Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Freshwater Prawns (Macrobrachium Bate, 1868) of Taiwan with Special References to Their Biogeographical Origins and Dispersion Routes

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

This Article is currently unavailable for purchase.
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

Cover image Placeholder

Abstract Freshwater prawns of the genus Macrobrachium of Taiwan are diverse, rich in amphidromous species, but poor in land-locked and endemic species. The fauna showed higher similarity to those of the Philippine Islands and Ryukyu Islands than that of the China mainland. Based on their geographical distribution patterns in the Indo-Pacific region and their phylogenetic relations reconstructed from the nuclear 28S rDNA sequences, we hypothesize their most likely biogeographical origins and dispersion routes. For the 16 known species of Macrobrachium of Taiwan, 13 species were amphidromous. Their biogeographical origins were: 1) in the eastern region of tropical Southeast Asia islands, dispersing to Taiwan through the Philippines islands for M. australe, M. lar, M. latimanus, M. gracilirostre, M. jaroense, M. esculentum, M. lepidactyloides, and M. placidulum; 2) in the western region of tropical Southeast Asia islands, dispersing to Taiwan through the Philippines and/or mainland China for M. equidens, M. latidactylus, and M. mammillodactylus; 3) in mainland China for M. formosense; and 4) on the island of Taiwan for M. japonicum. For the remaining three species, M. asperulum, a land-locked prawn, and M. nipponense, a non-obligatory amphidromous prawn, originated in mainland China. M. shaoi is the only endemic prawn to Taiwan and its life cycle is still unknown.

Affiliations: 1: a (RTC, WNT) Institute of Fisheries Science, College of Life Science, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan (corresponding author:;


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Albertoni E. F. , Palma-Silva C. , Esteves F. A. 1999 "Larvae and post-larvae of Penaeidae and Palaemonidae in coastal lagoons of the north of Rio De Janeiro (Maca, RJ)." Revista Brasileira de Biologia Vol 59 109 117
2. Bate C. S. 1868 "On a new genus, with four new species of freshwater prawns." Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Vol 1868 363 368
3. Cai Y. , Dai A. Y. 1999 "Freshwater shrimps (Crustacea: Decapoda: Caridea) from the Xishuangbanna region of Yunnan Province, southern China." Hydrobiologia Vol 400 211 241
4. Cai Y. , Jeng M. S. 2001 "On a new species of Macrobrachium Bate, 1868 (Decapoda, Palaemonidae) from northern Taiwan." Crustaceana Vol 74 275 283
5. Cai Y. , Ng P. K. L. 2001 "The freshwater decapod crustaceans of Halmahera, Indonesia." Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 21 665 695
6. Cai Y. , Ng P. K. L. 2002 "The freshwater palaemonid prawns (Crustacea: Decapoda: Caridea) of Myanmar." Hydrobiologia Vol 487 59 83
7. Cai Y. , Shokita S. 2006 "Report on a collection of freshwater shrimps (Crustacea: Decapoda: Caridea) from the Philippines, with descriptions of four new species." The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Vol 54 245 270
8. Cai Y. , Naiyanetr P. , Ng P. K. L. 2004 "The freshwater prawns of the genus Macrobrachium Bate, 1868, of Thailand (Crustacea: Decapoda: Palaemonidae)." Journal of Natural History Vol 38 581 649
9. Chace F. A. Jr. , Bruce A. J. 1993 "The caridean shrimps (Crustacea: Decapoda) of the Albatross Philippine Expedition, 1907-1910, Part 6: Superfamily Palaemonoidea." Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology Vol 543 (i-vii) 1 152
