangrove fisheries and connections: ASEAN-Australia Marine Science Project: Living Coastal Resources." Australia International Development Assistance Bureau, Australia
27. Skov M. W. , Hartnoll R. G. 2002 "Paradoxical selective feeding on a low-nutrient diet: why do mangrove crabs eat leaves?." Oecologia Vol 131 1 7
28. Smith T. J. , Boto K. G. , Frusher S. D. , Giddins R. L. 1991 "Keystone species and mangrove forest dynamics: the influence of burrowing by crabs on soil nutrient status and forest productivity." Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science Vol 33 419 432
29. Tan L. W H. , Ng P. K L. 1988 "A Guide to Seashore Life." Singapore Science Centre
30. Tweedie M. W F. 1940 "New and interesting Malaysian species of Sesarma and Utica (Crustacea Brachyura)." Bulletin of the Raffles Museum Vol 16 88 113
31. Underwood A. J. 1997 "Experiments in Ecology." Cambridge University Press, United Kingdom
32. Zhou S. J. , Shirley T. C. , Kruse G. H. 1998 "Feeding and Growth of the Red King Crab Paralithodes camtschaticus under laboratory conditions." Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 18 337 345

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation