Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

The Effects of Temperature and Salinity on Growth and Survival of Larval Shrimp Penaeus Semisulcatus (Decapoda: Penaeoidea)

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

This Article is currently unavailable for purchase.
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

Cover image Placeholder

Abstract Growth and survival of Penaeus semisulcatus larvae were measured in factorial combinations of temperature (20°, 23°, 26°, 29°, and 32°C) and salinity (28‰, 29‰, 32‰, 34‰, and 37‰). Three experiments were maintained for 5 to 6 d, between late nauplius and first mysis stages. Salinity did not have a significant effect on growth or survival above 28‰. At 28‰, both growth rate and survival decreased (although the reduced survival occurred only at the lowest temperatures). While temperature had a substantial and regular influence on growth rate (larvae growing more rapidly at warmer temperatures), the effect on survival was not clear. In one experiment, there was significantly lower survival at the higher temperatures (32° and 29°C); however, temperature did not affect larval survival at all in the other two experiments. The results were compared with six years of published data on temperatures and salinities in Albatross Bay, Gulf of Carpentaria, Australia, and indicate that naturally occurring salinities are unlikely to directly affect survival of P. semisulcatus larvae in that area. Summer temperatures regularly exceed 29°C, raising the possibility (from the results of one experiment of three) that high temperatures may cause larval mortality in Albatross Bay. However, other published evidence indicates that such an effect is unlikely to have practical significance.

Affiliations: 1: CSIRO Marine Laboratories, P.O. Box 120, Cleveland, Queensland 4163, Australia (CJJ, correspondence:; (MAB:


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Burford M. A. , Rothlisberg P. C. , Wang Y-G. 1995 "Spatial and temporal distribution of tropical phytoplankton species and biomass in the Gulf of Carpentaria, Australia." Marine Ecology: Progress Series Vol 118 255 266
2. Cawthorne D. F. , Beard T. , Davenport J. , Wickins J. F. 1983 "Responses of juvenile Penaeus monodon FABRICIUS to natural and artificial sea waters of low salinity." Aquaculture Vol 32 165 174
3. Chu K. H. , So B. S H. 1987 "Changes in salinity tolerance during larval development of the shrimp Metapenaeus ensis (DE HAAN)." Asian Marine Biology Vol 4 41 48
4. Crocos P. J. , Coman G. J. 1997 "Seasonal and age variability in the reproductive performance of Penaeus semisulcatus broodstock: optimising broodstock selection." Aquaculture Vol 155 55 67
5. Dall W. , Hill B. J. , Rothlisberg P. C. , Staples D. J. Editors. 1990. Biology of the Penaeidae. Advances in Marine Biology, Vol. 27. Academic Press, London
6. D'Souza F. M L. 1998. The nutritional value of microalgae to penaeid prawn larvae. Ph.D. Thesis, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, 4001, Australia. 199 pp
7. Guillard R. R L. 1985. Culture of phytoplankton for feeding marine invertebrates. Pp. 2960 in W. L. Smith, and M. H. Chanley, eds. Culture of Marine Invertebrate Animals. Plenum Press, New York
8. Jackson C. J. , Pendrey R. C. , Rothlisberg P. C. 1992 "The Larvatron: a computer controlled apparatus for rearing planktonic animals under experimental conditions." Marine Ecology: Progress Series Vol 86 189 199
9. Jackson C. J. , Rothlisberg P. C. , Pendrey R. C. 2001 "Role of larval distribution and abundance in overall life-history dynamics: a study of the prawn Penaeus semisulcatus in Albatross Bay, Gulf of Carpentaria, Australia." Marine Ecology: Progress Series Vol 213 241 252
10. Parado-Estepa F. D. , Llobrera J. A. , Villaluz A. , Salde R. 1993 "Survival and metamorphosis of Penaeus monodon larvae at different salinity levels." Israeli Journal of Aquaculture, Bamidgeh Vol 45 3 7
11. Preston N. 1985 a "The combined effects of temperature and salinity on hatching success and survival, growth and development of the larval stages of Metapenaeus bennettae (Racek and Dall)." Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology Vol 85 57 74
12. Preston N. 1985b. The effects of temperature and salinity on survival and growth of larval Penaeus plebejus, Metapenaeus macleayi and M bennettae. Pp. 3140 in P. C. Rothlisberg, B. J. Hill, and D. J. Staples, eds. Second Australian National Prawn Seminar (NPS2). Cleveland, Australia
13. Reyes E. P. 1985. Effect of temperature and salinity on the hatching of eggs and larval development of sugpo, Penaeus monodon. Pp, 177178 in Y. Taki, J. H. Primavera, and J. A. Llobrera, eds. Proceedings of the First International Conference on the Culture of Penaeid Prawns/Shrimps, Iloilo City, Philippines, 47 Dec 1984. Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center, Iloili City, Philippines
14. Rothlisberg P. C. , Jackson C. J. 1987 "Larval ecology of penaeids of the Gulf of Carpentaria, Australia. II. Hydrographic environment of Penaeus merguiensis, P. esculentus, P. semisulcatus and P. latisulcatus zoeae." Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research Vol 38 19 28
15. Shen M. , Kexing W. 1996. Effects of temperature and salinity on the survival and growth of the zoea larvae of shrimp, Penaeus chinensis OSBECK.World Aquaculture Society 1996: 368. Abstract.
16. Villegas C. T. , Kanazawa A. 1980 "Rearing of the larval stages of prawn, Penaeus japonicus BATE, using artificial diet." Memoirs of the Kagoshima University Research Center, S. Pacific Vol 1 43 49

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation