Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Ontogenetic Development of Porcellio scaber: Staging Based on Microscopic Anatomy

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

This Article is currently unavailable for purchase.
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

Cover image Placeholder

Abstract Arthropods exhibit a vast variety of morphological forms. Developmental studies on diverse arthropod groups will help clarify how these forms evolved during arthropod evolution. The terrestrial isopod Porcellio scaber is a suitable novel animal model for developmental studies; it is well adapted to terrestrial habitats and these adaptations make the species interesting from the evolutionary perspective. Porcellio scaber is already extensively used in ecotoxicological and physiological studies and its biology is well known, but a comprehensive description of its ontogenetic development is still missing. Here, a staging system of P. scaber embryos and marsupial mancas based on morphological observations with light microscopy techniques is presented. An important adaptation of oniscids to terrestrial lifestyle is formation of specific structures in the digestive system, which enable effective water retention and good digestion of cellulose-rich plant material. Differentiation of the digestive system during P. scaber embryogenesis is described and the results show that digestive system is well developed already in late-stage embryos. The presented staging system should provide a useful basis for the expanding field of gene expression studies during arthropod embryogenesis and enable comparative developmental studies between arthropod groups.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Biology, Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Alikhan M. A. 1995 Terrestrial Isopod Biology CRC Press Boca Raton
2. Brena C. , Liu P. Z. , Minelli A. , Kaufman T. C. 2005 " Abd-Bexpression in Porcellio scaberLatreille, 1804 (Isopoda: Crustacea): conserved pattern versus novel roles in development and evolution" Evolution & Development Vol 7 42 50 [Crossref]
3. Bonnier J. , Koehler R. 1896 "Edriophthalmes" In, Résultats scientifiques de la campagne du ‘Caudan’ dans le golfe de Gascogne, août-septembre 1893. Annales de l'Université de Lyon 1895 Vol 3 527 689
4. Browne W. E. , Price A. L. , Gerberding M. , Patel N. H. 2005 "Stages of embryonic development in the amphipod crustacean, Parhyale hawaiensis " Genesis Vol 42 124 149 [Crossref]
5. Brum P. E. D. , Araujo P. B. 2007 "The manca stages of Porcellio dilatatusBrandt (Crustacea, Isopodda, Oniscoidea)" Revista Brasileira de Zoologia Vol 24 493 502 [Crossref]
6. Campos-Ortega J. A. , Hartenstein V. 1985 The Embryonic Development of Drosophila Melanogaster Springer Verlag Berlin
7. Dana J. D. 1853 "Crustacea. Part 2" United States Exploring Expedition Vol 13 691 1618
8. Dohle W. , Gerberding M. , Hejnol A. , Scholtz G. 2004 "Cell lineage, segment differentiation and gene expression in crustaceans" 95 133 In, Scholtz G. Evolutionary Developmental Biology of Crustacea, Crustacean Issues 15 A. A. Balkema Lisse
9. Drobne D. 1997 "Terrestrial isopods - A good choice for toxicity testing of pollutants in the terrestrial environment" Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry Vol 16 1159 1164
10. Drobne D. , Hopkin S. P. 1994 "An ecotoxicological laboratory test for assessing the effects of chemicals on terrestrial isopods" Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology Vol 53 390 397 [Crossref]
11. Drobne D. , Hopkin S. P. 1995 "The Toxicity of zinc to terrestrial isopods in a standard laboratory test" Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety Vol 31 1 6 [Crossref]
12. Elizalde M. , Sorbe J. C. 1992 "Postmarsupial development of Munnopsurus atlanticus(Bonnier, 1896) a dominand eurycopid isopod from the upper continental slope of the Bay of Biscay" Crustaceana Vol 65 159 175 [Crossref]
