Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Interspecific Differences in the Phenotypic Plasticity of Intertidal Barnacles in Response to Habitat Changes

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites

image of Journal of Crustacean Biology

Abstract We evaluate the morphological variation of cirri of two intertidal barnacles in response to different wave-exposure regimes and population densities during growth. Length, diameter and number of segments of the third and sixth cirri were determined in Jehlius cirratus and Notochthamalus scabrosus, two dominant sympatric species in the rocky intertidal zone of Chile. Aggregated and isolated individuals of both species were collected in two coastal localities. Reciprocal transplant experiments were undertaken between wave-protected and wave-exposed zones, in addition to experimental modification of density during growth. For both species, individuals inhabiting wave-protected zones had cirri that were longer, thinner, with a greater number of segments, than in those inhabiting wave-exposed zones. The sixth cirri of J. cirratus were longer, thicker and had more segments in specimens growing at high densities, than in individuals growing in isolation. In N. scabrosus, no density dependent effects were observed in cirral structure. Thus, phenotypic responses differed between species, depending on the morphometric or meristic variable of the cirral pair evaluated. Forty-five days after J. cirratus density conditions and wave-exposure regime were modified in the transplant experiments, changes were observed in cirral length, diameter, and number of cirral segments. No modification was observed in the cirral characteristics over time in specimens whose density was artificially reduced during growth. Results indicate that morphological structures associated with filtration and respiration, vary according to density and degree of wave-exposure. We suggest that cirral phenotypic variability can serve as an adaptive mechanism associated with the changing availability and access to food and contributes to explaining the success of these organisms in environments with high spatial-temporal fluctuations in biotic and abiotic factors.

Affiliations: 1: Departamento de Acuicultura y Recursos Acuáticos, Universidad de Los Lagos, Casilla 933, Osorno, Chile

Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1651/09-3211.1
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Anderson D. T. 1994 Barnacles. Structure, Function, Development and Evolution Chapman and Hall London, UK
2. Anderson D. T. , Southward A. J. 1987 "Cirral activity of barnacles" 135 174 In, Southward A. J. (ed.), Crustacean Issues 5: Barnacle Biology A. A. Balkema Rotterdam
3. Arsenault D. J. , Marchinko K. B. , Palmer A. R. 2001 "Precise tuning of barnacle leg length to coastal wave action" Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B Vol 268 2149 2154 http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2001.1776
4. Barnes H. , Powell H. T. 1950 "The development, general morphology, and subsequent elimination of barnacle population after a heavy initial settlement" Journal of Animal Ecology Vol 19 175 179 http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1526
5. Bertness M. D. 1989 "Positive and negative density-dependent mortality and the population structure of Semibalanus balanoidesin sheltered bay habitat" Ecology Vol 70 257 268 http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1938431
6. Bertness M. D. , Gaines S. D. , Yeh S. M. 1998 "Making mountains out of barnacles: The dynamic of acorn barnacle hummocking" Ecology Vol 74 1382 1394 http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/0012-9658(1998)079[1382:MMOOBT]2.0.CO;2
7. Brattström H. 1990 "Intertidal ecology of the northern part of the Chilean Archipelago" Sarsia Vol 75 105 160
8. Chan B. K. , Hung O. S. 2005 "Cirral length of the acorn barnacle Tetraclita japonica(Cirripedia : Balanomorpha) in Hong Kong: effect of wave exposure and tidal height" Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 25 329 332 http://dx.doi.org/10.1651/C-2535
9. Chang E. S. 1989 "Endocrine regulation of moulting in crustacean" Review of Aquatic Science Vol 1 131 157
10. Crisp D. J. , Patel B. S. 1960 "The moulting cycle in Balanus balanoides(L)" The Biological Bulletin Vol 118 31 47 http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1539053
11. Crisp D. J. , MacLean F. J. 1990 "The relation between the dimensions of the cirral net, the beat frequency and the size and age of the animal in Balanus balanoidesand Elminius modestus " Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom Vol 70 351 389 http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0025315400036547
12. Darwin C. R. 1854 A monograph on the Sub-class Cirripedia, with figures of all species. The Balanidae, the Verrucidae. Ray Society London
13. Dill L. M. , Gillett J. F. 1991 "The economic logic of barnacle Balanus glandula(Darwin) hiding behaviour" Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology Vol 153 115 127 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-0981(05)80010-3
14. Hills J. M. , Thomason J. C. 2003a "The “ghost of settlement past” determines mortality and fecundity in the barnacle, Semibalanus balanoides " Oikos Vol 101 529 583 http://dx.doi.org/10.1034/j.1600-0706.2003.12332.x
15. Hills J. M. , Thomason J. C. 2003b "Recruitment density can determine adult morphology and fecundity in the barnacle, Semibalanus balanoides " Biofouling Vol 19 205 213
16. Hoch J. M. 2008 "Variation in penis morphology and mating ability in the acorn barnacle, Semibalanus balanoides " Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology Vol 359 126 130 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2008.03.002
17. Hoch J. M. 2009 "Adaptative plasticity of the penis in a simultaneous hermaphrodite" Evolution Vol 63 1946 1953 http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1558-5646.2009.00668.x
18. Jarrett J. N. 2008 "Inter-population variation in shell morphology of the barnacle Chthamalus fissus " Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 28 16 20 http://dx.doi.org/10.1651/07-2851R.1
19. Jarrett J. N. 2009 "Predator-induced defense in the barnacle Chthamalus fissus " Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 29 329 333 http://dx.doi.org/10.1651/08-3119.1
20. Jenkins S. R. , Murua J. , Burrows M. T. 2008 "Temporal changes in the strength of density-dependent mortality and growth in intertidal barnacles" Journal of Animal Ecology Vol 77 573 584 http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2656.2008.01366.x
21. Kaandorp J. A. 1999 "Morphological analysis of growth forms of branching marine sessile organisms along environmental gradients" Marine Biology Vol 134 295 306 http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s002270050547
22. Li N. K. , Denny M. W. 2004 "Limits to phenotypic plasticity: Flow effects on barnacle feeding appendages" The Biological Bulletin Vol 206 (3) 121 124 http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1543635
23. Lively C. M. 1986a "Competition, comparative life histories, and maintenance of shell dimorphism in a barnacle" Ecology Vol 67 858 864 http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1939808
24. Lively C. M. 1986b "Predators-induced shell dimorphism in the acorn barnacle Chthamalus anisopoma " Evolution Vol 40 232 242 http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2408804
25. Lively C. M. 1999 "Developmental strategies in spatially variable environments: Barnacle dimorphism and strategic models of selection" 245 258 In, Tollrain R. , Harvell C. D. (eds.), The Ecology and Evolution of Inducible Defenses Princeton University Press Princeton
26. López D. A. , González M. L. 2003 "Density-dependent effects in Jehlius cirratus(Darwin, 1854) (Cirripedia: Chthamalidae) under different growth conditions" Marine Ecology Vol 24 289 302 http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1439-0485.2003.00851.x
27. López D. A. , Guaitro S. Y. , López D. A. 2007a "Density-dependent effects on the cirral structure of the barnacle Jehlius cirratus(Darwin 1854) (Cirripedia)" Crustaceana Vol 80 793 801 http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/156854007781363079
28. López D. A. , López B. A. , González M. L. 2007b "Bibliographic index on aquatic biodiversity of Chile: Crustacea, Cirripedia, Thoracica" Ciencia y Tecnología del Mar Vol 30 161 165
29. Marchinko K. B. 2003 "Dramatic phenotypic plasticity in barnacle legs ( Balanus glandulaDarwin): magnitude, age dependence, and speed of response" Evolution Vol 56 1281 1290 http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0014-3820.2003.tb00336.x
30. Marchinko K. B. 2007 "Feeding behavior reveals the adaptive nature of plasticity in barnacle feeding limbs" The Biological Bulletin Vol 213 12 15 http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/25066613
31. Marchinko K. B. , Palmer A. R. 2003 "Feeding in flow extremes dependence of cirrus form on wave-exposure in four barnacle species" Zoology Vol 106 127 141 http://dx.doi.org/10.1078/0944-2006-00107
32. Mauck R. A. , Harkless K. C. 2001 "The effect of group membership on hiding behaviour in the northern rock barnacle, Semibalanus balanoides " Animal Behaviour Vol 62 743 748 http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/anbe.2001.1798
33. Miller L. P. 2007 "Feeding in extreme flows: behaviour compensates for mechanical constraints in barnacle cirri" Marine Ecology Progress Series Vol 349 227 234 http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps07099
34. Neufeld C. J. , Palmer A. R. 2008 "Precisely proportioned: intertidal barnacles alter penis form to suit coastal wave action" Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B Vol 275 1081 1087 http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2007.1760
35. Okamura B. , Partridge J. C. 1999 "Suspension feeding adaptations to extreme flow environments in a marine bryozoan" Biological Bulletin Vol 196 205 215 http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1542566
36. Pallas P. S. 1788 "Voyages de M.P.S. Pallas, En Differentes Provinces de L'empire de Russie, et Dans L'asie Septentrionale" Cinq Volumes in 4, et Un de Planches.
37. Pentcheff N. D. 1991 "Resistance to crushing from wave-borne debris in the barnacle Balanus glandula " Marine Biology Vol 110 399 408 http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01344359
38. Pilsbry H. A. 1916 "The sessile barnacles (Cirripedia) contained in the collections of the U.S. National Museum; including a monograph of the American species" Bulletin of the United States National Museum Vol 93 1 366 http://dx.doi.org/10.5479/si.03629236.93.1
39. Pitombo F. B. , Ross A. 2002 "A checklist of the intertidal and shallow-water sessile barnacles of the Eastern Pacific, Alaska to Chile" Contributions to the Study of East Pacific Crustaceans Vol 1 97 106
40. Pullen J. , LaBarbera M. 1991 "Modes of feeding in aggregations of barnacles and the shape of aggregations" The Biological Bulletin Vol 181 442 452 http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1542364
41. Sanford E. , Menge B. A. 2001 "Spatial and temporal variation in barnacle growth in a coastal upwelling system" Marine Ecology Progress Series Vol 209 143 157 http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps209143
42. Sanford E. , Bermudez D. , Bertness M. D. , Gaines S. D. 1994 "Flow, food supply and acorn barnacle population dynamics" Marine Ecology Progress Series Vol 104 49 62 http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps104049
43. Sokal R. R. , Rohlf F. J. 1995 Biometry: The Principles and Practices of Statistics in Biological Research. Third edition W. H. Freeman New York
44. Sowerby G. B. 1821-1834 "The Genera of Recent and fFossil Shells" London. 1: pls. 1-126 + text (not numbered) (1821-1825); 2: pls. 127-162 + text (not numbered) (1825-1834).
45. Statsoft, Inc. 2004 "STATISTICA (data analysis software system), version 7" .
46. Stearns S. C. 1989 "The evolutionary significance of phenotypic plasticity" BioScience Vol 39 436 445 http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1311135
47. Thomason J. C. , Hills J. M. , Mapson P. 2000 "The consequence of seasonal reproductive strategies for the interpretation of settlement trials" Biofouling Vol 16 171 179 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08927010009378455
48. Walton-Smith F. G. 1974 CRC Handbook of marine science CRC Press Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.A
49. Wethey D. S. 1983 "Intrapopulation variation in growth of sessile organism: natural population of the intertidal barnacle Balanus balanoides " Oikos Vol 40 14 23 http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3544195
50. Wethey D. S. 1984 "Effects of crowding on fecundity in barnacles: Balanus balanoides, Balanus glandula, and Chthamalus dalli " Canadian Journal of Zoology Vol 62 1788 1795 http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/z84-261
51. Wu R. S. S. 1980 "Effects of crowding on the energetics of the barnacle Balanus glandula(Darwin)" Canadian Journal of Zoology Vol 58 559 556 http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/z80-078
52. Wu R. S. S. , Levings C. D. , Randall D. J. 1977 "Differences in energy partitioning between crowded and uncrowded individual barnacles" Canadian Journal of Zoology Vol 55 643 647 http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/z77-084
53. Zar J. H. 1999 Biostatistical Analysi.s Fourth edition Prentice Hall New Jersey
54. Zhang Y. 2006 "Balancing food availability and hydrodynamic constraint: phenotypic plasticity and growth in Simulum noelleriblackfly larvae" Oecologia Vol 147 39 46 http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00442-005-0243-9
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1651/09-3211.1
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1651/09-3211.1
2010-01-01
2016-09-28

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation