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Allozymes and mtDNA Reveal Two Divergent Lineages in Orchestia cavimana (Amphipoda: Talitridae)

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Abstract We report on allozyme and mitochondrial DNA variation in 13 populations of the supralittoral amphipod Orchestia cavimana. The species colonizes fresh and brackish shores of Northern Africa, Near East and throughout Europe. Populations were sampled across a large part of the species range (Cyprus, Turkey, northern and southern Italy, United Kingdom and Germany), including the type locality (Cyprus). Both sets of molecular markers agree in identifying two divergent lineages. A first lineage includes populations from Cyprus and Turkey. A second genetically homogeneous lineage groups Italian, English and German populations. Genetic divergence between the two lineages is high (DNei  =  0.720 ± 0.06 for allozymes and K2P  =  0.191 ± 0.001 for mitochondrial DNA) and comparable to that among morphologically distinct congeneric species reported for the same set of molecular markers.

Affiliations: 1: Unit of Evolutionary Biology/Systematic Zoology, Institute of Biochemistry and Biology, University of Potsdam, Karl-Liebknecht-Strasse 24-25, Haus 25, D-14476, Potsdam, Germany; 2: Dipartimento di Biologia Animale e dell'Uomo, Universita' di Roma “La Sapienza”, V.le dell'Universitá 32, I-00185, Rome, Italy

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    • Publication Date : 22 May 2013
    • DOI : 10.1651/09-3162.1_001
    • File Size: 195072
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