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The Tanaidacean Fauna (Peracarida) from a Deep-Sea Cold-Seep in the Gulf of Mexico

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Abstract The tanaidaceans collected by submersible from a deep-sea cold-seep site in the Gulf of Mexico were examined. Three new genera and four new species are described. Species belonging to the genera Coalecerotanais new genus, Bathyleptochelia new genus, Crurispina new genus, Araphura, and Paranarthrura were identified. The tanaidacean fauna of this cold seep was composed of several evolutionary lines of both shallow-water and deep-water origin. Mouthpart dissimilarity suggests that several different feeding strategies are employed.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Oceanography, Texas A&M University 3146, College Station, Texas 77843-3146, U.S.A. Present address: Department of Marine Biology, Texas A&M University, Galveston, Fort Crokett Campus, Galveston, Texas 77551, U.S.A. ( or


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