Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Number and Duration of Zoeal Stages of the Hydrothermal Vent Crab Gandalfus yunohana from Laboratory Reared Specimens

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites

image of Journal of Crustacean Biology

Abstract The hydrothermal vent crab Gandalfus yunohana is found along the Izu-Ogasawara Arc in the north-western Pacific at depths from 420 to 1400 m. To study the larval developmental characteristics of this vent endemic species, we collected adult crabs from a depth of 445 m in May 2005 from the Kaikata Seamount (26°42.607′N, 141°04.457′E). These individuals were maintained at atmospheric pressure and temperature (15 and 18°C) for several months, until two females spawned and released larvae. Larvae were maintained at atmospheric pressure and at five different temperatures ranging from ∼18 to 30°C and fed Artemia sp. At ∼18°C, no larvae survived until the second zoeal stage. Some larvae reached the second or third zoeal stages when reared at ∼21°C. At 24-30°C, six individuals metamorphosed into the megalopal stage following a fifth or sixth zoeal stage 34-60 d after hatching. Megalopae swam actively, but they eventually died 58-104 d after hatching and showed no signs of moulting into the juvenile crab stage. Newly hatched first stage zoeae were phototactic, and we observed relatively high temperature requirements for larval survival and development. These facts suggest that zoeae may be distributed relatively high in the water column in warmer near-surface waters during their planktotrophic development. This is the first report of successful larval rearing of any species of bythograeid crabs. Our study establishes the conditions under which the megalopae moult to the first crab stage, laying the groundwork for future experiments.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Marine Biosciences, Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology, 4-5-7 Konan, Minato, Tokyo 108-8477, Japan; 2: Marine Biology and Ecology Program, Extremobiosphere Research Center, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 2-15 Natsushima, Yokosuka, Kanagawa 237-0061, Japan; 3: School of Marine Biosciences, Kitasato University, Okkirai, Sanriku, Ofunato, Iwate 022-0101, Japan


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Anger K. 1983 "Moult cycle and morphogenesis of Hyas araneuslarvae (Decapoda, Majidae) reared in the laboratory" Helgoländer Meeresunters Vol 36 285 302
2. Anger K. 2001 The biology of decapod crustacean larvae A. A Balkema Publishers Rotterdam
3. Dittel A. I. , Epifanio C. E. , Perovich G. 2005 "Food sources for the early life history stages of the hydrothermal vent crab Bythograea thermydron: a stable isotope approach" Hydrobiologia Vol 544 339 346
4. Dittel A. I. , Perovich G. , Epifanio C. E. 2008 "Biology of the vent crab Bythograea thermydron: a brief review" Journal of Shellfish Research Vol 27 63 77[63:BOTVCB]2.0.CO;2
5. Epifanio C. E. , Perovich G. , Dittel A. I. , Cary S. C. 1999 "Development and behavior of megalopa larvae and juveniles of the hydrothermal vent crab Bythograea thermydron " Marine Ecology Progress Series Vol 185 147 154
6. Gore R. H. 1985 "Molting and growth in decapod larvae" 1 65 In, Wenner A. M. Larval growth, crustacean issues, Vol. 2 A A Balkema Publishers Rotterdam
7. Harms J. , Seeger B. 1989 "Larval development and survival in seven decapod species (Crustacea) in relation to laboratory diet" Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology Vol 133 129 139
8. Haymon R. M. , Fornari D. J. , Von Damm K. L. , Lilley M. D. , Perfit M. R. , Edmond J. M. , Shanks W. C. III , Lutz R. A. , Grebmeier J. M. , Carbotte S. , Wright D. , McLaughlin E. , Smith M. , Beedle N. , Olson E. 1993 "Volcanic eruption of the mid-ocean ridge along the East Pacific Rise crest at 9°45-52′N: direct submersible observations of seafloor phenomena associated with an eruption event in April, 1991" Earth and Planetary Science Letters Vol 119 85 101
9. Hessler R. R. , Martin J. W. 1989 " Austinograea williamsi, new genus, new species, a hydrothermal vent crab (Decapoda: Bythograeidae) from the Mariana back-arc basin, Western Pacific" Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 9 645 661
10. Holm S. 1979 "A simple sequentially rejective multiple test procedure" Scandinavian Journal of Statistics Vol 6 65 70
11. Iizasa K. , Naka J. , Yuasa M. , Fiske R. S. 1997 "Sulphide chimneys and massive sulphides at Myojin Knoll Caldera, Izu-Ogasawara Arc" JAMSTEC Journal of Deep Sea Research Vol 13 443 456 (Japanese text with English abstract, tables and figures).
12. Jinks R. N. , Markley T. L. , Taylor E. E. , Perovich G. , Dittel A. I. , Epifanio C. E. , Cronin T. W. 2002 "Adaptive visual metamorphosis in a deep-sea hydrothermal vent crab" Nature Vol 420 68 70
13. Kojima S. 2002 "Deep-sea chemoautosynthesis-based communities in the Northwestern Pacific" Journal of Oceanography Vol 58 343 363
14. Martin J. W. , Haney T. A. 2005 "Decapod crustaceans from hydrothermal vents and cold seeps: a review through 2005" Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society Vol 145 445 522
15. McLay C. 2007 "New crabs from hydrothermal vents of the Kermadec Ridge submarine volcanoes, New Zealand: Gandalfusgen. nov. (Bythograeidae) and Xenograpsus(Varunidae) (Decapoda: Brachyura)" Zootaxa Vol 1524 1 22
16. Mitsuzawa K. , Monma H. , Hotta H. Deep Sea Research group 1989 "Measurement of water temperature and current around the submarine caldera in the KC Kaikata Seamount" JAMSTECTR Deepsea Research Vol 21 1 10 (Japanese text with English abstract, tables and figures).
17. Miyake H. , Kitada M. , Tsuchida S. , Okuyama Y. , Nakamura K. 2007 "Ecological aspects of hydrothermal vent animals in captivity at atmospheric pressure" Marine Ecology Vol 28 86 92
18. Nakajima K. , Hamasaki K. , Tsuchida S. , Kado R. , Kitada S. in press "First zoeal stage of the hydrothermal vent crab, Gandalfus yunohana(Decapoda, Brachyura, Bythograeidae)" Crustaceana
19. Ng P. K. L. , Guinot D. , Davie P. J. F. 2008 "Systema Brachyurorum: Part 1. An annotated check list of extant brachyuran crabs of the world" The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Vol 17 1 286
20. Ono T. , Fujikura K. , Hashimoto J. , Fujikura Y. , Segawa S. 1996 "The hydrothermal vent community at the Kaikata Seamount near Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands, South Japan" JAMSTEC Journal of Deep Sea Research Vol 12 221 230 (Japanese text with English abstract, tables and figures).
21. Qiu B. , Chen S. 2005 "Variability of the Kuroshio extension jet, recirculation gyre, and mesoscale eddies on decadal time scales" Journal of Physical Oceanography Vol 35 2090 2103
22. R Development Core Team 2009 R: a language and environment for statistical computing R Foundation for Statistical Computing Vienna, Austria
23. Sakamoto T. T. , Hasumi H. , Ishii M. , Emori S. , Suzuki T. , Nishimura T. , Sumi A. 2005 "Responses of the Kuroshio and the Kuroshio Extension to global warming in a high-resolution climate model" Geophysical Research Letters Vol 32 L14617
24. Takeda M. , Hashimoto J. , Ohta S. 2000 "A new species of the family Bythograeidae (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura) from the hydrothermal vent along volcanic front of the Philippine Sea plate" Bulletin of the National Museum of Nature and Science, Tokyo, Series A Vol 26 159 172
25. Tsuchida S. , Fujikura K. 2000 "Heterochely, relative growth, and gonopod morphology in the bythograeid crab, Austinograea williamsi(Decapoda, Brachyura)" Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 20 407 414
26. Tsuchida S. , Kumagai H. , Ishibashi J. , Watanabe H. , Kouzuma F. 2001 "Preliminary report of hydrothermalism and volcanism at the Kaikata Seamount" JAMSTEC Journal of Deep Sea Research Vol 18 209 215 (Japanese text with English abstract, tables and figures).
27. Tsuchida S. , Fujikura K. , Hashimoto J. , Fujiwara Y. , Hunt J. C. , Lindsay D. J. 1998 "Molting of bythograeid crabs under laboratory conditions" JAMSTEC Journal of Deep Sea Research Vol 14 515 520 (Japanese text with English abstract, tables and figures).
28. Uda M. , Hasunuma K. 1969 "The eastward subtropical countercurrent in the western north Pacific Ocean" Journal of the Oceanographical Society of Japan Vol 25 201 210
29. Van Dover C. L. , German C. R. , Speer K. G. , Parson L. M. , Vrijenhoek R. C. 2002 "Evolution and biogeography of deep-sea vent and seep invertebrates" Science Vol 295 1253 1257
30. Watanabe H. , Kado R. , Tsuchida S. , Kano Y. , Kodama Y. , Shimosaka M. , Tao J. , Hayashi M. , Katayama T. , Takizawa K. , Kojima S. 2003 "Dispersion and reproduction of vent-endemic species inhabiting the Myojin Knoll and the Kaikata Seamount-Preliminary report of NT03-06, Leg.2 cruise-" JAMSTEC Journal of Deep Sea Research Vol 23 99 105 (Japanese text with English abstract, tables and figures).
31. Williams A. 1980 "A new crab family from the vicinity of submarine thermal vents on the Galapagos Rift (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura)" Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington Vol 93 443 472

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation