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Embryology of the Mangrove Crab Ucides Cordatus (Brachyura: Ocypodidae)

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Abstract Ovigerous females of Ucides cordatus were collected at different mangrove areas in Iguape, SP, Brazil, and reared in the laboratory in order to describe each embryonic stage. Accounts of the biometry, internal morphology, and coloration of the eggs were taken. The embryonic development took 19 ± 1 d (27°C, 12:12 h) with eight well-defined stages. A salinity test on embryonic development was conducted, and a better result was obtained in a rearing at 15‰. Eggs are slightly ellipsoid through development and undergo an increase of 13.9% in diameter to 91.7% in volume. Cluster analysis revealed three different groups for diameter (Stages I–II, III–VI, and VII–VIII) and volume (Stages I–III, IV–V, and VI–VIII), supporting the classification of embryos into initial, intermediate, and final stages, which are currently used in studies on the reproductive biology of decapod crustaceans. In this species, the identification of the different embryonic stages can be achieved only if biometric data are combined with information on the internal morphology of embryos and coloration of the eggs.

Affiliations: 1: a (MAAP, correspondence) CRUSTA (Research Group on Crustacean Biology), Departamento de Biologia Aplicada, FCAV, UNESP Jaboticabal, Rod. Prof. Paulo Donato Castellane, s/no., 14884-900, Jaboticabal (SP), Brazil ( ; 2: b (GYH) Pós-Graduando em Zootecnia, Área de Concentração Produção Animal, FCAV, UNESP Jaboticabal (


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