Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Indeterminate Growth of the Fairy Shrimp, Branchinella (Branchinellites) kugenumaensis (Branchiopoda: Anostraca) in an Unpredictable Ephemeral Pool

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Journal of Crustacean Biology

Abstract A major life-history challenge for fairy shrimps (Anostraca) is the unpredictable environment of the ephemeral pool. The duration and predictability of pool inundations affects their life history strategy. The growth and reproduction schedule of a thamnocephalid fairy shrimp, Branchinella (Branchinellites) kugenumaensis, in an unpredictable ephemeral pool in northern Taiwan was monitored from 2004 to 2008. A total of 15 inundation episodes, resulting from typhoons or, occasionally, frontal systems, was recorded over the five-year period. Thirteen episodes lasted no more than 2-3 weeks. Two exceptionally long inundation periods were caused by additional rain events before the pool dried out. We recorded the growth patterns, egg spawning time, and clutch size of each fairy shrimp cohort during each inundation episode. No significant differences were observed in either growth or reproductive pattern from hatching to first spawning between short and long inundation episodes. The fairy shrimps stopped increasing in size during the first clutch production. Upon subsequent rainfall before the pool dried, the shrimp stopped reproducing and resumed growth, demonstrating a discontinuously indeterminate growth pattern, before resuming egg production. Body length was positively correlated with clutch size, and this can be expressed as clutch size  =  0.0059 body length 3.165. The potential reproductive fitness of this indeterminate growth strategy demonstrates optimal resource allocation between growth and reproduction.

