Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Growth and Reproduction of the Portunid Crab Charybdis Bimaculata (Decapoda: Brachyura) in Tokyo Bay

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Journal of Crustacean Biology

Abstract The abundance, sex ratio, growth, sexual maturity, morphological sex dimorphism, and reproduction of the portunid crab Charybdis bimaculata was studied in Tokyo Bay, Japan, between November 2002 and October 2003. Relative abundance [inferred from catch-per-unit-effort (CPUE)] was higher and lower during summer and winter months, respectively. The proportion of males varied between 0.2-0.5 throughout the year and the overall sex ratio was greatly biased toward females. The population had a unimodal size frequency distribution and the life-span was estimated to be about one year. Growth was not depressed in winter and was adequately described by the von Bertalanffy growth equation. The puberty molt in males brought about changes in the relative size of the chelipeds and gonopods and was estimated to occur within a carapace length (CL) range of 12.50-16.00 mm. Puberty in females was evidenced by a sharp increase in the pleon width and was estimated to occur at CLs between 11.34 and 16.74 mm. Morphological sexual dimorphism was observed in all features which showed secondary sexual development (cheliped dimensions, carapace and pleon width, and body weight). Ovarian development was uniformly arrested only during winter but began developing in early spring, and mating (insemination) increased in frequency between spring and summer. Ovigerous females were found in all seasons except for winter, but were more common during the warmer months. Batch fecundity ranged from 8,300 to 38,400 eggs per female and was positively correlated with body size. C. bimaculata displays the typical reproductive features and spawning pattern of temperate portunid crabs in spite of its short life-span.

Affiliations: 1: (SW, corresponding author:; WD,; MY,; CS, Department of Marine Biosciences, Faculty of Marine Science, Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology, 4-5-7 Konan, Minato-ku, Tokyo, 108-8477, Japan


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Abell P. , Pertierra J. P. , Reid D. G. 1990 "Sexual size dimorphism, relative growth and handedness in Liocarcinus depurator and Macropipus tuberculatus (Brachyura: Portunidae)." Scientia Marina Vol 54 195 202
2. Ai K. , Yamazaki A. 1995 "Reproductive ecology of the swimming crab Portunus trituberculatus in the inner area of Tokyo Bay; Especially concerning the biological minimum size and the spawning season and the mating season." Bulletin of Chiba Prefectural Fisheries Experiment Station Vol 53 17 21 In Japanese.
3. Akaike H. 1973 "Information theory and an extension of the maximum likelihood principle, pp. 267-281." In, B. N. Petrov and F. Cski (eds.), 2nd International Symposium on Information Theory. Akdmiai Kiad, Budapest
4. Anonymous. 1974 "Small crabs in Beppu Bay." Annual Report of the Shallow Sea Laboratory, Oita Prefectural Fisheries Experimental Station (1972): 81-84. In Japanese.
5. Ariyama H. 1992 "Molting and growth of the swimming crab Portunus (Portunus) trituberculatus reared in the laboratory." Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi Vol 58 1799 1805 In Japanese with English abstract.
6. Ariyama H. 1993 "Growth of swimming crabs Portunus (Portunus) trituberculatus in Osaka Bay." Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi Vol 59 1269 1277 In Japanese with English abstract.
7. Ariyama H. 1996 "Life history of the red-spotted swimming crab Portunus (Portunus) sanguinolentus in Osaka Bay." Benthos Research Vol 51 1 8 In Japanese with English abstract.
8. Balasubramanian C. P. , Suseelan C. 2001 "Distribution and population structure of deep-water crab Charybdis smithii (Decapoda: Portunidae) in the Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal." Bulletin of Marine Science Vol 68 435 449
9. Behrens Yamada S. , Dumbauld B. R. , Kalin A. , Hunt C. E. , Figlar-Barnes R. , Randall A. 2005 "Growth and persistence of a recent invader Carcinus maenas in estuaries of the northeastern Pacific." Biological Invasions Vol 7 309 321
10. Choy S. C. 1988 "Reproductive biology of Liocarcinus puber and L. holsatus (Decapoda, Brachyura, Portunidae) from the Gower Peninsula, South Wales." Marine Ecology Vol 9 227 241
11. Chu K. H. 1999 "Morphometric analysis and reproductive biology of the crab Charybdis affinis (Decapoda, Brachyura, Portunidae) from the Zhujiang Estuary, China." Crustaceana Vol 72 647 658
12. Davidson R. J. , Marsden I. D. 1987 "Size relationship and relative growth of the New Zealand swimming crab Ovalipes catharus (White, 1843)." Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 7 308 317
13. De Haan W. 1833-1850 "Crustacea. Pp. i-xxxi, ix-xvi, 1-243, pls. A-J, L-Q, 1-55, tables 1-2 in I. P. F. von Siebold. Fauna Japonica sive Descriptio Animalium, quae in itinere per Japoniam, jussu et auspiciis superiorum, qui summum in India Batavia imperium tenent, suscepto, annis 1823-1830 collegit, notis, observationibus et adumbrationibus illustravit P. F. de Siebold. Conjunctis studiis C. J. Temminck et H. Schlegel pro Vertebratis atque W. de Haan pro Invertebratis elaborata Regis aupicus edita." Lugduni-Batavorum, Leiden
14. De Lestang S. , Hall N. , Potter I. C. 2003 "Changes in density, age composition, and growth rate of Portunus pelagicus in a large embayment in which fishing pressures and environmental conditions have been altered." Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 23 908 919
15. Dineen J. F. , Clark P. F. , Hines A. H. , Reed S. A. , Walton H. P. 2001 "Life history, larval description, and natural history of Charybdis hellerii (Decapoda, Brachyura, Portunidae), an invasive crab in the western Atlantic." Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 21 774 805
16. Doi W. , Watanabe S. , Shimizu T. 2004 "Species diversity and distribution of crab collected from Tokyo Bay by monitoring survey of benthic fauna." Bulletin of the Kanagawa Prefectural Fisheries Research Institute Vol 9 13 18 In Japanese with English abstract.
17. Doi W. , Lwin Than Than , Yokota M. , Strssmann C. A. , Watanabe S. 2007 "Maturity and reproduction of goneplacid crab Carcinoplax vestita (Decapoda, Brachyura) in Tokyo Bay." Fisheries Science Vol 73 331 340
18. Forward R. B Jr , Tankersley R. A. , Pochelon P. N. 2003 "Circatidal activity rhythms in ovigerous blue crabs, Callinectes sapidus: implications for ebb-tide transport during the spawning migration." Marine Biology Vol 142 67 76
19. Furota T. 1996a "Life cycle studies on the introduced spider crab Pyromaia tuberculata (Lockington) (Brachyura: Majidae). I. Egg and larval stages." Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 16 71 76
20. Furota T. 1996b "Life cycle studies on the introduced spider crab Pyromaia tuberculata (Lockington) (Brachyura: Majidae). II. Crab stage and reproduction." Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 16 77 91
21. Furota T. 1997 "Ecosystem and Environmental Status in Tokyo Bay, pp. 1-41." In, M. Numata and T. Furota (eds.), Biology in Tokyo Bay. Tsukiji Shyokan, Tokyo. In Japanese.
22. Furota T. , Watanabe S. , Watanabe T. , Akiyama S. , Kinoshita K. 1999 "Life history of the Mediterranean green crab, Carcinus aestuarii Nardo, in Tokyo Bay, Japan." Crustacean Research Vol 28 5 15
23. Haddon M. 2001 "Modelling and Quantitative Methods in Fisheries." Chapman and Hall, Boca Raton. 406 pp
24. Hamasaki K. 1996 "Study on the reproduction and development of the swimming crab, Portunus trituberculatus." Special Scientific Report of Japan Sea-Farming Association 8: 124 pp. In Japanese with English summary.
25. Hartnoll R. G. 1974 "Variation in growth pattern between some secondary sexual characters in crabs (Decapoda Brachyura)." Crustaceana Vol 27 131 136
26. Hartnoll R. G. 1978 "The determination of relative growth in Crustacea." Crustaceana Vol 34 281 293
27. Hartnoll R. G. 1982 "Growth, pp. 111-196." In, L. G. Abele (ed.), The Biology of Crustacea, vol. 2. Embryology, Morphology and Genetics. Academic Press, New York
28. Hartnoll R. G. 1985 "Growth, sexual maturity and reproductive output, pp. 101-128." In, A. E. Wernner (ed.), Crustacean Issue 3. Factors in Adult Growth, A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam
29. Heo Y. , Fuseya R. , Yokota M. , Watanabe S. 2003 "Genetic relationship between the 8 species of genus Charybdis." Aquaculture Science Vol 51 349 354 In Japanese with English abstract.
30. Herbst J. F W. 1783 "Versuch einer Naturgeschichte der Krabben und Krebse, nebst einer systematischen Beschreibung ihrer verschiedenen Arten." Joh. Casper Fuessly, Zrich Vol 1 87 182 pls. 2-4
31. Herbst J. F W. 1794 "Versuch einer Naturgesichte der Krabben und Krebse, nebst einer systematischen Beschreibung ihrer verschiedenen Arten, Gottlieb, August und Lange,." Berlin und Stralsund Vol 2 147 162 pls. 37-40
32. Hill B. J. 1994 "Offshore spawning by the portunid crab Scylla serrata (Crustacea: Decapoda)." Marine Biology Vol 120 379 384
33. Hwang S-G. , Kim C-H. 1995 "Complete larval development of the swimming crab, Charybdis bimaculata (Miers, 1886) (Crustacea, Brachyura, Portunidae), reared in laboratory." Korean Journal of Zoology Vol 38 465 482
34. Imai H. , Akiyama N. , Hamasaki K. , Sekiya S. , Hayashi S. 1998 "Annual reproductive cycle of the female swimming crab, Portunus trituberculatus off the coast of Shimizu city, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan." Aquaculture Science Vol 46 75 82 In Japanese with English abstract.
35. Kim K. B. 2001 "Growth and reproduction of Charybdis japonica (A. Milne-Edwards) (Decapoda: Portunidae) in Korean waters." Ph.D. thesis, Pukyong National University, Pukyong. 173 pp. In Korean with English abstract.
36. Knuckey I. A. 1996 "Maturity in male mud crabs, Scylla serrata, and the use of mating scars as a functional indicator." Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 16 487 495
37. Kodama K. , Aoki I. , Shimizu M. , Taniuchi T. 2002 "Long-term changes in the assemblage of demersal fishes and invertebrates in relation to environmental variations in Tokyo Bay, Japan." Fisheries Management and Ecology Vol 9 303 313
38. Kurata H. , Matsuda T. 1980 "Larval stages of parthenopid crab, Parthenope validus, reared in the laboratory and variation of egg size among crabs." Bulletin of the Nansei Regional Fisheries Research Laboratory Vol 12 31 42
39. Kubo I. , Asada E. 1957 "A quantitative study on crustacean bottom epifauna of Tokyo Bay." Journal of the Tokyo University of Fisheries Vol 43 249 289
40. Kume G. , Yamaguchi A. , Taniuchi T. 1999 "Feeding habits of the cardinalfish Apogon lineatus in Tokyo Bay, Japan." Fisheries Science Vol 65 420 423
41. Lee H. , Hsu C. 2003 "Population biology of the swimming crab Portunus sanguinolentus in the waters off northern Taiwan." Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 23 691 699
42. Lee J. T. , Coleman R. A. , Jones M. B. 2005 "Population dynamics and growth of juveniles of the velvet swimming crab Necora puber (Decapoda: Portunidae)." Marine Biology Vol 148 609 619
43. Lee S. Y. 1995 "Cheliped size and structure: the evolution of a multifunctional decapod organ." Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology Vol 193 161 171
44. Linnaeus C. 1758 "Systema Naturae, per regna tria naturae, secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis." Decima, reformata. I, Regnum animale, Laurentius Salvius, Holmiae. 823 pp
45. Lockington W. N. 1877 "Remarks on the Crustacea of the Pacific coast, with descriptions of some new species." Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences Vol 7 28 36
46. McLeay W. S. 1838 "Illustrations of the Annulosa of South Africa." On the Brachyurous Decapod Crustacea brought from the Cape by Dr. Smith-in: Andrew Smith: Illustrations of the Zoology of South Africa, Invertebratae, pp. 53-71
47. Mantelatto F. L M. , Garcia R. B. 2001 "Biological aspects of the nonindigenous portunid crab Charybdis hellerii in the western tropical south Atlantic." Bulletin of Marine Science Vol 68 469 477
48. Miers E. J. 1876 "Descriptions of some new species of Crustacea, chiefly from New Zealand." Annals and Magazine of Natural History Series 4 Vol 17 218 229
49. Miers E. J. 1886 "Report of the Brachyura collected by H. M. S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876, pp. 1-362." In, C. W. Thomson and J. Murray (eds.), Report of the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H. M. S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876, Zoology. Johnson Reprints, New York
50. Mile-Edwards A. 1861 "Etudes zoologiques sur les Crustacs rcents de la famille des Portuniens." Annales Musum National D'Histoire Naturelle Vol 10 309 428
51. Miyake S. 1998 "Japanese Crustacean Decapods and Stomatopods in Color, Vol. II. Brachyura (Crabs)." Hoikusha, Osaka. 277 pp. In Japanese.
52. Nardo G. D. 1847 "Prospetto della Fauna marina volgare del Veneto estuario, con cenni sulle principali specie commestibili dell' Adriatico, ecc. Venezia." 44 pp. Extracted from Venezia e le sue Lagune.
53. Narita T. , Sekiguchi H. 2002 "Food habits of crabs in Ise Bay, central Japan." Japanese Journal of Benthology Vol 57 1 12 In Japanese with English abstract.
54. Narita T. , Ganmanee M. , Sekiguchi H. 2008 "Population dynamics of portunid crab Charybdis bimaculata in Ise Bay, central Japan." Fisheries Science Vol 74 28 40
55. Narita T. , Hossain M. , Sekiguchi H. 2003 "Seasonal and interannual variations in biomass and abundance of megabenthos in Ise Bay, central Japan." Benthos Research Vol 58 75 85
56. Ogawa Y. 1997 "Population biology of Charybdis japonica in the area beyond Tajiri of Hiroshima Prefecture." Reports of Seto-Inland Sea Stocks and Ocean Research Association Vol 3 31 38 In Japanese.
57. Ogawa Y. 1998 "Distribution and ecology of small crabs in the east of Akinonada sea." Reports of Seto-Inland Sea Stocks and Ocean Research Association Vol 4 37 53 In Japanese.
58. Padayatti P. S. 1990 "Notes on population characteristics and reproductive biology of the portunid crab Charybdis (Charybdis) feriatus (Linnaeus) at Cochin." Indian Journal of Fisheries Vol 37 155 158
59. Potter I. C. , Chrystal P. J. , Loneragan N. R. 1983 "The biology of the blue manna crab Portunus pelagicus in an Australian estuary." Marine Biology Vol 78 75 85
60. Reid D. M. , Corey S. 1991 "Comparative fecundity of decapod crustacean, II. The fecundity of fifteen species of anomuran and brachyuran crabs." Crustaceana Vol 61 175 189
61. Rewitz K. , Styrishave B. , Depledge M. H. , Andersen O. 2004 "Spatial and temporal distribution of shore crabs Carcinus maenas in a small tidal estuary (Looe Estuary, Cornwal, England)." Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 24 178 187
62. Shiota K. , Kitada S. 1992 "Life history of swimming crab in Hiuchi Nada, Seto Inland Sea estimated from marking experiments." Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi Vol 58 2297 2302 In Japanese with English abstract.
63. Sumpton W. D. 1990a "Morphometric growth and fisheries biology of the crab, Charybdis natator (Herbst) in Moreton Bay, Australia (Decapoda, Brachyura)." Crustaceana Vol 59 113 120
64. Sumpton W. D. 1990b "Biology of the rock crab Charybdis natator (Herbst) (Brachyura: Portunidae)." Bulletin of Marine Science Vol 46 425 431
65. van Couwelaar M. , Angel M. V. , Madin L. P. 1997 "The distribution and biology of the swimming crab Charybdis smithii McLeay, 1838 (Crustacea; Brachyura; Portunidae) in the NW Indian Ocean." Deep-Sea Research II Vol 44 1251 1280
66. van der Meeren G. I. 1992 "Location of spawning shore crabs, Carcinus maenas (L., 1758) (Decapoda, Brachyura)." Crustaceana Vol 63 92 93
67. Wenner A. M. 1972 "Sex ratio as a function of size in marine crustacea." American Naturalist Vol 106 321 350
68. Yamaguchi A. , Taniuchi T. 2000 "Food variations and ontogenic dietary shift of the starspotted-dogfish Mustelus manazo at five locations in Japan and Taiwan." Fisheries Science Vol 66 1039 1048
69. Yamaguchi T. , Tokunaga S. 1995 "Cheliped handedness in four species of Charybdis, Portunus and Thalamita (Brachyura: Portunidae)." Crustacean Research Vol 24 33 38
70. Yatsuzuka K. 1952 "The metamorphosis and growth of the larva of Charybdis japonica A. Milne Edward." Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi Vol 17 353 358 In Japanese with English abstract.

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Journal of Crustacean Biology — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation