Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

First Record of Parastenocarididae from Thailand and Description of a New Genus (Copepoda: Harpacticoida)

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

This Article is currently unavailable for purchase.
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

Cover image Placeholder

Abstract Asiacaris n. gen. is described to accommodate Asiacaris dispar n. sp., collected in the interstitial of the banks of a river on Pha-ngan Island, in the Gulf of Thailand. Asiacaris belongs to Parastenocarididae Chappuis, 1940, based on the following characters: leg 3 sexually dimorphic, modified in the male into a grasping organ; presence of sexual dimorphism on the endopod of leg 4; presence of a dorsal integumental window on cephalothorax and dorso-elliptical integumental windows on tergites of urosomites 2 to 5 in male and on genital double-somite and urosomites 4 and 5 in female; antennule 8-segmented, with an inner process on the 7th segment, first leg with 2-segmented endopod and unarmed exopod-2, and mouthparts armature and segmentation. The apomorphic characters of Asiacaris are represented by the sexual dimorphism of P2 (stronger in male than in female), the fusion of the P5 to the intercoxal sclerite and to the somite and, mostly, by the overall transformation of P4 in the male, which is the longest and strongest leg, a feature never recorded before in any male of freshwater or marine free-living harpacticoids: the endopod is missing, the exopodal segments are all enlarged, and the apical seta is transformed into a hook longer than the last segment of the exopod. The P4 project laterally, creating not only a characteristic habitus, but also possibly a locomotion pattern different from that of all other Parastenocarididae. This modified P4 could be used to grasp the female during coupling, because it forms a second set of pincers, longer and stronger than the one created by the P3.

Affiliations: 1: Dipartimento di Scienze Ambientali, Università degli Studi della Tuscia, Largo dell'Università snc, Viterbo, I-01100 Italy; 2: Fondazione Edmund Mach, IASMA Research and Innovation Centre, Environment and Natural Resources Area, Via E. Mach, 1, S. Michele all'Adige (TN), I-38010 Italy


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Ahnert A. 1994 Eidonomie, Systematik und Entwicklung von Potamocaris Dussart 1979 und Forficatocaris Jakobi 1969 (Copepoda, Harpacticoida, Parastenocarididae) sowie Verteilung im Lebensraum und Verhalten zweier koexistierender Vertreter beider Gattungen an einem sandigen Flußabschnitt im Küstengebirge von São Paulo (Brasilien), Christian-Albrechts-Universität, Kiel, PhD Thesis, pp.
2. Ahnert A. 1998 "Has the main habitat of Potamocarisspecies been overlooked until now? (Harpacticoida, Parastenocarididae)" Journal of Marine Systems, Special Volume Vol 15 121 125
3. Apostolov A. 2005 "Copépodes harpacticoïdes stygobies de France. 7. Description de deux nouveaux copépodes du genre ParastenocarisKessler, 1913" Crustaceana Vol 78 95 112
4. Berera R. , Cottarelli V. 2003 "Two new species of interstitial harpacticoids from southern Italy and proposal of a new Parastenocarisspecies-group" Italian Journal of Zoology Vol 70 261 268
5. Boxshall G. A. , Jaume D. 2000 "Making waves: the repeated colonization of fresh water by copepod crustaceans" Advances in Ecological Research Vol 31 61 79
6. Bozic B. 1978 "Une nouvelle Parastenocarisdu Hoggar (Crustacea, Copepoda, Harpacticoida)" Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris Vol 514 239 244
7. Bruno M. C. , Cottarelli V. 1998 "Description of Parastenocaris amalasuntaen. sp. and new data on Parastenocaris proserpinaand Parastenocaris pasquiniifrom subterranean waters of central Italy (Copepoda, Harpacticoida)" Italian Journal of Zoology Vol 65 121 136
8. Bruno M. C. , Cottarelli V. 1999 "Harpacticoids from groundwaters in the Philippines: Parastenocaris mangyansnew species, Epactophanes philippinusnew species and redescription of Phyllognathopus bassoti(Crustacea, Copepoda)" Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 19 510 529
9. Chappuis P. A. 1925 "Sur les Copépodes et les Syncarides des eaux souterraines de Cluj et des Monts Bihar" Buletinul Societatii de Stiinte din Cluj Vol 2 157 182
10. Chappuis P. A. 1940 "Die Harpacticoiden des Grundwassers des unteren Maintales" Archiv für Hydrobiologie Vol 36 286 305
11. Chappuis P. A. 1955 "Notes sur les Copépodes. 18. Nouveaux Harpacticoïdes des Pyrénées" Notes Biospéologiques Vol 10 89 101
12. Corgosinho P. H. C. , Martínez-Arbizu P. 2005 "Two new interstitial species of RemaneicarisJakobi (Copepoda, Harpacticoida, Parastenocarididae) from the Ribeirão do Ouro river, Brazil, with a redefinition of the genus" Senckenbergiana Biologica Vol 85 147 162
13. Corgosinho P. H. C. , Martínez-Arbizu P. , Reid J. W. 2008 "Revision of the genus Murunducaris(Copepoda: Harpacticoida: Parastenocarididae), with descriptions of two new species from South America" Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 28 700 720
14. Corgosinho P. H. C. , Martínez-Arbizu P. , Santos-Silva E. N. 2007 "Three new species of RemaneicarisJakobi, 1972 (Copepoda, Harpacticoida, Parastenocarididae) from the Ribeirão do Ouro River, Minas Gerais, Brazil, with some remarks on the ground pattern of Parastenocarididae" Zootaxa Vol 1437 1 28
15. Cottarelli V. 1970a " Parastenocaris tyrrhenidisn. sp., nuovo arpacticide interstiziale di Sardegna (Crustacea, Copepoda)" Fragmenta Entomologica Vol 7 61 71
16. Cottarelli V. 1970b "Una nuova Parastenocaris(Crustacea, Copepoda) della falda iporreica del fiume Liscia (Sardegna)" Rivista di Idrobiologia Vol 9 93 107
17. Cottarelli V. 1971 " Ichnusella eionen. gen., n. sp. (Copepoda, Harpacticoida), nuovo Crostaceo di acque interstiziali Italiane" Rendiconti dell'Istituto Lombardo di Scienze e Lettere (B) Vol 105 57 70
18. Cottarelli V. 1972 " Parastenocaris(Copepoda, Harpacticoida) di alcune laghi vulcanici del Lazio" Rendiconti dell'Istituto Lombardo di Scienze e Lettere (B) Vol 106 138 155
19. Cottarelli V. , Bruno M. C. 1993 "Harpacticoida (Crustacea, Copepoda) from subterranean waters of Bue Marino cave, Sardinia, and St. Barthélémy cave, Corsica, and description of three new species" International Journal of Speleology Vol 22 97 119
20. Cottarelli V. , Bruno M. C. 1997 "First record of Parastenocarididae (Crustacea, Copepoda, Harpacticoida) from subterranean freshwater of insular Greece and description of two new species" International Journal of Speleology Vol 25 43 57
21. Cottarelli V. , Maiolini B. 1980 " Parastenocaris venerisn. sp., nuovo arpacticoide interstiziale del Lago di Vico (Crustacea, Copepoda)" Fragmenta Entomologica Vol 15 243 252
22. Cottarelli V. , Mura G. 1982 " Parastenocaris arganoin. sp., a new troglobian species from Malaysia" Malayan Nature Journal Vol 35 65 71
23. Cottarelli V. , Bruno M. C. , Berera R. 2006 "A new species of Parastenocarisfrom Mindoro Island, Philippines: Parastenocaris distinctan. sp. (Crustacea: Copepoda: Harpacticoida: Parastenocarididae)" Zootaxa Vol 1368 57 68
24. Cottarelli V. , Bruno M. C. , Berera R. 2007 "Interstitial harpacticoids from groundwater in Tuscany (Central Italy): Parastenocaris reidaen. sp., Nitocrella ensiferan. sp., and notes on the morphology of Parastenocariscf. glacialisNoodt (Crustacea: Copepoda)" Italian Journal of Zoology Vol 74 83 99
25. Cottarelli V. , Bruno M. C. , Berera R. 2008 "Two new Parastenocaris(Copepoda, Harpacticoida, Parastenocarididae) from groundwater of Sardinia and Sicily (Italy)" Crustaceana Vol 81 537 555
26. Delamare Deboutteville C. 1960 Biologie des eaux souterraines littorales et continentales Hermann Paris
27. Dumont H. J. 1981 "Cladocera and free-living Copepoda from the Fouta Djalon and adjacent mountain areas in West Africa" Hydrobiologia Vol 85 97 116
28. Dussart B. H. 1979 "Algunos Copépodos de America del Sur" Publicación Occasional, Museo Nacional de Historia Natural, Santiago de Chile Vol 30 1 13
29. Dussart B. H. 1983 "Sobre algunos Copépodos de America del Sur. 3" Comunicaciones Científicas del CECOAL (Centro de Ecologia Aplicada del Litoral), Argentina Vol 16 1 8
30. Enckell P. H. 1970 "Parastenocarididae (Copepoda Harpacticoida) from Ceylon" Arkiv für Zoologi Vol 22 545 556
31. Galassi D. M. P. 2001 "Groundwater copepods: diversity patterns over ecological and evolutionary scales" Hydrobiologia Vol 453/454 227 253
32. Galassi D. M. P. , De Laurentiis P. 2004 "Towards a revision of the genus ParastenocarisKessler, 1913: establishment of Simplicarisn. gen. from groundwater in central Italy and review of the P. brevipes-group (Copepoda, Harpacticoida, Parastenocarididae)" Zoological Journal of the Linnaean Society Vol 140 417 436
33. Galassi D. M. P. , Petitta M. , Stoch F. 2008 "Conservation and management" 115 138 In, Galassi D. M. P. , Petitta M. , Stoch F. (eds.), Subterranean Waters—Hidden Biodiversity Museo Friulano di Storia Naturale Udine, Italy
34. Gibert J. , Deharveng L. 2002 "Subterranean ecosystems: a truncated functional biodiversity" BioScience Vol 52 473 481[0473:SEATFB]2.0.CO;2
35. Glatzel T. 1991 "Neue morphologische Aspekte und die Copepodid-Stadien von Parastenocaris phylluraKiefer (Copepoda, Harpacticoida)" Zoologica Scripta Vol 20 375 393
36. Glatzel T. 1996 "Mating behaviour of the groundwater copepod Parastenocaris phylluraKiefer, 1938 (Copepoda: Harpacticoida)" Contributions to Zoology Vol 66 103 108
37. Hall R. 2002 "Cenozoic geological and plate tectonic evolution of SE Asia and the SW Pacific: computer-based reconstructions and animations" Journal of Asian Earth Sciences Vol 20 353 434
38. Hertzog L. 1936 "Crustaceen aus unterirdischen Biotopen des Rheintales bei Strassburg. I. Mitteilung" Zoologischer Anzeiger Vol 114 271 279
39. Huys R. , Boxshall G. A. 1991 Copepod Evolution The Ray Society London pp.
40. ICZN 1999 International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, fourth ed International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature London
41. Jakobi H. 1969 " Forficatocaris noodtin. gen., n. sp. (Copepoda Harpacticoidea) aus brasilianischem Limnopsammal" Crustaceana Vol 17 231 238
42. Jakobi H. 1972a "Trends (Enp. P4♂) innerhalb der Parastenocarididen (Copepoda Harpacticoidea)" Crustaceana Vol 22 127 146
43. Jakobi H. 1972b "Zur Kenntnis der Forficatocaris-Zoenose des Nhundiaquara (Parana - Brasilien)" Studies on Neotropical Fauna Vol 7 239 251
44. Karanovic T. 2004 "Subterranean Copepoda from arid Western Australia" Crustaceana Monograph Vol 3 1 366
45. Karanovic T. 2005 "Two new subterranean Parastenocarididae (Crustacea, Copepoda, Harpacticoida) from Western Australia" Records of the Western Australian Museum Vol 22 353 374
46. Karanovic T. 2006 "Subterranean copepods (Crustacea, Copepoda) from the Pilbara region in Western Australia" Records of the Western Australian Museum, supplement Vol 70 1 239
47. Kessler E. 1913 " Parastenocaris brevipesnov. gen et nov. spec., ein neuer Süsswasserharpacticide" Zoologischer Anzeiger Vol 42 514 520
48. Kiefer F. 1938 "Neue harpacticoide Ruderfusskrebse (Crust. Cop.) aus dem Grundwasser von Aschaffenburg (Main)" Zoologischer Anzeiger Vol 123 142 147
49. Lang K. 1948 Monographie der Harpacticiden Nordiska Bokhandeln Stockholm pp.
50. Martínez-Arbizu P. 1997 " Parastenocaris hispanican.sp. (Copepoda: Harpacticoida: Parastenocarididae) from hyporheic groundwaters in Spain and its phylogenetic position within the fontinalis-group of species" Contributions to Zoology Vol 66 215 226
51. Martínez-Arbizu P. , Moura G. 1994 "The phylogenetic position of the Cylindropsyllinae Sars (Copepoda, Harpacticoida) and the systematic status of the Leptopontiinae Lang" Zoologische Beiträge, Neue Folge Vol 35 55 77
52. Millennium Ecosystem Assessment 2005 Ecosystems and Human Well-being: Biodiversity Synthesis World Resources Institute Washington, D.C pp.
53. Naiman R. J. 2008 "Freshwater Animal Diversity Assessment. Foreword" Hydrobiologia Vol 595 1 2
54. Noodt W. 1955 "Eine neue Parastenocaris(Copepoda-Harpacticoidea) als Vertreter in limnischen Mesopsammons aus Südamerika" Archiv für Hydrobiologie Vol 50 76 81
55. Noodt W. , Galhano M. H. 1969 "Studien an Crustacea subterranea (Isopoda, Syncarida, Copepoda) aus dem Norden Portugals" Publicações do Instituto de Zoologia “Dr. Augusto Nobre” Vol 107 9 75
56. Ranga Reddy Y. 2001 "Discovery of Parastenocarididae (Copepoda, Harpacticoida) in India, with the description of three new species of ParastenocarisKessler, 1913, from the River Krishna at Vijayawada" Crustaceana Vol 74 705 733
57. Ranga Reddy Y. , Defaye D. 2007 "Parastenocarididae (Crustacea, Copepoda, Harpacticoida) of India: description of Parastenocaris mahanadin. sp., and redescription of P. curvispinusEnckell, 1970 from hyporheic habitats" Zootaxa Vol 1580 1 26
58. Ranga Reddy Y. , Defaye D. 2009 "Two new Parastenocarididae (Copepoda, Harpacticoida) from India: Parastenocaris muvattupuzhan. sp. from a river and P. kotumsarensisn. sp. from a cave" Zootaxa Vol 2077 31 55
59. Ranga Reddy Y. , Schminke H. K. 2009 "Discovery of the genus KinnecarisJakobi, 1972 (Copepoda, Harpacticoida, Parastenocarididae) in southeastern India, with description of a new species" Crustaceana Vol 82 311 326
60. Reid J. W. 1991 "The neotropical genus PotamocarisDussart (Copepoda: Harpacticoida: Parastenocarididae) with description of two new species" Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 11 463 472
61. Reid J. W. 1994 " Murunducaris juneae, new genus, new species (Copepoda: Harpacticoida: Parastenocarididae) from a wet campo in central Brazil" Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 14 771 781
62. Reid J. W. 1995 "Redescription of Parastenocaris brevipesKessler and description of a new species of Parastenocaris(Copepoda: Harpacticoida: Parastenocarididae) from the U.S.A" Canadian Journal of Zoology Vol 73 173 18
63. Sala O. E. , Chapin F. S. III , Armeston J. J. , Berlow E. , Bloomfield J. , Dirzo R. , Huber-Sanwald E. , Huenneke L. F. , Jackson R. B. , Kinzig A. , Leemans R. , Lodge D. M. , Mooney H. A. , Oesterheld M. , Poff N. L. , Sykes M. T. , Walker B. H. , Walker M. , Wall D. H. 2000 "Global Biodiversity Scenarios for the Year 2100" Science Vol 287 1770 1774
64. Sars G. O. 1906 "Copepoda Harpacticoida. Parts XV & XVI. Diosaccidae (concluded), Canthocamptidae (part). An Account of the Crustacea of Norway, with short descriptions and figures of all the species" Bergen Museum, Bergen Vol 5 173 196
65. Schminke H. K. 1981 "Perspectives in the study of the zoogeography of interstitial Crustacea: Bathynellacea (Syncarida) and Parastenocarididae (Copepoda)" International Journal of Speleology Vol 11 83 89
66. Schminke H. K. 1991 "Sexual dimorphism in furcal rami of Parastenocarididae (Copepoda: Harpacticoida)" Bulletin of the Plankton Society of Japan, Special Volume 573 584
67. Schminke H. K. 2008 "First report of groundwater fauna from Papua New Guinea: KinnecarisJakobi, 1972 redefined (Copepoda, Harpacticoida, Parastenocarididae), and description of a new species" Crustaceana Vol 81 1241 1253
68. Schminke H. K. 2009 " Monodicarisgen. n. (Copepoda, Harpacticoida, Parastenocarididae) from West Africa" Crustaceana Vol 82 367 378
69. Schram F. R. 2008 "Does biogeography have a future in a globalized world with globalized faunas?" Contributions to Zoology Vol 77 127 133
70. Stoch F. 2000 "New and little known Parastenocaris(Copepoda, Harpacticoida, Parastenocarididae) from cave waters in northeastern Italy" Bollettino del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona, Botanica Zoologica Vol 24 223 234
71. Tang D. , Knott B. 2009 "Freshwater cyclopoids and harpacticoids (Crustacea: Copepoda) from the Gnangara Mound region of Western Australia" Zootaxa Vol 2029 1 70

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation