Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

The Sperm Plug Is a Reliable Indicator of Mating Success in Female Dungeness Crabs, Cancer Magister

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Journal of Crustacean Biology

Abstract Exploitation rates for legal-sized (> 159-mm carapace width) male Dungeness crabs, Cancer magister, often reach 90% in the northern California fishery, thus making large male crabs scarce and possibly reducing mating success particularly among large (> 140-mm carapace width) female crabs. Relying on known laboratory molting and presumed mating, we characterized temporal changes in proximal sperm plugs of female C. magister from four days through 323 days following molting and mating. Although sperm plug surface area decreased steadily with increased days following mating, we found that complete sperm plugs and/or sperm plug remnants were present through approximately 180 days post mating, a period exceeding the approximately four month duration of the mating season for Dungeness crabs in northern California. Based on dissection and identification of sperm plug presence, we assessed mating success of female Dungeness crabs at two locations in northern California during June and July 1997, following the February-May mating season. Among 590 female crabs (87–167-mm carapace width) classified as having definitely molted on the basis of shell condition observations, we found that 93% had complete sperm plugs or remnants of sperm plugs in vaginal tracts. Among the 336 large (> 140 mm) definitely molted female crabs, sperm plug presence was 98.5%. Thus, despite the intense fishery on large male Dungeness crabs, sperm plug data provide evidence of essentially 100% mating success among large female crabs that molted during 1997.

Affiliations: 1: (SJO, correspondence) Department of Fisheries, Humboldt State University, Arcata, California 95521, U.S.A.; Present address: California Sea Grant College Program, 9500 Gilman Drive, Dept. 0232, La Jolla, California 92093-0232, U.S.A. ( shaunaoh@ucsd.edu); (DGH) Department of Fisheries, Humboldt State University, Arcata, California 95521, U.S.A. ( dghl@humboldt.edu)

Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1651/c-2389
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Armetta T. M. , Stevens B. G. 1987 "Aspects of the biology of the hair crab Erimacrus isenbeckii, in the eastern Bering Sea." Fishery Bulletin (U.S.) Vol 85 523 545
2. Bauer R. T. , Min L. J. 1993 "Spermatophores and plug substance of the marine shrimp Trachypenaeus similis (Crustacea: Decapoda: Penaeidae): formation in the male reproductive tract and disposition in the inseminated female." Biological Bulletin (Woods Hole) Vol 185 174 185
3. Bawab F. M. , El-Sherief S. S. 1989 "Contributions to the study of the origin, nature and formation of the plug in the spermatheca of the female crab Portunus pelagicus." Crustaceana Vol 57 9 24
4. Butler T. H. 1960 "Maturity and breeding of the Pacific edible crab, Cancer magister Dana." Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences Vol 17 641 646
5. Christy J. H. 1987 "Competitive mating, mate choice and mating associations of brachyuran crabs." Bulletin of Marine Science Vol 41 177 191
6. Diamond N. , Hankin D. G. 1985. Biases in crab tag recovery data. Pp. 341356 in Proceedings of the Symposium on Dungeness Crab Biology and Management. Alaska Sea Grant Report No. 85-3. Alaska Sea Grant Program, Fairbanks, Alaska
7. Diesel R. 1988 "Discrete storage of multiple-mating sperm in the spider crab Inachus phalangium." Naturwissenschaften Vol 75 148 149
8. Diesel R. 1991. Sperm competition and the evolution of behavior in Brachyura, with special reference to spider crabs (Decapoda, Majidae). Pp. 145163 in R. T. Bauer and J. W. Martin, eds. Crustacean Sexual Biology. Columbia University Press, New York
9. Edwards E. 1966 "Mating behavior in the European edible crab (Cancer pagurus L)." Crustaceana Vol 10 23 30
10. Hankin D. G. 1985. Proposed explanation for fluctuations in abundance of Dungeness crabs: a review and critique. Pp. 305326 in Proceedings of the Symposium on Dungeness Crab Biology and Management. Alaska Sea Grant Report No. 85-3. Alaska Sea Grant Program, Fairbanks, Alaska
11. Hankin D. G. , Butler T. H. , Wild P. W. , Xue Q-L. 1997 "Does intense fishery on males impact mating success of female Dungeness crabs?." Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences Vol 54 655 669
12. Hankin D. G. , Diamond N. , Mohr M. S. , Ianelli J. 1989 "Growth and reproductive dynamics of adult female Dungeness crabs (Cancer magister) in northern California." Journal du Conseil International pour l'Exploration de la Mer Vol 46 94 108
13. Hartnoll R. G. 1969 "Mating in the Brachyura." Crustaceana Vol 16 161 181
14. Jensen P. C. , Orensanz J. M. , Armstrong D. A. 1996 "Structure of the female reproductive tract in the Dungeness crab (Cancer magister) and implications for the mating system." Biological Bulletin (Woods Hole) Vol 190 336 349
15. Jivoff P. 1997 "The relative roles of predation and sperm competition on the duration of the post-corpulatory association between the sexes in the blue crab, Callinectes sapidus." Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology Vol 40 175 185
16. Methot R. D. Jr. , Botsford L. W. 1982 "Estimated preseason abundance in the California Dungeness crab (Cancer magister) fisheries." Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences Vol 39 1077 1083
17. Norman C. P. , Jones M. B. 1993 "Reproductive ecology of the velvet swimming crab, Necora puber (Brachyura: Portunidae), at Plymouth." Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom Vol 73 379 389
18. Orensanz J. M. , Gallucci V. F. 1988 "Comparative study of post larval life-history schedules in four sympatric species of Cancer." Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 8 187 220
19. Orensanz J. M. , Parma A. M. , Armstrong D. A. , Armstrong J. , Wardrup P. 1995 "The breeding ecology of Cancer gracilis and the mating systems of cancrid crabs." Journal of Zoology Vol 235 411 437
20. Parker G. A. 1970 "Sperm competition and its evolutionary consequences in the insects." Biological Review Vol 45 525 567
21. Ryan E. P. 1967. Structure and function of the reproductive system of the crab, Portunus sanguinolentus (Herbst) (Brachyura: Portunidae). II. The female system. Pp. 506 521 in Proceedings of the Symposium on Crustacea. Marine Biology Association, India. Symposium Series 2 (2)
22. Shirley T. C. , McNutt L. 1989 "Precocious mating and trans-molt sperm retention by female Dungeness crabs." American Zoologist Vol 29 131A Abstract.&rsqb
23. Smith B. D. , Jamieson G. S. 1991 "Possible consequences of intensive fishing for males on the mating opportunities for Dungeness crabs." Transactions of the American Fisheries Society Vol 120 650 653
24. Snow C. D. , Neilsen J. R. 1966 "Premating and mating behavior of the Dungeness crab (Cancer magister Dana)." Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences Vol 23 1319 1323
25. Spalding J. F. 1942 "The nature and formation of the spermatophore and sperm plug in Carcinus maenas." Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science Vol 83 399 422
26. Tomikawa N. , Watanabe S. 1990 "Occurrence of the sperm plug of Eriphia smithii MacLeay." Researches on Crustacea Vol 18 399 422
27. Urbani N. , Sainte-Marie B. , Sevigny J. , Zadworny D. , Kuhnlein U. 1998 "Sperm competition and paternity assurance during the first breeding period of female snow crab (Chionoecetes opilio) (Brachyura: Majidae)." Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences Vol 55 1104 1113
28. Wild P. W. 1980 "Effects of seawater temperature on spawning, egg development, hatching success, and population fluctuations of the Dungeness crab, Cancer magister." California Cooperative Oceanic Fisheries Investigations Report No Vol 21 115 120
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1651/c-2389
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1651/c-2389
2004-01-01
2016-12-09

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Journal of Crustacean Biology — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation