Effects of Crowding and Wave Exposure on Cirrus Morphology of the Acorn Barnacle, Semibalanus balanoides
No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.
You must be logged in to use this functionality
Abstract Wave action and density dependent effects can strongly affect the ability of sessile barnacles to feed and assimilate energy. Phenotypic plasticity in cirrus form has been demonstrated in several species of acorn barnacles in response to those factors. Field experiments were used to test whether cirrus morphology of the North Atlantic acorn barnacle, Semibalanus balanoides, varied in sites over a gradient of wave-exposure or in aggregations manipulated for population density and neighborhood size. Variation in morphology of the feeding cirri differed between sites, but was not directly related to estimates of wave exposure. This may have been a result of altered feeding behavior in different types of flow. Cirrus morphology did not vary with either aggregation size or density. This study identifies variation in cirrus form for S. balanoides, suggests its dependence on the hydrodynamic environment and lack of dependence on density.
Full text loading...
Arsenault D. J. , Marchinko K. B. , Palmer A. R. 2001 "Precise tuning of barnacle leg length to coastal wave action" Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences Vol 268 2149 2154 [Crossref]
Barnes M. 1992 "The reproductive periods and condition of the penis in several species of common cirripedes" Oceanography and Marine Biology Vol 30 483 525
Bertness M. D. 1989 "Intraspecific competition and facilitation in a northern acorn barnacle population" Ecology Vol 70 257 268 [Crossref]
Carpenter P. P. 1864 The Mollusks of Western North America Smithsonian Institution Washington D.C
Chan B. K. K. , Hung O. S. 2005 "Cirral length of the acorn barnacle Tetraclita japonica(Cirripedia: Balanomorpha) in Hong Kong: Effect of wave exposure and tidal height" Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 25 329 332 [Crossref]
Cody R. P. , Smith J. K. 2006 Applied Statistics and the SAS Programming Language Pearson Prentice Hall Upper Saddle River, New Jersey
Connell J. 1961 "Effects of competition, predation by Thais lapillis, and other factors on natural populations of the barnacle, Balanus balanoides " Ecological Monographs Vol 31 61 104 [Crossref]
Crisp D. J. , Patel B. S. 1958 "Relation between brooding and ecdysis in cirripedes" Nature Vol 181 1078 1079 [Crossref]
Crisp D. J. , Southward A. J. 1961 "Different types of cirral activity of barnacles" Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B Vol 243 271 307 [Crossref]
Darwin C. 1854 A Monograph of the Subclass Cirripedia with Figures of All the Species. The Balanidae (or Sessile Cirripedes); the Verrucidae etc Ray Society London
Geierman C. , Emlet R. 2009 "Feeding behavior, cirral fan anatomy, Reynolds numbers, and leakiness of Balanus glandula, from post-metamorphic juvenile to the adult" Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology Vol 379 68 76 [Crossref]
Gotelli N. J. , Ellison A. M. 2004 A Primer of Ecological Statistics Sinauer Sunderland, Massachusetts
Hills J. M. , Thomason J. C. 2003 "The ‘ghost of settlement past’ determines mortality and fecundity in the barnacle, Semibalanus balanoides " Oikos Vol 101 529 538 [Crossref]
Hoch J. M. 2008 "Variation in penis morphology and mating ability in the acorn barnacle, Semibalanus balanoides " Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology Vol 359 126 130 [Crossref]
Hoch J. M. 2009 "Adaptive plasticity of the penis in a simultaneous hermaphrodite" Evolution Vol 63 1946 1953 [Crossref]
Jarrett J. N. 2008 "Inter-population variation in the shell morphology of the barnacle Chthamalus fissus " Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 28 16 20 [Crossref]
Leslie H. 2005 "Positive intraspecific effects trump negative effects in high-density barnacle aggregations" Ecology Vol 86 2716 2725 [Crossref]
Li N. , Denny M. W. 2004 "Limits to phenotypic plasticty: flow effects on barnacle feeding appendages. Biological Bulletin" Vol 206 121 124
Linnaeus C. 1767 Systema Naturae Stockholm
Lively C. 1986 "Predator-induced shell dimorphism in the acorn barnacle Chthamalus anisopoma " Evolution Vol 40 232 242 [Crossref]
López B. A. , Guaitro S. Y. , López D. A. 2007 "Density-dependent effects on the cirral structure of the barnacle, Jehlius cirratus " Crustaceana Vol 80 793 801 [Crossref]
López B. A. , Ramirez R. P. , Guaitro S. Y. , López D. A. 2010 "Interspecific differences in the phenotypic plasticity of intertidal barnacles in response to habitat changes" Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 30 357 365 [Crossref]
López D. A. , López B. A. , Burgos I. C. , Arriagada S. E. , González M. L. 2007 "Consequences of base modification in hummocks of the barnacle Austromegabalanus psittacus " New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research Vol 41 291 298 [Crossref]
Marchinko K. B. 2003 "Dramatic phenotypic plasticity in barnacle legs ( Balanus glandulaDarwin): Magnitude, Age dependence and speed of response" Evolution Vol 57 1281 1290 [Crossref]
Marchinko K. B. 2007 "Feeding behavior reveals the adaptive nature of plasticity in barnacle feeding limbs" Biological Bulletin Vol 213 12 15 [Crossref]
Marchinko K. B. , Palmer A. R. 2003 "Feeding in flow extremes: dependence of cirrus form on wave-exposure in four barnacle species" Zoology Vol 106 127 141 [Crossref]
Miller L. P. 2007 "Feeding in extreme flows: behavior compensates for mechanical constraints in barnacle cirri" Marine Ecology-Progress Series Vol 349 227 234 [Crossref]
Montagu G. 1803 Testacea Britannica Romsey London
Neufeld C. , Palmer A. 2008 "Precisely proportioned: intertidal barnacles alter penis form to suit coastal wave action" Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences Vol 275 1081 1087 [Crossref]
Padilla D. 1998 "Inducible phenotypic plasticity of the radula in Lacuna (Gastropoda: Littorinidae) Veliger" Vol 41 201 204
Pallas P. S. 1788 "Marina varia nova et rariora" Nova Acta Academiae Scientiarum Imperialis Petropolitanae Vol 2 229 249
Pilsbry H. A. 1916 The sessile barnacles contained in the collections of the U.S. National Museum; including a monograph of the American species Bulletin of the United States National Museum
Rasband W. S. 1997-2007 "ImageJ"
Sokal R. R. , Rohlf F. J. 1995 Biometry, third edition W.H. Freeman and Company New York
Stubbings H. 1975 Balanus balanoides Liverpool University Press Liverpool
Thompson T. L. , Glenn E. P. 1994 "Plaster standards to measure water motion" Limnology and Oceanography Vol 39 1768 1779 [Crossref]
Wethey D. S. 1983 "Intrapopulation variation in growth of sessile organisms: natural populations of the intertidal barnacle Balanus balanoides " Oikos Vol 40 14 23 [Crossref]
Wu R. S. S. 1980 "Effects of crowding on the energetics of the barnacle Balanus glandulaDarwin" Canadian Journal of Zoology Vol 58 559 566 [Crossref]