13. Garcia-Guerrero M. , Hendrickx M. E. 2004 "Embryology of decapod crustaceans I. Embryonic development of the mangrove crabs Goniopsis pulchraand Aratus pisonii(Decapoda: Brachyura)" Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 24 666 672 [Crossref]
14. Gerberding M. , Patel N. H. 2004 "Gastrulation in crustaceans: germ layers and cell lineages" 78 89 In, Stern C. Gastrulation: From Cells to Embryos CSHL Press Cold Spring Harbor
15. Goodrich A. L. 1939 "The origin and fate of the entoderm elements in the embryogeny of Porcellio laevisLatr. and Armadillidium nasatumB.L. (Isopoda)" Journal of Morphology Vol 64 401 429 [Crossref]
16. Hames C. A. C. , Hopkin S. P. 1989 "The structure and function of the digestive system of terrestrial isopods" Journal of Zoology Vol 217 599 627 [Crossref]
17. Hassal M. , Jennings J. B. 1975 "Adaptive features of gut structure and digestive physiology in the terrestrial isopod Philoscia muscorum(Scopoli) 1763" Biological Bulletin Vol 149 348 364 [Crossref]
18. Hejnol A. 2002 "Der postnaupliale Keimstreif von Porcellio scaberund Orchestia cavimana(Crustacea, Peracarida): Zelllinie, Geneexpresion und Beginn der Morphogenese" Ph.D. Dissertation. Institut fuer Biologie der Humboldt-Universitaet zu Berlin.
19. Hejnol A. , Scholtz G. 2004 "Clonal analysis of Distal-lessand engrailedexpression patterns during early morphogenesis of uniramous and biramous crustacean limbs" Development Genes and Evolution Vol 214 473 485
20. Hejnol A. , Schnabel R. , Scholtz G. 2006 "A 4D-microscopic analysis of the germ band in the isopod crustacean Porcellio scaber(Malacostraca, Peracarida) – developmental and phylogenetic implications" Development Genes and Evolution Vol 216 755 767 [Crossref]
21. Hopkin S. P. 1989 Ecophysiology of Metals in Terrestrial Invertebrates Elsevier Applied Science Publishers Ltd London and New York
22. Hopkin S. P. , Jones D. T. , Dietrich D. 1993 "The isopod Porcellio scaberas a monitor of the bioavailability of metals in terrestrial ecosystems: towards a global woodlouse watch scheme" Science of the total environment Vol Suppl 357 365 [Crossref]
23. Hughes C. L. , Kaufman T. C. 2000 "A diverse approach to arthropod development" Evolution & Development Vol 2 6 8 [Crossref]
24. Knopf F. , Koenemann S. , Schram F. R. , Wolff C. 2006 "The urosome of the Pan- and Peracarida" Contributions to Zoology Vol 75 1 21
25. Kotov A. A. , Boikova O. S. 2001 "Study of late embryogenesis of Daphnia(Anomopoda, ‘Cladocera’) and a comparison of development in Anomopoda and Ctenopoda" Hydrobiologia Vol 442 127 143 [Crossref]
26. Latreille P. A. 1804 "Histoire naturelle generale et particuliere des Crustaces et des Insectes" Paris Vol 7 1 413
27. Linnaeus C. 1758 Systema Naturae. Tenth edition Stockholm 637
28. Minelli A. 2003 The development of animal form. Ontogeny, morphology, and evolution Cambridge University Press Cambridge, UK
29. McMurrich J. P. 1895 "Embryology of the isopod Crustacea" Journal of Morphology Vol 11 63 154 [Crossref]
30. Meschenmoser M. 1996 "Dorsal- und Lateralorgane in der Embryonalentwickung von Peracariden" Ph.D. Dissertation. Goettingen, Cuvillier-Verlag.
31. Nair G. 1956 "On the embryology of the isopod Irona " Journal of Embryology and. Experimental Morphology Vol 4 1 33
32. Nakagoshi H. 2005 "Functional specification in the Drosophilaendoderm" Development Growth and Differentiation Vol 47 383 392 [Crossref]
33. Needham A. E. 1938 "Abdominal appendages in the female and copulatory appendages in the male Asellus" Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science Vol 81 127 150
34. Pabst T. , Scholtz G. 2009 "The development of the phyllopodous limbs in Leptostraca and Branchiopoda" Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 29 1 12 [Crossref]
35. Odendaal J. P. , Reinecke A. J. 2007 "Quantitative assessment of effects of zinc on the histological structure of the hepatopancreas of terrestrial isopods" Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology Vol 53 359 364 [Crossref]
36. Schmidt C. 2008 "Phylogeny of the terrestrial Isopoda (Oniscidea): a review" Arthropod Systematics & Phylogeny Vol 66 191 226
37. Scholtz G. , Dohle W. 1996 "Cell lineage and cell fate in crustacean embryos - a comparative approach" International Journal of Developmental Biology Vol 40 211 220
38. Scholtz G. 1997 "Cleavage, germ band formation and head segmentation: the ground pattern of the Euarthropoda" 317 332 In, Fortey R. A. , Thomas R. H. Arthropod relationships Chapman & Hall London
39. Schram F. R. , Koenemann S. 2004 "Developmental genetics and arthropod evolution: On body regions of Crustacea" 75 92 In, Scholtz G. Evolutionary Developmental Biology of Crustacea, Crustacean Issues 15 A. A. Balkema Lisse
40. Sfenthourakis S. , de Araujo P. B. , Hornung E. , Schmalfuss H. , Taiti S. , Szlavecz K. 2004 "The Biology of Terrestrial Isopods" Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on the Biology of Terrestrial Isopods. Crustaceana Monographs, 2. Brill.
41. Strömberg J-O. 1965 "On the embryology of the isopod Idotea " Arkiv för Zoologi Vol 17 421 437
42. Strömberg J-O. 1967 "Segmentation and organogenesis in Limnoria lignorum(Rathke) (Isopoda)" Arkiv för Zoologi Vol 20 91 139
43. Surbida K-L. , Wright J. C. 2001 "Embryo tolerance and maternal control of the marsupial environment in Armadillidium vulgare(Isopoda: Oniscidea)" Physiological and Biochemical Zoology Vol 74 894 906 [Crossref]
44. Štrus J. , Drobne D. , Ličar P. 1995 "Comparative anatomy and functional aspects of the digestive system in amphibious and terrestrial isopods (Isopoda: Oniscidea)" 15 23 In, Alikhan M. A. Terrestrial Isopod Biology, Crustacean Issues 9 A. A. Balkema Rotterdam
45. Štrus J. , Klepal W. , Repina J. , Tušek-Žnidarič M. , Milatovič M. , Pipan Ž 2008 "Ultrastructure of the digestive system and the fate of midgut during embryonic development in Porcellio scaber(Crustacea: Isopoda)" Arthropod Structure & Development Vol 37 287 298 [Crossref]
46. Tomescu N. , Craciun C. 1987 "Postembryonic ontogenetic development in Porcellio scaber(Crustacea: Isopoda)" Pedobiologia Vol 30 345 350
47. Warburg M. R. 1987 "Isopods in their terrestrial environment" Advances in ecological research Vol 17 187 242
48. Warburg M. R. 1994 "Marsupial content and losses due to putative intramarsupial cannibalism by the mancas in three oniscid species" Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 14 560 567 [Crossref]
49. Wilson G. D. F. 1987 "The road to the Janiroidea: comparative morphology and evolution of the asellote isopod crustaceans" Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research Vol 25 257 280 [Crossref]
50. Wilson G. D. F. 1989 "A systematic revision of the deep-sea subfamily Lipomerinae of the isopod crustacean family Munnopsidae" Bulletin of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography Vol 27 1 138
51. Witzel B. 1998 "Uptake, storage and loss of Cd and Pb in the woodlouse Porcellio scaber(Crustacea, Isopoda)" Water, Air, and Soil Pollution Vol 108 51 68 [Crossref]
52. Witzel B. 2000 "The Influence of Zinc on the Uptake and Loss of Cadmium and Lead in the Woodlouse, Porcellio scaber(Isopoda, Oniscidea)" Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety Vol 47 43 53 [Crossref]
53. Whitington P. M. , Leach D. , Sandeman R. 1993 "Evolutionary change in neural development within the arthropods: axonogenesis in the embryos of crustaceans" Development Vol 118 449 461
54. Wolff C. , Scholtz G. 2006 "Cell lineage analysis of the mandibular segment of the amphipod Orchestia cavimanareveals that the crustacean paragnaths are sternal outgrowths and not limbs" Frontiers in Zoology Vol 3 19 [Crossref]

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation