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A New Bathynellid from India with Unusual Mouthparts (Bathynellacea: Bathynellidae)

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image of Journal of Crustacean Biology

Abstract Serbanibathynella primaindica gen. n., sp. n. is described from India. It is the sister taxon of the genus Nannobathynella Noodt, 1969. The most spectacular apomorphic feature is the mandible, which has no gnathobase. Only three teeth persist on the first segment of the palp, which is subequal to the second segment in length. Both are equipped with strong musculature, and there is a joint between them allowing a backward swing of the terminal part of the palp. This joint is unique within Bathynellidae. Only Agnathobathynella ecclesi Schminke, 1980, can rival the new species in the specialization of mouthparts. The new species is the fifth species of Bathynellidae described from the tropics.

Affiliations: 1: a (YRR) Department of Zoology, Nagarjuna University, Nagarjunagar 522 510, India ( ; 2: b (HKS, correspondence) Institut für Biologie und Umweltwissenschaften, Fak. 5, Universität Oldenburg, D-26111 Oldenburg, Germany (


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1. Noodt W. 1965 "Natrliches System und Biogeographie der Syncarida (Crustacea, Malacostraca)." Gewsser Abwsser Vol 37/38 77 186
2. Noodt W. 1969 "Bathynellidae vom Tropenrand in São Paulo." Naturwissenschaften Vol 56 144 145
3. Noodt W. 1972 "Brasilianische Grundwasser-Crustacea, 2. Nannobathynella, Leptobathynella und Parabathynella aus der Serra do Mar von São Paulo (Malcostraca, Syncarida)." Crustaceana Vol 23 152 164
4. Schminke H. K. 1973 "Evolution, System und Verbreitungsgeschichte der Familie Parabathynellidae (Bathynellacea, Malacostraca)." Akademie der Wissenschaften und Literatur Mainz, mathematisch-naturwissenschaftliche Klasse, Mikrofauna Meeresboden Vol 24 1 192
5. Schminke H. K. 1979 "Nannobathynella eburnea sp. n. und die Verbreitung der Bathynellidae (Bathynellacea, Syncarida) in den Tropen." Archiv fr Hydrobiologie Vol 86 112 124
6. Schminke H. K. 1980 "Agnathobathynella ecclesi gen. n., sp. n. aus Malawi und die Formenvielfalt der Familie Bathynellidae (Crustacea, Bathynellacea)." Bijdragen tot de Dierkunde Vol 50 145 154
7. Schminke H. K. , Wells J. B J. 1974 "Nannobathynella africana sp. n. and the zoogeography of the family Bathynellidae (Bathynellacea, Malacostraca)." Archiv fr Hydrobiologie Vol 73 122 129
8. Serban E. 1970 " propos du genre Bathynella Vejdovsky (Crustacea, Syncarida)." Livre du centenaire mile Racovitza. ditions de l'Acadmie de la Rpublique Socialiste de Roumanie, pp. 265273
9. Serban E. 1977 "Sur les Bathynellidae (Podophallocarida, Bathynellacea) de l'Italie: Meridiobathynella cf. rouchi Serban, Coineau et Delamare." Travaux de l'Institut de Spologie mile Racovitza Vol 16 17 35
10. Serban E. , Coineau N. , Delamare Deboutteville C. 1972 "Recherches sur les crustacs souterrains et msopsammiques. I. Les Bathynellacs (Malacostraca) des rgions mridionales de l'Europe Occidentale. La sous-famille des Gallobathynellinae." Mmoires du Musum National d'Histoire Naturelle Paris, sr A Vol 75 1 107

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