10. Chen R. T. , Tsai C. F. , Tzeng W. N. in press "16S and 28S rDNA sequences in phylogenetic analyses of freshwater prawns (Macrobrachium Bate, 1868) from Taiwan." Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 29 3 000 000
11. Chung J. D. , Lin T. P. , Tan Y. C. , Lin M. Y. , Hwang S. Y. 2004 "Genetic diversity and biogeography of Cunninghamia konishii (Cupressaceae), an island species in Taiwan: a comparison with Cunninghamia lanceolata, a mainland species in China." Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution Vol 33 791 801
12. Cowles R. P. 1914 "Palaemons of the Philippine Islands." Philippine Journal of Science, Manila Vol 9 319 403
13. Creer S. , Malhotra A. , Thorpe R. S. , Chou W. H. 2001 "Multiple causation of phylogeographical pattern as revealed by nested clade analysis of the bamboo viper (Trimeresurus stejnegeri) within Taiwan." Molecular Ecology Vol 10 1967 1981
14. Dai A. Y. 1984 "A preliminary study on the genus Palaemon (Crustacea: Palaemonidae) from China." Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica Vol 9 244 252
15. Dana J. D. 1852 "Conspectus Crustaceorum quae in Orbis Terrarum circumnavigatione, Carolo Wilkes e Classe Reipublicae Foederatae Duce, lexit et descripsit." Proceeding of the Academy of natural Sciences of Philadelphia Vol 1852 10 28
16. Dang N. T. , Nguyen H. Y. 1972 "Information on freshwater prawn genus Macrobrachium Bate (Palaemonidae) from the mountainous regions of North Vietnam." Journal of Biology-Geology Vol 10 (1-4) 1 6
17. De Haan W. 1833-1850 "Crustacean." In, P. F. von Siebold (ed.), Fauna japonica sive descripto animalium, quae in itinere per japoniam, jussu et aus piciis superiorum, qui summum in India Batava Imperium Tenent, Suscepto, Annis 1823-1830 Collegit, Norts, Obervationibus et Adumbrationibus Illustravit, i-xxxi, ix-xvi, 1-243, plates A-J, L-Q, 1-55, circ. tab. 2. Lugduni-Batavorum
18. De Man J. G. 1892 "Decapoda des indischen Archipels, pp. 265-527." In, M. Weber (ed.), Zoologische Ergebnisse einer Reise in Niederlndisch Ost-Indien
19. De Man J. G. 1898 "Macroura, Zoological results of the Dutch scientific expedition to central Borneo, The Crustaceans, Part 1." Notes from the Leyden Museum Vol 20 137 161
20. De Man J. G. 1906 "Diagnoses of five new species of decapod Crustacea and of the hitherto unknown male of Spiontocaris rectirostris (Stimps.) from the Insland Sea of Japan, as also a new species of Palaemon from Darjeeling, Bengal." Annals and Magazine of Natural History Vol 17 7 400 406
21. Fabricius J. C. 1798 Supplementum Entomologiae systematicae (Hafniae), 572 pp
22. Fang Y. P. 2001 "Systematics and phylogeographic studies of the genus Crocidura in Taiwan (Insectivora: Soricidae)." Ph.D. thesis. National Taiwan University. Taipei, Taiwan
23. Fincham A. A. 1987 "A new species of Macrobrachium (Decapoda: Caridea: Palaemonidae) from Northern Territory, Australia and a key to Australian species of the genus." Zoological Scripta Vol 16 351 354
24. Fujino T. , Baba K. 1973 "A new Fresh-water prawn of the genus Macrobrachium (Crustacea, Decapoda, Caridea) from Iriomote Island of the Ryukyu." Annotationes Zoologicae Japonenses Vol 46 100 110
25. Ge M. 1980 "A preliminary on the larval development of freshwater prawn Macrobrachium nipponense (De Haan)." Acta Hydrobiologica Sinica Vol 7 213 230
26. Gurin-Mneville F 1838 "Crustacs, Arachnides et Insectes, pp. 1-47." In, L. I. Duperrey (ed.), Voyage autour du monde execute par Ordre du Roi sur la corvette de La Majest, La Coquille, pendant les annes 1822, 1823, 1824 et 1825 Arthus Bertrand, Paris
27. Hall R. 1998 "The plate tectonics of Cenozoic SE Asia and the distribution of land and sea, pp. 99-131." In, R. Hall and J. D. Holloway (eds.), Biogeography and Geological Evolution of SE Asia Backhuys Publishers, Leiden
28. Hayashi K. I. 2000 "Prawns, shrimp and lobsters from Japan (112). Family Palaemonidae, subfamily Palaemoninae-genus Macrobrachium." Aquabiology Vol 22 240 245
29. Heller C. 1862 "Neue Crustaceen gesammelt wahrend der Weltumseglung der K. K. Fregatte Novara: Zweiter vorlaufiger Bericht." Verhandlungen des Kaiserlich-Kniglichen Zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien Vol 12 519 528
30. Hikida T. , Ota H. 1997 "Biogeography of reptiles in the subtropical East Asian Islands, pp. 11-28." In, K. Y. Lue and T. H. Chen (eds.), The Symposium on the Phylogeny, Biogeography and Conservation of Fauna and Flora of East Asian Region. 14-15 November, Department of Biology, National Taiwan Normal University
31. Holthuis L. B. 1950 "The Decapoda of the Siboga Expedition. Part X. The Palaemonidae collected by the Siboga and Snellius expeditions, with remarks on other species, Part I: Subfamily Palaemoninae." Siboga-Exped Vol 39a 1 268 Brill, Leiden
32. Hsu F. H. , Lin F. J. , Lin Y. S. 2000 "Phylogeographic variation in mitochondrial DNA of Formosan white-bellied rat Niviventer culturatus." Zoological Studies Vol 39 38 46
33. Hsu F. H. , Lin F. J. , Lin Y. S. 2001 "Phylogeographic structure of the Formosan wood mouse, Apodemos semotus." Thomas. Zoological Studies Vol 40 91 102
34. Huelsenbeck J. P. , Ronquist F. 2001 "MrBayes: Bayesian inference of phylogenetic trees." Bioinformatics Vol 17 754 755
35. Hwang J. J. , Yu H. P. 1982 "Studies on the freshwater shrimps of the genus Macrobrachium (Crustacea: Decapoda: Palaemonidae) from Taiwan." Quarterly Journal of the Taiwan Museum Vol 25 157 180
36. Jayachandran K. V. 2001 "Palaemonid prawns." Biodiversity, Taxonomy, Biology and Management. Science Publishers, Plymouth. xii 624 pp
37. Johnson D. S. 1963 "Distributional and other notes on some freshwater prawn (Atyidae and Palaemonidae) mainly from the Indo-West Pacific Region." Bulletin of the National Museum, Singapore Vol 32 5 30
38. Kano T. O. 1932a "Coleopteran fauna of Kotosho." Bulletin of the Biogeographical Society of Japan Vol 2 168 169
39. Kano T. O. 1932b "Ecological distribution of the birds in Kotosho." Bulletin of the Biogeographical Society of Japan Vol 2 163 167
40. Kano T. O. 1932d "Notes on Pachyrhynchides from Kotosho and their zoogeographical significance." Bulletin of the Biogeographical Society of Japan Vol 2 170 172
41. Kano T. O. 1932e "Notes on the zoogeographical correlation between Kotosho and adjacent territories under the distribution of butterflies." Bulletin of the Biogeographical Society of Japan Vol 2 173 174
42. Kemp S. 1917 "Leander styliferus, Milne Edwards, and related forms. Notes on Crustacean Decapoda in the Indian Museum. IX." Records of the Indian Museum Vol 13 203 231
43. Komai T. , Fujita Y. 2005 "A new stygiobiont species of Macrobrachium (Crustacea: Decapoda: Caridea: Palaemonidae) from an anchialine cave on Miyako Island, Ryukyu Islands." Zootaxa Vol 1021 13 27
44. Li X. Z. , Liu R. Y. , Liang X. Q. 2003 "The zoogeography of Chinese Palaemonidea fauna." Biodiversity Science Vol 11 5 393 406
45. Liang X. Q. , Yan S. L. 1983 "New species and new records of fresh-water shrimps (Crustacea: Decapoda) from Hainan Island, China." Oceanologia et Limnologia Sicica Vol 14 3 211 216
46. Linnaeus C. 1758 "Systema naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis, Tenth edition. Volume 1." (Holmia: L. Salvius), pp. 1-824 i-iii
47. Liu J. Y. 1957 "Shrimps of genera Palaemon and Macrobrachium." Bulletin of Biology Vol 6 14 23 In Chinese
48. Liu J. Y. , Liang X. Q. , Yan S. L. 1990 "A study of the Palaemonidae (Crustacea: Decapoda) from China. Macrobrachium, Leander and Leandrites." Transactions of the Chinese Crustacean Society Vol 2 102 134
49. Liu T. K. , Chen Y. G. , Chen W. S. , Jiang S. H. 2000 "Rates of cooling and denudation of the early Penglai Orogeny, Taiwan, as assessed by fission-track constraints." Tectonophysics Vol 320 69 82
50. Liu M. Y. , Cai Y. X. , Tzeng C. S. 2007 "Molecular systematics of the freshwater prawn genus Macrobrachium Bate, 1868 (Crustacea: Decapoda:Palaemondiae) infaerred from mtDNA sequences, with emphasis on East Asian species." Zoological Studies Vol 46 272 289
51. Ou A. C. T. , Yeo D. C. J. 1995 "A new species of freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium platycheles (Decapoda: Caridea: Palaemonidae) from Singapore and Peninsular Malaysia." Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Vol 43 299 308
52. Mashiko K. , Shy J. Y. 2008 "Derivation of four morphologically affiliated species of Macrobrachium (Caridea: Palaemonidae) with divergent reproductive characteristics in Northeastern Asia." Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 28 370 377
53. Miers E. J. 1875 "On some new or undescribed species of crustacea from the Samoa Islanda." Annals and Magazine of Natural History Vol 16 341 344
54. Murphy N. P. 2003 "Molecular Systematic Studies of freshwater prawns of the genus Macrobrachium." Ph.D. thesis. Deakin University. Warrnambool, Victoria, Australia
55. Murphy N. P. , Austin C. M. 2005 "Phylogenetic relationships of the globally distributed freshwater prawn genus Macrobrachium (Crustacea: Decapoda: Palaemonidae): biogeography, taxonomy and the convergent evolution of abbreviated larval development." Zoologica Scripta Vol 34 187 197
56. Ota H. 1998 "Geographic patterns of endemism and speciation in amphibians and reptiles of the Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan, with special reference to their paleogeographical implications." Researches on Population Ecology Vol 40 189 204
57. Ota H. 1999 "Tropical island herpetofauna-origin, current diversity, and conservation." Elsevier, Amsterdam
58. Parisi B. 1919 "Decapoda giapponesi del Museo di Milano VII, Natantia." Atti della Societ Italiana di Science Naturale e del Museo Civile di Storia Naturale Vol 58 59 99
59. Roux J. 1934 "New freshwater decapod crustaceans from the Malay Peninsula." Bulletin of the Raffles Museum Vol 9 28 33
60. Shen C. F. 1997 "The biogeography of Taiwan: 2. Some preliminary thoughts and studies." Annual of Taiwan Museum Vol 40 361 450
61. Shen H. P. , Tsai C. F. 2002 "Earthworm Fauna of the Lanyu Island (Botel Tobago)." Endemic Species Research Vol 4 2 1 8
62. Shin H. T. , Hung H. C. , Schubart C. D. , Chen C. A. , Chang H. W. 2006 "Intraspecific genetic diversity of the endemic freshwater crab Candidiopotamon rathbunae (Decapoda, Brachyura, Potamidae) reflects five million years of the geological history of Taiwan." Journal of Biogeography Vol 33 980 989
63. Shokita S. 1977 "Abbreviated metamorphosis of land-locked fresh-water prawn, Macrobrachium asperulum (Von Martens) from Taiwan." Annotationes Zoologicae Japonenses Vol 150 110 122
64. Shokita S. 1979 "The distribution and speciation of the inland water shrimps and prawns from the Ryukyu Islands-II." Bulletin of the College of Science, University of the Ryukyus Vol 28 93 278
65. Shokita S. 1985 "Larval development of the Palaemonid prawn, Macrobrachium grandimanus (Randall), reared in the laboratory, with special reference to larval dispersal." Zoological Society of Japan Vol 2 785 803
66. Short J. W. , Marquet G. 1998 "New records of freshwater Palaemonidae (Crustacea, Decapoda) from New Caledonia." Zoosystema Vol 20 401 410
67. Short J. W. 2000 "Systematics and biogeography of Australian Macrobrachium (Crustacea: Decapoda: Palaemonidae) - with descriptions of other new freshwater Decapoda." Ph.D. dissertation. The University of Queensland. Queensland, Australia
68. Short J. W. 2004 "A revision of Australian river prawns, Macrobranchium (Crustacea: Decapoda: Palaemondiae)." Hydrobiologia Vol 525 1 100
69. Shy J. Y. , Yu H. P. 1998 "Freshwater shrimps of Taiwan." National Museum of Marine Biology and Aquarium, Pingdong, Taiwan. ii 103 pp
70. Sibuet J. C. , Hsu S. K. 2004 "How was Taiwan created?" Tectonophysics Vol 379 159 181
71. Suzuki H. , Kusamura T. 1997 "Reexamination of the diagnostic characters of two freshwater palaemonid prawns, Macrobrachium nipponense (De Haan, 1849) and M. formosense Bate, 1868 (Decapoda, Caridea) from Japan." Crustaceana Vol 70 831 839
72. Tan Q. K. , Lu C. H. 1992 "A new species of Macrobrachium from Anhui, China (Decapoda: Palaemonidae)." Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica Vol 17 169 172
73. Teng L. S. 1990 "Geotectonic evolution of late Cenozoic arc-continent collision in Taiwan." Tectonophysics Vol 183 57 76
74. Thallwitz J. 1891 "Ueber einige neue Indo-Pacifische Crustaceen (vorlufige mittheilung)." Zoologische Anzeiger Vol 14 96 103
75. Thallwitz J. 1892 "Decapoden-Studien, inbesondere basirt auf A. B. Meyer's Sammlungen im Ostindischen Archipel, nebst einer Aufzhulung der Decapoden und Stomatopoden des Dresdener Museums." Abhandlungen und Berichte des Kniglichen Zoologischen und Anthropologisch-Ethnographischen Museums zu Dresden Vol 1890-1891 3 1 55
76. Toda M. 1999 "Historical biogeography of East Asian populations of Rana limnocharis (Amphibia: Anura): a review, pp. 299-315." In, H. Ota (ed.), Tropical island herpetofauna: origin, current diversity, and conservation. Elsevier, Amsterdam
77. Tsai C. F. , Shen H. P. , Tsai S. C. 2002 "A new athecate earthworm of the genus Amynthas Kinberg (Megascolecidae: Oligochaeta) from Taiwan with discussion on phylogeny and biogeography of the A. illotus species-group." Journal of Natural History Vol 36 757 765
78. Tzeng C. S. 1986 "Distribution of the freshwater fishes of Taiwan." Journal of Taiwan Museum Vol 39 127 146
79. Von Martens E. 1868 "ber einige ostasiatische Ssswasserthiere." Archiv fr Naturgeschichte Vol 34 1 1 64
80. Wang H. Y. , Tsai M. P. , Yu M. J. , Lee S. C. 1999 "Influence of glaciation on divergence patterns of the endemic minnow, Zacco pachycephalus, in Taiwan." Molecular Ecology Vol 8 1879 1888
81. Wang J. P. , Hsu K. C. , Chiang T. Y. 2000 "Mitochondrial DNA phylogeography of Acrossocheilus paradoxus (Cyprinidae) in Taiwan." Molecular Ecology Vol 9 1483 1494
82. Weigmann A. F. A. 1836 "Beschreibung einiger neuen Crustaceen des Berliner Museums aus Mexiko und Brasilien." Archiv fr Naturgeschichte Vol 2 145 151
83. Yang Y. J. , Lin Y. S. , Wu J. L. , Hui C. F. 1994 "Variation in mitochondrial DNA and population structure of the Taipei treefrog Rhacophorus taipeianus in Taiwan." Molecular Ecology Vol 3 219 228
84. Yeo D. C. J. , Cai Y. , Ng P. K. L. 1999 "The freshwater and terrestrial Decapod Crustacea of Pulau Tioman, Peninsular Malaysia." Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Supplement Vol 6 190 244
85. Yu H. T. 1995 "Patterns of diversification and genetic population structure of small mammals in Taiwan." Biological Journal of the Linnean Society Vol 55 69 89
86. Yuan S. L. 2003 "Phylogeographic variation in mitochondrial cytochrome b region of Formosan burrowing shrew, Anourosorex squamipes yamashinai (Mammalia: Insectivora)." Master Thesis. Tunghai University. Taichung, Taiwan
87. Zhang J. , Sun X. 1981 "A preliminary investigation on the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River." Chinese Journal of Zoology Vol 4 2 6

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation