Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Egg Development Trajectories of Early and Late-Spawner Lobsters (Homarus Americanus) in the Magdalen Islands, Québec

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

This Article is currently unavailable for purchase.
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

Cover image Placeholder

Abstract This study examines egg development in American lobster (Homarus americanus) ovigerous females caught off the Magdalen Islands (MI), Québec, in September 2002 and kept in tanks for 10-11 months under a simulated natural temperature cycle. The study compares egg development trajectories of 7 early-spawners (ES) that had a well-defined pigmented eye area (Perkins eye index, PEI: 190-246 µm) at the time of capture and 8 late-spawners (LS) with no visible pigmented eye at the time of capture. Eggs from ES achieved about 80% of their development in the fall, followed by a circa 6-months rest period. Eggs from LS reached approximately 50% development by late fall, and unlike eggs from ES, continued development during winter even at temperatures of 1.0-1.5°C. The two groups experienced different numbers of effective (> 3.4°C) degree-days (ES: 1440.7, LS: 1308.0) for complete embryonic development and late spawning translated into late hatching. Additional observations made on a group of 72 ovigerous MI females caught in September 2006 indicate that early spawning is mainly associated to larger females, most likely multiparous, with a 2-year reproductive cycle, and late spawning mainly to smaller females, most likely primiparous, with a 1-year cycle, molting and spawning the same year. Larvae from ES/multiparous and LS/primiparous may therefore encounter different environmental conditions for survival at hatching and during larval development. The occurrence of females having different patterns of egg development trajectories in American lobster populations can help spread larval production over time. This can be viewed as a mechanism for coping with environmental uncertainty.

Affiliations: 1: Institut Maurice-Lamontagne, Department of Fisheries and Oceans, 850 route de la Mer, Mont-Joli QC, Canada G5H 3Z4


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Aiken D. E. , Waddy S. L. 1980 "Reproductive biology." 215 276 In, Cobb J. S. , Phillips B. F. The Biology and Management of Lobsters. Vol. 1: Physiology and Behavior Academic Press New York
2. Aiken D. E. , Waddy S. L. 1982 "Cement gland development, ovary maturation and reproductive cycle in the American lobster Homarus americanus." Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 2 315 327
3. Anger K. 2001 The Biology of Decapod Crustacean Larvae. Crustacean Issues 14. A. A Balkema Lisse
4. Attard J. , Hudon C. 1987 "Embryonic development and energetic investment in egg production in relation to size of female lobster (Homarus americanus)." Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences Vol 44 1157 1164
5. Briggs P. T. , McGroarty W. M. 1985 "Departures from the normal moulting and reproductive cycle of female lobsters from Long Island Sound, New York." New York Fish and Game Journal Vol 32 210 212
6. Brillon S. , Lambert Y. , Dodson J. J. 2005 "Egg survival, embryonic development, and larval characteristics of northern shrimp (Pandalus borealis) females subject to different temperature and feeding conditions." Marine Biology Vol 147 895 911
7. Campbell A. 1986 "Migratory movements of ovigerous lobsters, Homarus americanus, tagged off Gran Manan, Eastern Canada." Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences Vol 43 2197 2205
8. Cobb J. S. , Booth J. D. , Clancy M. 1997 "Recruitment strategies in lobsters and crabs: a comparison." Marine and Freshwater Research Vol 48 797 806
9. Comeau M. , Savoie F. 2002 "Maturity and reproductive cycle of the female American lobster, Homarus americanus, in the southern Gulf of St. Lawrence, Canada." Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 22 762 774
10. Cooper R. A. , Uzman J. R. 1971 "Migration and growth of deep-sea lobsters, Homarus americanus." Science Vol 171 288 290
11. Cooper R. A. , Uzman J. R. 1980 "Ecology of juvenile and adult Homarus." 97 142 In, Cobb J. S. , Philipps B. F. The biology and management of lobsters. Vol. 2: Ecology and Management Academic New York
12. Cowan D. F. , Watson W. W. III , Solow A. R. , Mountcastle A. M. 2007 "Thermal histories of brooding lobsters, Homarus americanus, in the Gulf of Maine." Marine Biology Vol 150 463 470
13. Dana J. D. 1852 "Crustacea. Part I." United States Exploring Expedition during the Years 1838–1842 under the Command of Charles Wilkes, U.S.N. Vol. 13, 690
14. Dubé P. , Grondin P. 1985 "Maturité sexuelle du homard (Homarus americanus) femelle aux Îles-de-la-Madeleine." Canadian Atlantic Fisheries Scientific Advisory Committee. Res. Doc. 85/97. 39
15. Fogarty M. J. , Gendron L. 2004 "Biological reference points for American lobster (Homarus americanus) populations: limits to exploitation and the precautionary approach." Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences Vol 61 1392 1403
16. Gilbert D. , Pettigrew B. 1996 "Interannual variability (1948–1994) of the CIL core temperature in the Gulf of St. Lawrence." Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences Vol 54 (S1) 57 67
17. Helluy S. M. , Beltz B. S. 1991 "Embryonic development of the American lobster (Homarus americanus): quantitative staging and characterization of an embryonic molt cycle." Biological Bulletin Vol 180 355 371
18. Hudon C. , Fradette P. , Legendre P. 1986 "La répartition horizontale et verticale des larves de homard (Homarus americanus) autour des Îles-de-la-Madeleine, golfe du Saint-Laurent." Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences Vol 43 2164 2176
19. Hutton F. W. 1875 "Description of two new species of Crustacea from New Zealand." Trans. N. Z. Inst. Vol Vol 7 279 280
20. James-Pirri M. J. , Cobb J. S. , Wahle R. A. 1998 "Influence of settlement time and size on postsettlement growth in the American lobster (Homarus americanus)." Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences Vol 55 2436 2446
21. Krøyer H. I. 1838 "Om Snyltekrebsene, især med hensyn til den danske fauna." Naturhist. Tidsskrift, Vol. 2.
22. Longhurst A. 2002 "Murphy's law revisited: longevity as a factor in recruitment to fish populations." Fisheries Research Vol 56 125 131
23. Milne Edwards H. 1837 Histoire naturelle des Crustacés, comprenant l'anatomie, la physiologie et la classification de ces animaux. Vol 2, pp. 1-532 Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret Paris
24. Nazari E. M. , Rauh Müller Y. M. , Ammar D. 2000 "Embryonic development of Palaemonetes argentinus Nobili, 1901 (Decapoda, Palemonidae), reared in the laboratory." Crustaceana Vol 73 143 152
25. Ouellet P. , Allard J-P. 2002 "Seasonal and interannual variability in larval lobster Homarus americanus size, growth and condition in the Magdalen Islands, southern Gulf of St. Lawrence." Marine Ecology Progress Series Vol 230 241 251
26. Ouellet P. , Lefaivre D. , Allard J-P. 2001 "Lobster (Homarus americanus) larvae abundance and post-larvae availability to settlement at the Magdalen Islands, southern Gulf of St. Lawrence (Quebec)." 17 21 In, Tremblay M. J. , Sainte-Marie B. Canadian Lobster Atlantic–Wide Studies (CLAWS) Symposium: Abstracts and Proceedings Summary. Canadian Technical Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Science Vol 2328 ix + 111
27. Petersen S. 1995 "The embryonic development of Hyas araneaus L. (Decapoda, Majidae): effects of temperature." Sarsia Vol 80 193 198
28. Perkins H. 1972 "Developmental rates at various temperatures of embryos of the northern lobster (Homarus americanus Milne-Edwards)." Fishery Bulletin Vol 70 95 99
29. Pinheiro M. A. A. , Hattori G. Y. 2003 "Embryology of the mangrove crab Ucides cordatus (Brachyura: Ocypodidae)." Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 23 729 737
30. Robinson D. G. 1979 "Consideration of the lobster (Homarus americanus) recruitment overfishing hypothesis; with special reference to the Canso Causeway." Canadian Fisheries Marine Service Technical Report Vol 834 77 99
31. Sibert V. 2003 "Caractéristiques biochimiques et morphométriques des oeufs de homard (Homarus americanus) durant leur développement sous un cycle naturel de températures reproduit en laboratoire." M. Sc. Thesis. Université du Québec à Rimouski. Rimouski. Québec. Canada. 80
32. Sibert V. , Ouellet P. , Brêthes J-C. 2004 "Changes in yolk total proteins and lipid components and embryonic growth rates during lobster (Homarus americanus) egg development under a simulated seasonal temperature cycle." Marine Biology Vol 144 1075 1086
33. Shirley S. M. , Shirley T. C. , Rice S. D. 1987 "Latitudinal variation in the Dungeness crab, Cancer magister: zoeal morphology explained by incubation temperature." Marine Biology Vol 95 371 376
34. Sokal R. R. , Rohlf F. J. 1995 Biometry: the principles and practice of statistics in biological research. 3rd edition W. H. Freeman and Co New York 887
35. Talbot P. , Helluy S. 1995 "Reproduction and embryonic development." 177 216 In, Factor J. R. Biology of the lobster Homarus americanus Academic New York
36. Templeman W. 1940 "Embryonic developmental rates and egg-laying of Canadian lobsters." Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada Vol 5 71 83
37. Tlusty M. , Metzler A. , Malkin E. , Goldstein J. , Koneval M. 2008 "Microecological impacts of global warming on crustaceans-temperature induced shifts in the release of larvae from American lobster, Homarus americanus, females." Journal of Shellfish Research Vol 27 443 448[443:MIOGWO]2.0.CO;2
38. Tong L. J. , Moss G. A. , Pickering T. D. , Paewai M. P. 2000 "Temperature effects on embryo and early larval development of the spiny lobster Jasus edwardsii, and description of a method to predict larval hatch times." Marine and Freshwater Research Vol 51 243 248
39. Wahle R. A. 1992 "Body size-dependent anti-predator mechanisms of the American lobster." Oikos Vol 65 52 60
40. Wear R. 1974 "Incubation in British decapod Crustacea, and the effects of temperature on the rate and success of embryonic development." Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK Vol 54 745 762

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation