Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Microscopic Structure of the Antennulae and Antennae on the Deep-Sea Isopod Bathynomus Pelor

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Journal of Crustacean Biology

Abstract Marine isopods of the genus Bathynomus are important scavengers. We studied the microscopic structure of setae on the antennule and antenna of Bathynomus pelor using scanning electron microscopy. The animals were caught in baited traps off the Northwest Shelf of Australia and brought to the surface by a remotely operated vehicle (ROV). The peduncles of the antennule and antenna displayed pits with simple setae and some penicillate setae located outside these pits. The ventral side of the antennule flagella houses a furrow, bordered by knob shaped projections and filled with aesthetascs. Bifurcated and penicillate setae are also present on this flagellum. Clustered and branched setae were found on the flagellum of the antenna. These structures indicate that B. pelor possesses a set of complex setae on its antennule and antenna that it may use for sensory perception.

Affiliations: 1: School of Biological Sciences, The University of Sydney, Camperdown, NSW, 2006, Australia

  • supplementary file
    • Publication Date : 22 May 2013
    • DOI : 10.1651/08-3083.1_001
    • File Size: 726412
    • File format:video/mpeg

Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Altner H. , Prillinger L. 1980 "Ultrastructure of invertebrate chemo-, thermo- and hygroreceptors and its functional significance." International Review of Cytology Vol 67 69 139
2. Barradas-Ortiz C. , Briones-Fourzan P. , Lozano-Alvarez E. 2003 "Seasonal reproduction and feeding ecology of giant isopods Bathynomus giganteus from the continental slope of the Yucatan peninsula." Deep-Sea Research Part I-Oceanographic Research Papers Vol 50 495 513
3. Bauer R. T. , Caskey J. L. 2006 "Flagellar setae of the second antennae in decapod shrimps: sexual dimorphism and possible role in detection of contact sex pheromones." Invertebrate Reproduction & Development Vol 49 51 60
4. Boudrias M. A. , Pires J. 2002 "Unusual sensory setae of the raptorial Branchinecta gigas (Branchiopoda: Anostraca)." Hydrobiologia Vol 486 19 27
5. Briones-Fourzán P. , Lozano-Alvarez E. 1991 "Aspects of the biology of the giant Isopod Bathynomus giganteus A. Milne-Edwards, 1879 (Flabellifera: Cirolanidae), off the Yucatan Peninsula." Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 11 375 385
6. Bruce N. L. 1986 "Cirolanidae (Crustacea: Isopoda) of Australia." Records of the Australian Museum Vol Supplement 1 239
7. Brusca R. C. , Wilson G. D. F. 1991 "A phylogenetic analysis of the Isopoda with some classificatory recommendations." Memoirs of the Queensland Museum Vol 31 143 204
8. Carr W. E. S. , Ache B. W. , Gleeson R. A. 1987 "Chemoreceptors of crustaceans - similarities to receptors for neuroactive substances in internal tissues." Environmental Health Perspectives Vol 71 31 46
9. Cate H. S. , Derby C. D. 2001 "Morphology and distribution of setae on the antennules of the Caribbean spiny lobster Panulirus argus reveal new types of bimodal chemo-mechanosensilla." Cell and Tissue Research Vol 304 439 454
10. Chamberlain S. C. , Meyerrochow V. B. , Dossert W. P. 1986 "Morphology of the compound eye of the giant deep-sea isopod Bathynomus giganteus." Journal of Morphology Vol 189 145 156
11. Daniel P. C. , Derby C. D. 1991 "Mixture suppression in behaviour: the antennular flick response in the spiny lobster towards binary odorant mixtures." Physiology & Behavior Vol 49 591 601
12. Derby C. D. , Fortier J. K. , Harrison P. J. H. , Cate H. S. 2003 "The peripheral and central antennular pathway of the Caribbean stomatopod crustacean Neogonodactylus oerstedii." Arthropod Structure & Development Vol 32 175 188
13. Eights J. 1852 "Of a new animal belonging to the Crustacea, discovered in the Antarctic seas, by the author, James Eights." Transactions of the Albany Institute Vol 2 331 334
14. Elofsson R. , Hessler R. H. 1991 "Sensory morphology in the antennae of the cephalocarid Hutchinsoniella macracantha." Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 11 345 355
15. Fryer G. 1988 "Studies on the functional morphology and biology of the Notostraca (Crustacea: Branchiopoda)." Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B Biological Sciences Vol 321 27 124
16. Goldman J. A. , Patek S. N. 2002 "Two sniffing strategies in palinurid lobsters." Journal of Experimental Biology Vol 205 3891 3902
17. Heimann P. 1984 "Fine-Structure and Molting of Aesthetasc Sense-Organs on the Antennules of the Isopod, Asellus aquaticus (Crustacea)." Cell and Tissue Research Vol 235 117 128
18. Holthuis L. B. , Mikulka W. R. 1972 "Notes on deep-sea Isopods of Genus Bathynomus A. Milne Edwards, 1879." Bulletin of Marine Science Vol 22 575 591
19. Kaïm-Malka R. A. 1997 "Biology and life cycle of Natatolana borealis Lilj.1851, a scavenging isopod from the continental slope of the Mediterranean." Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers Vol 44 2045 2067
20. Kaïm-Malka R. A. , Maebe S. , Macquart-Moulin C. , Bezac C. 1999 "Antennal sense organs of Natatolana borealis (Lilljeborg 1851) (Crustacea : Isopoda)." Journal of Natural History Vol 33 65 88
21. Kaufmann R. S. 1994 "Structure and function of chemoreceptors in scavenging lysianassoid amphipods." Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 14 54 71
22. Koehl M. A. R. , Koseff J. R. , Crimaldi J. P. , Mccay M. G. , Cooper T. , Wiley M. B. , Moore P. A. 2001 "Lobster sniffing: antennule design and hydrodynamic filtering of information in an odor plume." Science Vol 294 1948 1951
23. Laver M. B. , Olsson M. S. , Edelman J. L. , Smith K. L. 1985 "Swimming rates of scavenging deep-sea amphipods recorded with a free-vehicle video camera." Deep Sea Research Part A. Oceanographic Research Papers Vol 32 1135 1142
24. Laverack M. S. 1964 "Antennular Sense Organs of Panulirus argus." Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Vol 13 301 321
25. Liljeborg W. 1851 "Norges Crustacéer." Ofversigt af Konglinga Vetenskapsakademiens Forhandlingar, Stockholm Vol 8 19 25
26. Lloyd R. E. 1908 "The internal anatomy of Bathynomus giganteus with a description of the sexually mature forms." Memoirs of the Indian Museum Calcutta Vol 1 81 102
27. Lowry J. K. , Dempsey K. 2006 "The giant deep-sea scavenger genus Bathynomus (Crustacea, Isopoda, Cirolanidae) in the Indo-West Pacific." Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle Vol 24 163 192
28. Lynch J. E. 1937 "A giant new species of fairy shrimp of the genus Branchinecta from the State of Washington." Proceedings of the United States National Museum Vol 84 555 562
29. Macavoy S. E. , Carney R. S. , Fisher C. R. , Macko S. A. 2002 "Use of chemosynthetic biomass by large, mobile, benthic predators in the Gulf of Mexico." Marine Ecology Progress Series Vol 225 65 78
30. Mead K. S. , Weatherby T. M. 2002 "Morphology of stomatopod chemosensory sensilla facilitates fluid sampling." Invertebrate Biology Vol 121 148 157
31. Mellon D. 1997 "Physiological characterization of antennular flicking reflexes in the crayfish." Journal of Comparative Physiology A-Sensory Neural and Behavioral Physiology Vol 180 553 565
32. Mellon D. 2007 "Combining dissimilar senses: central processing of hydrodynamic and chemosensory inputs in aquatic crustaceans." Biological Bulletin Vol 213 1 11
33. Meyer-Rochow V. B. 1980 "Cuticular surface structures in Glyptonotus antarcticus - a marine isopod from the Ross Sea (Antarctica)." Zoomorphology Vol 94 209 216
34. Milne-Edwards A. 1879 "Sur un isopode gigantesque des grandes profondeurs de la mer." Comptes Rendes de l'Academie des Sciences Vol 83 21 23
35. Milne-Edwards A. , Bouvier E. L. 1902 "Les Bathynomes. (Reports on the Results of dredging under the supervision of Alexander Agassiz, in the Gulf of Mexico (1877–1878), in the Caribean Sea (1878–1879) and along the atlantic coast of the United States (1880) by the U.S. Steamer “Blake,” XL. Les Bathynomus." Memoirs of Comparative Zoolology at Harvard College No. 27: 129 175
36. Nishida S. , Kittaka J. 1992 "Integumental organs of the phyllosoma larva of the rock lobster Jasus edwardsii (Hutton)." Journal of Plankton Research Vol 14 563 573
37. Okada J. , Kuwasawa K. 1995 "Neural mechanisms governing distribution of cardiac output in an isopod crustacean, Bathynomus doederleini: reflexes controlling the cardioarterial valves." Journal of Comparative Physiology A-Sensory Neural and Behavioral Physiology Vol 176 479 489
38. Ortmann A. 1894 "A new species of isopod genus Bathynomus." Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia Vol 1894 191 193
39. Phillips B. F. , Macmillan D. L. 1987 "Antennal receptors in puerulus and postpuerulus stages of the rock lobster Panulirus cygnus (Decapoda: Palinuridae) and their potential role in puerulus navigation." Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 7 122 135
40. Sekiguchi H. , Yamaguchi Y. , Kobayashi H. 1981 "Bathynomus (Isopoda: Cirolanidae) attacking sharks caught in a gill-net." Bulletin of the Faculty of Fisheries Mie University Vol 8 11 17
41. Soto J. M. R. , Mincarone M. M. 2001 "Distribution and morphology of the giant isopods Bathynomus giganteus and Bathynomus miyarei (Flabellifera, Cirolanidae) off southern Brazil." Mare Magnum Vol 1 141 145
42. Steullet P. , Cate H. S. , Michel W. C. , Derby C. D. 2000 "Functional units of a compound nose: aesthetasc sensilla house similar populations of olfactory receptor neurons on the crustacean antennule." Journal of Comparative Neurology Vol 418 270 280<270::AID-CNE3>3.0.CO;2-G
43. Suzuki N. , Takahata M. , Shoji T. , Tanaka K. 2006 "Chemosensory behavior of the deep-sea isopod Bathynomus doederleini." Chemical Senses Vol 31 J5 J5
44. Tanaka K. , F-Tsukamoto Y. , Kuwasawa K. 2007 "Differentiated effects on components of the heart by biogenic amines in the isopod crustacean, Bathynomus doederleini." Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology B-Biochemistry & Molecular Biology Vol 148 350 350
45. Tso S. F. , Mok H. K. 1991 "Development, reproduction and nutrition of the giant isopod Bathynomus doederleini Ortmann, 1894 (Isopoda, Flabellifera, Cirolanidae)." Crustaceana (Leiden) Vol 61 141 154
46. Wägele J-W. 1983 "On the homology of antennal articles in isopoda." Crustaceana Vol 45 31 37
47. Watling L. 1989 "A classification system for crustacean setae based on the homology concept." 15 26 In Watling F. B. E. L. , Thistle A. B. Functional Morphology of Feeding and Grooming in Crustacea CRC Press
48. Weisbaum D. , Lavalli K. L. 2004 "Morphology and distribution of antennular setae of scyllarid lobsters (Scyllarides aequinoctialis, S latus, and S nodifer) with comments on their possible function." Invertebrate Biology Vol 123 324 342
49. Wilson G. D. F. , Ponder W. F. 1992 "Extraordinary new subterranean isopods (Peracarida: Crustacea) from the Kimberley Region, Western Australia." Records of the Australian Museum Vol 44 279 298
50. Yannicelli B. , Palacios R. , Gimenez L. 2002 "Swimming ability and burrowing time of two cirolanid isopods from different levels of exposed sandy beaches." Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology Vol 273 73 88

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Journal of Crustacean Biology — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation