Effects of Salinity Fluctuation on the Growth and Energy Budget of Juvenile Litopenaeus vannamei at Different Temperatures
No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.
You must be logged in to use this functionality
Abstract The effects of salinity fluctuation on the growth, molting and energy budget of juvenile Litopenaeus vannamei was investigated at the temperatures of 20, 25, and 30°C. Salinity fluctuation regimes were set in different amplitudes of ± 0, ± 5, ± 10 and ± 15 gL−1 from a control salinity of 20 gL−1. After a 48-day feeding trial, the lowest survival occurred at a salinity fluctuation of ± 15 gL−1 for each temperature investigated. The best growth of shrimp was obtained at salinity amplitudes of ± 5-10 gL−1 at 25 and 30°C. The salinity fluctuation influenced food conversion efficiency but not food intake. The shrimp maintained at salinity amplitudes of ± 5-10 gL−1 expended most of the energy for growth and spent less energy on respiration and excretion at 25 and 30°C. Therefore, salinity fluctuating amplitudes of ± 5-10 gL−1 result in higher growth rates than constant salinity conditions (20 gL−1) through enhanced feed assimilation and reduced energy loss in respiration and excretion.
Full text loading...
Bate C. S. 1888 "Report on the Crustacea Macrura collected by H.M.S. Challenger during the Years 1873-76"
Boone L. 1931 "A collection of anomuran and macruran Crustacea from the Bay of Panama and the fresh waters of the Canal Zone" Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History Vol 63 137 189
Bray W. A. , Lawrence A. L. , Leung-Trujillo J. R. 1994 "The effect of salinity on growth and survival of Penaeus vannamei, with observations on the interaction of IHHN virus and salinity" Aquaculture Vol 122 133 146 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0044-8486(94)90505-3
Chang E. S. , Bruce M. J. , Tamone S. L. 1993 "Regulation of Crustacean Molting: A Multi-Hormonal System" American Zoologist Vol 33 324 329
Chen J. , Bian P. J. 1994 "An influence of the low salinity upon tiger shrimp Penaeus japonicus " Journal of Zhejiang College Fishery Vol 13 (4) 189 192
Dong Y. W. , Dong S. L. , Tian X. L. , Wang F. , Zhang M. Z. 2006 "Effects of diel temperature fluctuations on growth, oxygen consumption and proximate body composition in the sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicusSelenka" Aquaculture Vol 255 514 521 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2005.12.013
Konstantinov A. S. , Martynova V. V. 1993 "Effect of Salinity Fluctuations on Energetics of Juvenile Fish" Journal of Ichthyology Vol 33 1 8
Leach W. E. 1815 "A tabular view of the external characters of four classes of animals, which Linné arranged under Insecta; with the distribution of the genera composing three of these classes into orders and descriptions of several new genera and species" Transactions of the Linnean Society of London Vol 11 306 400 http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-3642.1813.tb00065.x
Lemos D. , Phan V. N. , Alvarez G. 2001 "Growth, oxygen consumption, ammonia-N excretion, biochemical composition and energy content of Farfantepenaeus paulensisPérez-Farfante (Crustacea, Decapoda, Penaeidae) early postlarvae in different salinities" Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology Vol 261 55 74 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-0981(01)00260-X
Marangos C. , Brogren C. H. , Alliot E. 1989 "The influence of water salinity on the free amino acid concentration in muscle and hepatopancreas of adult shrimp, Penaeus japonicus " Biochemical Systematics and Ecology Vol 17 589 594 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0305-1978(89)90104-X
Mu Y. C. , Wang F. , Dong S. L. 2005a "The effects of salinity fluctuation in different ranges on the intermolt period and growth of juvenile Fenneropenaeus chinensis " Acta Oceanologica Sinica Vol 24 (3) 141 147
Osbeck P. 1765 "Reise nach Ostindien und China. Nedst O. Toreens nach Suratte und C. G. Ekebergs Nachricht von der Landwirthschaft der Chineser" Aus dem Schwedischen übersetzt von J. G. Georgi. Rostock Vol 578
Palacios E. , Bonilla A. , Luna D. 2004 "Survival, Na +/K +–ATPase and lipid responses to salinity challenge in fed and starved white pacific shrimp ( Litopenaeus vannamei) postlarvae" Aquaculture Vol 234 497 511 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2003.12.001
Pérez Farfante I. , Kensley B. 1997 Penaeid and sergestoid shrimp and prawns of the world: keys and diagnoses Mémoires du Muséum National D'Histoire Naturelle Paris
Petrusewicz K. , Macfadyen A. 1970 "Productivity of terrestrial animals: principles and methods" 190 IBP Handbook, vol. 13 Blackwell Oxford
Ponce-Palafox J. , Martinez-Palacios C. A. , Ross L. G. 1997 "The effects of salinity and temperature on the growth and survival rates of juvenile white shrimp Penaeus vannamei, Boone, 1931" Aquaculture Vol 157 107 115 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0044-8486(97)00148-8
Stroganov N. S. 1962 Ekologicheskaya Fiziologiya Ryb. Ecological Physiology of Fish Moscow State University Moscow, Russia
Thomton J. D. , Tamone S. L. , Atkinson S. 2006 "Circulating ecdysteroid concentrations in Alaskan Dungeness crab ( Cancer magister)" Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 26 176 181 http://dx.doi.org/10.1651/C-2625.1
Tian X. L. , Dong S. L. , Wang F. 2004 "Effects of different temperatures on the growth and energy budget of Chinese shrimp, Fenneropenaeus chinensis " Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology Vol 15 678 682
Verslycke T. , Janssen C. R. 2002 "Effects of a changing abiotic environment on the energy metabolism in the estuarine mysid shrimp Neomysis integer(Crustacea: Mysidacea)" Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology Vol 279 61 72 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-0981(02)00339-8
Wang F. , Chen J. 2006 "Effect of salinity on the immune response of tiger shrimp Penaeus monodonand its susceptibility to Photobacterium damselaesubsp. damselae " Fish and Shellfish Immunology Vol 20 671 681 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fsi.2005.08.003
Wang X. Q. , Ma S. , Dong S. L. 2004 "Effects of salinity and dietary carbohydrate levels on growth and energy budget of juvenile Litopenaeus vannamei " Journal of Shellfish Research Vol 23 231 236