Affiliations: 1: Institute of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Allaine D. , Pontier D. , Gaillard J. M. , Lebreton J. D. , Trouvilliez J. , Colbert J. 1987 "The relationship between fecundity and adult body weight in homeotherms" Oecologia Vol 73 478 480
2. Beladjal L. , Peiren N. , Vandekerckhove T. T. M. , Mertens J. 2003 "Different life histories of the co-occurring fairy shrimps Branchipus schaefferiand Streptocephalus torvicornis(Anostraca)" Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 23 300 307
3. Belk D. 1996 "Global status and trends in ephemeral pool invertebrate conservation: implications for Californian fairy shrimp" 147 150 In, Witham C. W. , Bauder E. T. , Belk D. , Ferren W. R. Jr , Ornduff R. (eds.), Ecology, Conservation, and Management of Vernal Pool Ecosystems—Proceedings from a 1996 Conference California Native Plant Society Sacramento 1998.
4. Blueweiss L. , Fox H. , Kudzma V. , Nakashima D. , Peters R. , Sams S. 1978 "Relationships between body size and some life history parameters" Oecologia Vol 37 257 272
5. Brendonck L. , Belk D. 1997 " Branchinella maduraiensisRaj (Crustacea, Branchiopoda, Anostraca) shown by new evidence to be a valid species" Hydrobiologia Vol 359 93 99
6. Chou L-S. 2004 Life History Study of Fairy Shrimp, Branchinella kugenumaensis (Branchiopoda, Crustacea), in Yangmingshan National Park (in Chinese) Yangmingshan National Park, The Construction and Planning Agency Taiwan 42
7. Chou L-S. , Huang W-P. , Huang S-L. 2006 Taxonomic Identification and Effect of Temperature on Growth of Clam shrimp at Shiangtian Pond in Yangminshan National Park (in Chinese) Yangmingshan National Park, The Construction and Planning Agency Taiwan 36
8. Chou L-S. , Huang W-P. , Wang C-C. 2008 The Community Ecology of Branchiopods at Siangtian Pool in Yangmingshan National Park (in Chinese) Yangmingshan National Park, The Construction and Planning Agency Taiwan 54
9. Daborn G. R. 1975 "Life history and energy relations of the giant fairy shrimp, Branchinecta gigas, Lynch 1937 (Crustacea: Anostraca)" Ecology Vol 56 1025 1039
10. Eder E. , Hödl W. 2002 "Large freshwater branchiopods in Austria: diversity, threats and conservational status" 281 289 In, Escobar-Briones E. , Alvarez F. (eds.), Modern Approaches to the Study of Crustacea Kluwer New York
11. Engen S. , Saether B. E. 1994 "Optimal allocation of resources to growth and reproduction" Theoretical Population Biology Vol 46 232 248
12. Grygier M. J. , Kusuoka Y. , Ida M. Lake Biwa Museum Field Reporters 2002 "Distributional survey of large branchiopods of rice paddies in Shiga Prefecture, Japan: a Lake Biwa Museum project based on lay amateur participation" Hydrobiologia Vol 486 133 146
13. Hamer M. L. , Appleton C. C. 1991 "Life history adaptations of phyllopods in response to predators, vegetation, and habitat duration in north-eastern Natal" Hydrobiologia Vol 212 105 116
14. Hathaway S. A. , Simovich M. A. 1996 "Factors affecting the distribution and co-occurrence of two southern Californian anostracans (Branchiopoda), Branchinecta sandiegonensisand Streptocephalus woottoni " Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 16 669 677
15. Heino M. , Kaitala V. 1999 "Evolution of resource allocation between growth and reproduction in animals with indeterminate growth" Journal of Evolutionary Biology Vol 12 423 429
16. Hildrew A. G. 1985 "A quantitive study of the life history of a fairy shrimp, Brachiopoda Anostraca, in relation to the temporary nature of its habitat, a Kenyan rain pool" Journal of Animal Ecology Vol 54 99 110
17. Huang S-L. , Chou L-S. 2005 Population Ecology of Fairy Shrimp (Branchinella kugenumaensis Ishikawa) in Yangmingshan National Park (in Chinese) Yangmingshan National Park, The Construction and Planning Agency Taiwan 39
18. Ishikawa C. 1895 "Phyllopod Crustacea of Japan" Zoological Magazine Vol 7 1 6
19. Katsukawa Y. , Katsukawa T. , Matsuda H. 2002 "Indeterminate growth is selected by a trade-off between high fecundity and risk avoidance in stochastic environments" Population Ecology Vol 44 265 272
20. Kusumi H. 1961 "Studies of the fossil estherids with special reference to recent estherids" Geological Report of the Hiroshima University Vol 7 1 88 , Pls I-IX
21. Lika K. , Kooijman S. A. L. M. 2003 "Life history implications of allocation to growth versus reproduction in dynamic energy budgets" Bulletin of Mathematical Biology Vol 65 809 834
22. Lin Y-S. , Chou L-S. 1991 Investigation of the ecology of fairy shrimp, Branchinella kugenumaensis (in Chinese) Yangmingshan National Park, The Construction and Planning Agency Taiwan 37
23. Maffei C. , Vagaggini D. , Zarattini P. , Mura G. 2005 "The dormancy problem for Crustacea Anostraca: A rigorous model connecting hatching strategies and environmental conditions" Ecological Modeling Vol 185 469 481
24. Marcus V. , Weeks S. C. 1997 "The effects of pond duration on the life history traits of an ephemeral pond crustacean, Eulimnadia texana " Hydrobiologia Vol 359 213 221
25. Mura G. 1991 "Life history and interspecies relationships of Chirocephalus diaphanusPrévost and Tanymastix stagnalis(L.) (Crustacea, Anostraca) inhabiting a group of mountain ponds in Latium, Italy" Hydrobiologia Vol 212 45 59
26. Mura G. 1997 "The life history of Chirocephalus kerkyrensisPesta (Crustacea: Anostraca) in temporary waters of Circeo National Park (Latium, Italy)" Hydrobiologia Vol 346 11 23
27. Mura G. 2001 "Life history strategy of Chirocephalus ruffoi(Crustacea, Anostraca) in Mediterranean temporary mountain pools" Hydrobiologia Vol 462 145 156
28. Mura G. , Fancello G. , Di Giuseppe S. 2003 "Adaptive strategies in populations of Chirocephalus diaphanus(Crustacea, Anostraca) from temporary waters in the Reatine Apennines (Central Italy)" Journal of Limnology Vol 62 35 40
29. Raj P. J. S. 1961 "Morphology and distribution of B ranchinella kugenumaensis(Ishikawa), var maduriRaj" The Ohio Journal of Science Vol 61 257 262
30. Ripley B. J. , Holtz J. , Simovich M. A. 2004 "Cyst bank life-history model for a fairy shrimp from ephemeral ponds" Freshwater Biology Vol 49 221 231
31. Simovich M. A. , Hathaway S. A. 1997 "Diversified bet-hedging as a reproductive strategy of some ephemeral pool anostracans (Branchiopoda)" Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 17 38 44
32. Stearns S. C. 1992 The Evolution of Life Histories Oxford University Press Oxford
33. Yamada C. 1999 "The life history of Branchinella kugenumaensisIshikawa (Crustacea, Branchiopoda), with special reference to the number of generations and the changes of body color with their growth (in Japanese)" The Nanki Seibutu [aka Nankiseibutu] Vol 41 (2) 148 154

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Journal of Crustacean Biology — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation