Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

The Invasive Crayfish Orconectes Limosus in Lake Varese: Estimating Abundance and Population Size Structure in the Context of Habitat and Methodological Constraints

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

This Article is currently unavailable for purchase.
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

Abstract Invasive alien species (IAS) potentially may alter all levels of the ecological organization of aquatic water bodies. Therefore, in the context of the EU Water Framework Directive, they represent a significant pressure that should be considered in the assessment of the ecological status of a water body and in the formation of restorative programs. A study was carried out to examine different sampling techniques and to assess the current population structure and the differences in spatial distribution of the alien crayfish Orconectes limosus at four sites in Lake Varese (Northern Italy). Three methods were used to assess the crayfish population: mark-recapture, catch per unit effort during night-time snorkelling and quadrat sampling. For the mark-recapture exercise the ventral somites of crayfish were marked using visible implant elastomer tags. A laboratory experiment was used to verify the effectiveness of elastomer tags for the species prior to their use in the field. Crayfish were more abundant at sites characterized by stone substrate than at sites dominated by macrophytes. Hydromorphological alteration of the shoreline (quantified using the newly developed lake habitat survey methodology) at one site appeared to promote the establishment of alien crayfish. Crayfish caught by snorkeling in open water led to an underestimation of the smallest size-classes compared with underwater quadrats. Underwater quadrats on stone substrates provide a quantitative estimation of abundance and size-structure allowing the comparisons of crayfish populations from different lakes. This method could be applied to assess the extent of pressure resulting from alien crayfish under the Water Framework Directive. Crayfish biomass was found to be 82.9% of other macroinvertebrates indicating their importance in the structure and functioning of the lake ecosystem. The presence of a second alien species of crayfish, Procambarus clarkii, was recorded for the first time in the lake.

Affiliations: 1: a (FP, correspondence) Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Joint Research Centre, Via E. Fermi 2749, I-21027 Ispra, Va, Italy ( ; 2: b (GF) Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Joint Research Centre, Via E. Fermi 2749, I-21027 Ispra, Va, Italy ( ; 3: f (GC) University of Insubria, Via Dunant 3, I-21100 Varese, Italy ( ; 4: c (FS) Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Joint Research Centre, Via E. Fermi 2749, I-21027 Ispra, Va, Italy ( ; 5: d (MG) Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Joint Research Centre, Via E. Fermi 2749, I-21027 Ispra, Va, Italy ( ; 6: e (ACC) Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Joint Research Centre, Via E. Fermi 2749, I-21027 Ispra, Va, Italy (


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Aguiar F. C. , Ferreira M. T. , Albuquerque A. , Moreira I. 2007 "Alien and endemic flora at reference and non-reference sites in Mediterranean-type streams in Portugal." Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems Vol 17 335 347
2. APAT, CNR-IRSA. 2004 "Metodi analitici per le acque." APAT, Manuali e linee guida 29/2003, Roma, pp. 1153
3. Bubb D. H. , Lucas M. C. , Thom T. J. , Rycroft P. 2002 "The potential use of PIT telemetry for identifying and tracking crayfish in their natural environment." Hydrobiologia Vol 483 225 230
4. Byrne C. F. , Lynch J. M. , Bracken J. J. 1999 "A sampling strategy for stream populations of white-clawed crayfish, Austropotamobius pallipes (Lereboullet) (Crustacea, Astacidae)." Biology and environment: proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy Vol 99b 89 94
5. Capelli G. M. , Magnuson J. J. 1983 "Morphoedaphic and biogeographic analysis of crayfish distribution in northern Wisconsin." Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 3 548 564
6. Clark J. M. , Kershner M. 2006 "Size-dependent effects of visible implant elastomer marking on crayfish (Orconectes obscurus) growth, mortality, and tag retention." Crustaceana Vol 79 275 284
7. Dana J. D. 1852 "United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842 under the Command of Charles Wilkes. U.S.N." Crustacea, vol. 13, Philadelphia, pp. 685
8. Duriš Z. , Drozd P. , Hork I. , Kozk P. , Policar T. 2006 "Biometry and demography of the invasive crayfish Orconectes limosus in the Czech Republic." Bulletin Francais de la Pêche et de la Pisciculture Vol 380-381 1215 1228
9. European Community. 2000 "Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2000 establishing a framework for Community action in the field of water policy." Official Journal of the European Communities Vol L327 1 72
10. European Community. 2006 "Halting the loss of biodiversity by 2010 - and beyond. Sustaining ecosystem services for human well-being." COM: 216
11. EPA. 1993 "Method 300.0. Methods for the determination of inorganic substances in environmental samples (EPA/600/R-93/100)." US Environmental Protection Agency
12. Evans H. 2006 "Top ten most unwanted foreign species." (accessed 22/11/2006), document reference: TC164/06IJ
13. Favreau J. M. , Drew C. A. , Hess G. R. , Rubino M. J. , Koch F. H. , Eschelbach K. A. 2006 "Recommendations for assessing the effectiveness of surrogate species approaches." Biodiversity and Conservation Vol 15 3949 3969
14. Frisch A. J. , Hobbs J-P. A. 2006 "Long-term retention of internal elastomer tags in a wild population of painted crayfish (Panulirus versicolor Latreille) on the Great Barrier Reef." Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology Vol 339 104 110
15. Gherardi F. 2006 "Crayfish invading Europe: the case study of Procambarus clarkii." Marine and Freshwater Behaviour and Physiology Vol 39 175 191
16. Gherardi F. 2007 "Understanding the impact of invasive crayfish, pp. 507-542." In, F. Gherardi (ed.), Biological invaders in inland waters: profiles, distribution, and threats. Invading Nature: Springer Series in Invasion Ecology. Springer, Dordrecht
17. Gherardi F. , Acquistapace P. 2007 "Invasive crayfish in Europe: the impact of Procambarus clarkii on the littoral community of a Mediterranean lake." Freshwater Biology Vol 52 1249 1259
18. Gherardi F. , Baldaccini G. N. , Ercolini P. , Barbaresi S. , De Luise G. , Mazzoni D. , Mori M. 1999 "The situation in Italy, pp. 107-128." In, F. Gherardi and D. M. Holdich (eds.), Crayfish in Europe as Alien Species. How to Make the Best of a Bad Situation? A.A.Balkema, Rotterdam
19. Gherardi F. , Barbaresi S. , Salvi G. 2000 "Spatial and temporal patterns in the movement of Procambarus clarkii, an invasive crayfish." Aquatic Sciences Vol 62 179 193
20. Gherardi F. , Lazzara L. 2006 "Effects of the density of an invasive crayfish (Procambarus clarkii) on pelagic and surface microalgae in a Mediterranean wetland." Archiv fr Hydrobiologie Vol 165 401 414
21. Girard C. 1852 "A revision of the North American Astaci, with observations on their habits and geographic distribution." Proceedings of Academy of Natural sciences of Philadelphia Vol 6 87 91
22. Guan R. , Wiles P. R. 1996 "Growth, density and biomass of crayfish, Pacifastacus leniusculus, in a British lowland river." Aquatic Living Resources Vol 9 265 272
23. Hamr P. 2002 "Orconectes, pp. 585-608." In, D. M. Holdich (ed.), Biology of Freshwater Crayfish. MPG Books Ltd., Bodmin, Cornwall, Great Britain
24. Haertel-Borer S. S. , Zak D. , Eckmann R. , Baade U. , Hlker F. 2005 "Population Density of the Crayfish, Orconectes limosus, in Relation to Fish and Macroinvertebrate Densities in a Small Mesotrophic Lake - Implications for the Lake's Food Web." International Review of Hydrobiology Vol 90 523 533
25. Hagen H. A. 1870 "Monograph of the North American Astacidae." Illustrated Catalogue of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College Vol 3 1 109
26. Hein C. L. , Roth B. M. , Ives A. R. , Vander Zanden M. J. 2006 "Fish predation and trapping for rusty crayfish (Orconectes rusticus) control: a whole-lake experiment." Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences Vol 63 383 393
27. Heiri O. , Lotter A. F. , Lemcke G. 2001 "Loss on ignition as a method for estimating organic and carbonate content in sediments: reproducibility and comparability of results." Journal of Paleolimnology Vol 25 101 110
28. Henttonen P. , Huner J. V. 1999 "The introduction of alien species of crayfish in Europe: A historical introduction, pp. 13-21." In, F. Gherardi and D. M. Holdich (eds.), Crayfish in Europe as Alien Species. How to Make the Best of a Bad Situation? A.A.Balkema, Rotterdam
29. ISO 11277. 1998 "Soil quality - determination of particle size distribution in mineral soil material." Method by sieving and sedimentation. International Organization for Standardization. Geneve, Switzerland
30. IUCN. 2000 "IUCN guidelines for the prevention of biodiversity loss caused by alien invasive species." Approved by the 51st Meeting of the IUCN Council, Gland, Switzerland, February 2000.
31. IMPRESS. 2003 "Common implementation strategy for the Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC), guidance document 3, analysis of pressures and impacts." Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg.
32. Kimker A. , Donaldson W. , Bechtol W. R. 1996 "Spot Shrimp Growth in Unakwik Inlet, Prince William Sound, Alaska." Alaska Fishery Research Bulletin Vol 3 1 8
33. Lamontagne S. , Rasmussen J. B. 1993 "Estimating crayfish density in lakes using quadrats: maximizing precision and efficiency." Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences Vol 50 623 626
34. Latreille P. A. 1804 "Des langoustes du Musum National d'Histoire Naturelle." Annales Musum Histoire Naturelle Paris Vol 3 388 395
35. Lodge D. M. , Hill A. M. 1994 "Factors governing species composition, population size, and productivity of cool-water crayfishes." Nordic Journal of Freshwater Research Vol 69 111 136
36. Mack R. N. , Simberloff D. , Lonsdale W. M. , Evans H. , Clout M. , Bazzaz F. A. 2000 "Biotic Invasions: Causes, Epidemiology, Global Consequences and Control." Ecological Applications Vol 10 689 710
37. Mackereth F. J H. , Heron J. , Talling J. F. 1989 "Water analysis." Freshwater Biological Association, Cumbria: 120 pp
38. Mackie G. L. 1991 "Biology of the exotic zebra mussel, Dreissena polymorpha, in relation to native bivalves and its potential impact in Lake St. Clair." Hydrobiologia Vol 219 251 268
39. Momot W. T. 1995 "Redefining the role of crayfish in aquatic ecosystems." Reviews in Fisheries Science Vol 3 33 63
40. Nystrm P. 2002 "Ecology." In, D. M. Holdich (ed.), Biology of Freshwater Crayfish. MPG Books Ltd., Bodmin, Cornwall, Great Britain, pp. 192-235
41. Nystrm P. , Brnmark C. , Granli W. 1999 "Influence of an exotic and a native crayfish species on a littoral benthic community." Oikos Vol 85 545 553
42. Palmer M. 1992 "A botanical classification of standing waters in Great Britain and a method for the use of macrophyte flora in assessing changes in water quality incorporating a reworking of data 1992." Research and Survey in Nature Conservation, No. 19, Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough
43. Perry W. L. , Lodge D. M. , Lamberti G. A. 1997 "Impact of crayfish predation on exotic zebra mussels and native invertebrates in a lake-outlet stream." Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences Vol 54 120 125
44. Perry W. L. , Feder J. L. , Lodge D. M. 2001 "Implications of hybridization between introduced and resident Orconectes crayfishes." Conservation Biology Vol 15 1656 1666
45. Phillips G. L. , Eminson D. , Moss B. 1978 "A mechanism to account for macrophyte decline in progressively eutrophicated freshwaters." Aquatic Botany Vol 4 103 126
46. Pieplow U. 1938 "Cited in J." Kossakowski. 1971. Crayfish. Translated from Polish. U.S. Dep. Commerce. National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Va, 163 pp
47. Rafinesque C. S. 1817 "Synopsis of four new genera and ten new species of Crustacea, found in the United States." American Monthly Magazine Vol 2 40 43
48. REFCOND. 2003 "Common implementation strategy for the Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC), guidance document 10, river and lakes - typology, reference conditions and classification systems." Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg.
49. Rowan J. S. , Carwardine J. , Duck R. W. , Bragg O. M. , Black A. R. , Cutler M. E J. , Soutar I. , Boon P. J. 2006 "Development of a technique for Lake Habitat Survey (LHS) with applications for the European Union Water Framework Directive." Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems Vol 16 637 657
50. Rowan J. S. , Duck R. W. , Carwardine J. , Bragg O. M. , Black A. R. , Cutler M. E J. 2004 "Development of a technique for lake habitat survey (LHS): phase 1." SNIFFER, Edinburgh.
51. Sala O. E. , Chapin F. S. , Armesto J. J. , Berlow E. , Bloomfield J. , Dirzo R. , Huber-Sanwald E. , Huenneke L. F. , Jackson R. B. , Kinzig A. , Leemans R. , Lodge D. M. , Mooney H. A. , Oesterheld M. , LeRoy Poff N. , Sykes M. T. , Walker B. H. , Walker M. , Wall D. H. 2000 "Global Biodiversity Scenarios for the Year 2100." Science Vol 287 1770 1774
52. Soil Survey Division Staff. 1993 "Soil survey manual. Soil Conservation Service." U.S. Department of Agriculture Handbook 18
53. Szaniawska A. , Normant M. , Michaowska M. , Kamiska A. 2005 "Morphometric characters of the freshwater American crayfish, Orconectes limosus Raf., from the vistula lagoon (Poland)." Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies Vol 34 195 207
54. Tartari G. , Monguzzi C. , Buraschi E. , Di Pasquale D. , Cattaneo O. , Lucchelli M. , Rossi S. , Bartesaghi G. , Paleari M. , Bolis B. , Magni D. 2005 "Osservatorio dei Laghi Lombardi." Qualit delle acque lacustri in Lombardia. 1 Rapporto OLL - 2004. Fondazione Lombardia per l'Ambiente
55. Westman K. , Pursiainen M. 1982 "Size and structure of crayfish (Astacus astacus) populations on different habitats in Finland." Hydrobiologia Vol 86 67 72
56. Welcomme R. L. 1988 "International introductions of inland aquatic species." FAO Fisheries Technical Paper 294, 318 pp
57. Zaccara S. , Canziani A. , Roella V. , Crosa G. 2007 "A northern Italian shallow lake as a case-study for eutrophication control." Limnology Vol 8 155 160

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation