Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Hermit Crab Phylogeny: A Reappraisal and Its “Fall-Out”

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites

image of Journal of Crustacean Biology

Abstract The hypothesis of monophyly in Paguroidea and the relationship of this superfamily to the other three superfamilies of Anomura have been reassessed using current cladistic methods and computer generated analysis. In the analysis, 79 external morphological characters were examined for an in-group consisting of the seven paguroid families, Pylochelidae, Coenobitidae, Diogenidae, Pylojacquesidae, Paguridae, Parapaguridae, and Lithodidae (divided into the subfamilies Lithodinae and Hapalogastrinae), three hippoid families, Blepharipodidae, Albuneidae, and Hippidae, five galatheoid families, Galatheidae, Chirostylidae, Kiwaidae, Aeglidae, and Porcellanidae, and the Lomisoidea's monotypic Lomisidae. The out-group was comprised of Neoglyphea inopinata, representing Fractosternalia, and the families Dromiidae and Dynomenidae representing Brachyura. This analysis has shown that Anomura indeed is a monophyletic infraorder, as is Hippoidea a monophyletic superfamily. However, while six of the paguroid families form a cohesive clade, the two subfamilies of Lithodidae form a distinct clade more closely related to the superfamily Hippoidea than to the other paguroids. Galatheoidea, as presently constituted, is polyphyletic. Aeglidae, like Lithodidae, is more closely related to Hippoidea than to the galatheoid clade formed by the families Galatheidae, Chirostylidae, and Porcellanidae. Kiwaidae is also distinct from Galatheoidea sensu stricto, but its relationship, and that of Lomisoidea, to the remainder of the anomuran taxa are unresolved in the present analysis. As a result of this reappraisal, we propose that Lithodidae be removed from Paguroidea sensu lato and elevated to superfamily rank with families Lithodidae and Hapalogastridae. Similarly, we propose that Galatheoidea be restricted to the families Galatheidae, Chirostylidae, and Porcellanidae, whereas Kiwaidae and Aeglidae are each to be elevated to superfamily rank. Anomura will then consist of seven superfamilies, Hippoidea, Lithodoidea, Aegloidea, Lomisoidea, Kiwaoidea, Galatheoidea sensu stricto, and Paguroidea sensu stricto.

Affiliations: 1: c (US) Department of Biology & Health Services, Edinboro University of Pennsylvania, Edinboro, Pennsylvania 16444

Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1651/s-2675.1
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Ahyong S. A. , O'Meally D. 2004 "Phylogeny of the Decapoda Reptantia: resolution using three molecular loci and morphology." The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Vol 52 673 693
2. Alcock A. 1901 "Catalogue of the Indian decapod Crustacea in the collection of the Indian Museum. Part 1. Brachyura." Fascicule I. Introduction and dromides or Dromiacea (Brachyura Primigenia). v-ix, 1-80. Indian Museum, Calcutta
3. Alexandrowicz J. S. 1952 "Muscle receptor organs in the Paguridae." Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom Vol 31 277 286
4. Baba K. 1988 "Chirostylid and galatheid crustaceans (Decapoda: Anomura) of the Albatross Philippine Expedition, 1907-1910." Researches on Crustacea, Special Number Vol 2 1 203
5. Baba K. 1989 "Chirostylid and galatheid crustaceans of Madagascar (Decapoda, Anomura)." Bulletin du Musum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (4) Vol 11 (A) 921 975
6. Baba K. 2005 "Deep-sea chirostylid and galatheid crustaceans (Crustacea, Decapoda, Anomura) from the Indo-Pacific, with a list of species." Galathea Report Vol 20 1 317
7. Baba K. , Williams A. B. 1998 "New Galatheoidea (Crustacea, Decapoda, Anomura) from hydrothermal systems in the West Pacific Oceana: Bismarck Archipelago and Okinawa Trough." Zoosystema Vol 20 143 156
8. Bate C. S. 1888 "Report on the Crustacea Macrura dredged by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1872-76. Report on the scientific results of the voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-76." Zoology Vol 24 52 i xc 1 942
9. Bauer R. T. 1981 "Grooming behavior and morphology in the decapod Crustacea." Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 1 153 175
10. Benedict J. E. 1895 "Descriptions of new genera and species of crabs of the family Lithodidae with notes on the young of Lithodes camtschaticus and Lithodes brevipes." Proceedings of the United States National Museum Vol 17 479 488
11. Bliss D. E. 1968 "Transition from water to land in decapod crustaceans." American Zoologist Vol 8 355 392
12. Boas J. E V. 1880a "II. Wissenschaftliche Mittheilungen. 1. Lithodes und Pagurus." Zoologischer Anzeiger Vol 3 349 352
13. Boas J. E V. 1880b "Studier over decapodernes Slgtskabsforhold." Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskabs Skrifter, naturvidenskabelig og mathematisk Afdeling (5) Vol 6 25 210
14. Boas J. E V. 1924 "Die verwandtschaftliche Stellung der Gattung Lithodes." Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskabs Skrifter, Biologiske Meddelelser Vol 4 4 1 34
15. Boas J. E V. 1926 "Zur Kenntnis symmetrischer Paguriden." Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskabs Skrifter, Biologiske Meddelelser Vol 5 6 1 52
16. Borradaile L. A. 1906 "On the classification and genealogy of the reptant decapods." In, J. S. Gardiner (ed.), The Fauna and Geography of the Maldive and Laccadive Archipelagoes, Being an Account of the Work Carried on and of the Collections made by an Expedition During the Years 1899 and 1900. 2: 690-699. University Press, Cambridge
17. Borradaile L. A. 1916 "Crustacea. Part II. Porcellanopagurus: an instance of carcinization. In, British Antarctic (Terra Nova) Expedition, 1910. Natural history report." Zoology Vol 3 111 126
18. Bouvier E-L. 1894a "Sur les caractres et l'volution des Lomisins, nouveau groupe de crustacs anomures." Comptes Rendus des Sances de l'Acadmie des Sciences Vol 118 1353 1355
19. Bouvier E-L. 1894b "Sur la signification de Hapalogaster dans l'volution des Lithodins." Compte Rendu Sommaire des Sances de la Socit Philomathique de Paris Vol 18 1 5
20. Bouvier E-L. 1894c "Sur la transformation des Paguriens en crabes anomures de la sous-famille des Lithodins." Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Sances de l'Acadmie des Sciences Vol 119 350 352
21. Bouvier E-L. 1895a "Sur les Lithodins hapalogastriques Hapalogaster et Dermaturus." Compte Rendu Sommaire des Sances de la Socit Philomathique de Paris Vol 18 56
22. Bouvier E-L. 1895b "Recherches sur les affinits des Lithodes & des Lomis avec les Pagurides." Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie et Palontologie (7) Vol 18 157 213
23. Bouvier E-L. 1896 "Sur l'origine homarienne des crabes: tude comparative des Dromiacs vivants et fossiles." Bulletin de la Socit de la Philomathique, Paris, Sr. 8 Vol 8 34 110 figs. 1-43
24. Bouvier E-L. 1897 "La transformation des Bernards l'Ermite en Lithodes." Naturaliste (2) Vol 19 230 41 43
25. Bouvier E-L. 1940 "Faune de France. 37. Dcapodes Marcheurs." Paul Lechevalier, Paris. 404 pp
26. Bowman T. E. , Abele L. G. 1982 "Classification of the Recent Crustacea. pp. 1-27." In, L. G. Abele (ed.), The Biology of Crustacea. Vol. 1. Systematics, the Fossil Record and Biogeography. Academic Press, New York
27. Boyko C. B. 2002 "A worldwide revision of the Recent and fossil sand crabs of the Albuneidae Stimpson and Blepharipoididae, new family (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura: Hippoidea)." Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History Vol 272 1 396
28. Boyko C. B. , Harvey A. W. 1999 "Crustacea Decapoda: Albuneidae and Hippidae of the tropical Indo-West Pacific region." In, A. Crosnier, (ed.) Rsults des Campagnes MUSORSTOM. Vol. 20. Mmoirs du Musum national d'Histoire naturelle Vol 180 379 460
29. Brightwell L. R. 1951 "Some experiments with the common hermit crab (Eupagurus bernhardus) Linn. (sic), and transparent univalve shells." Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London Vol 121 279 283
30. Brightwell L. R. 1952 "Further notes on the hermit crab Eupagurus bernhardus and associated animals." Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London Vol 123 61 64
31. Bush S. F. 1930 "Asymmetry and relative growth of parts in the two sexes of the hermit crab Eupagurus prideauxi." Archiv fr Entwicklung Vol 123 39 79
32. Campodonico G. I. 1978 "Un caso de inversin en la asimetra abdominal de las hembras de Paralomis granulosa (Jacquinot) (Decapoda, Anomura, Lithodidae)." Anales del Instituto de la Patagonia Vol 9 231 232
33. Carpenter J. 2005 "Editorial." Cladistics Vol 21 1
34. Chapple W. D. 1966 "Asymmetry of the motor system in the hermit crab Pagurus granosimanus Stimpson sic." Journal of Experimental Biology Vol 45 65 81
35. Chapple W. D. 1969a "Postural control of shell position by the abdomen of the hermit crab, Pagurus pollicarus sic I. Morphology of the superficial muscles and their nerves." Journal of Experimental Zoology Vol 171 397 408
36. Chapple W. D. 1969b "Postural control of shell position by the abdomen of the hermit crab, Pagurus pollicarus sic II. Reflex control of the ventral superficial muscles." Journal of Experimental Zoology Vol 171 409 416
37. Chapple W. D. 1969c "Postural control of shell position by the abdomen of the hermit crab, Pagurus pollicarus sic III. Analysis of movements and calculations of forces exerted by the muscles." Journal of Experimental Zoology Vol 171 417 424
38. Chapple W. D. 1973 "Role of the abdomen in the regulation of shell position in the hermit crab Pagurus pollicarus sic." Journal of Comparative Physiology Vol 82 317 332
39. Crain J. A. , McLaughlin P. A. 1994 "Larval, postlarval, and early juvenile development in Pagurus venturensis Coffin, 1957 (Decapoda: Anomura: Paguridae) reared in the laboratory, with a redescription of the adult." Bulletin of Marine Science Vol 53 1993 985 1012
40. Cunningham C. W. , Blackstone N. W. , Buss L. W. 1992 "Evolution of king crabs from hermit crab ancestors." Nature, London Vol 355 539 542
41. Dana J. D. 1851 "Conspectus crustaceorum quae in orbis terrarum circumnavigatione, Carolo Wilkes e classe reipublicae foederatae duce, lexit et descripsit." (Preprint from) Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia Vol 5 267 272
42. De Haan W. 1833-1850 "Fauna Japonica auctore Ph. Fr. De Siebold. Crustacea." Lugduni Batavorum. 244 pp
43. Desutter-Grandcolas L. , Legendre F. , Grandcolas P. , Robillard T. , Murienne J. 2005 "Convergence and parallelism: is a new life ahead of old concepts?." Cladistics Vol 21 51 61
44. Dixon C. J. , Ahyong S. T. , Schram F. R. 2003 "A new hypothesis of decapod phylogeny." Crustaceana Vol 76 935 975
45. Fabricius J. C. 1775 "Systema entomologiae, sistens Insectorum classes, ordines, genera, species, adjectis synonymis, locis, descriptionibus, observationibus." Officina Lebraria Kortii, Flensburgi et Lipsiae, xxxii 832 pp
46. Fabricius J. C. 1787 "Mantissa Insectorum sistens eorum species nuper detectas adjectis characteribus denericis, differentiis specificis, endemdationoibus, observationibus." Vol 1 i xx 1 348 C. G. Proft, Hafniae
47. Fabricius J. C. 1798 "Supplementum. Entomologia Systematica emendate et aucta adjectis synonymis, locis, observationibus, descriptionibus." Proet et Storch, Hafniae. 572 pp
48. Filhol H. 1885 "Considrations relatives la faune des Crustacs de la Nouvelle-Zlande." Bibliothque de l'cole des Hautes tudes, Section des Sciences Naturelles Vol 30 2 3 60
49. Forest J. 1987 "Les Pylochelidae ou Pagures symetriques (Crustacea Coenobitoidea)." In: Rsultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM Mmoires du Musum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Srie A, Zoologie Vol 137 1 254
50. Forest J. 1995 "Crustacea Decapoda Anomura: rvision du genre Trizopagurus Forest, 1952 (Diogenidae), avec l'tablissement de deux genres nouveaux." In, A. Crosnier (ed.), Rsultalts des Campagnes MUSORSTOM. Vol. 13 Mmoires du Musum national d'Histoire naturelle Vol 163 9 149
51. Forest J. , de Saint Laurent M. 1975 "Prsence dans la faune actuelle d'un reprsentant du groupe msozoque des Glyphides: Neoglyphea inopinata gen. nov., sp. nov. (Crustacea Decapoda Glypheidae)." Compte Rendus Hebdomadaire des Sances de l'Acadmie des Sciences Paris, srie D Vol 281 155 158
52. Forest J. , de Saint Laurent M. 1981 "La morphologie externe de Neoglyphea inopinata, espce actulle de Crustac Dcapode Glyphide." In, Rsultats des Campagnes MUSORSTOM, 1. Philippines (18-28 mars 1976) Mmoires de ORSTOM Vol 91 51 84
53. Forest J. , de Saint Laurent M. 1989 "Nouvelle observations la connaissance de Neoglyphea inopinata Forest & de Saint Laurent, propos de la description de la femelle adulte." In, J. Forest (ed.), Rsultats des Campagnes MUSORSTOM. Vol 5 Mmoires du Musum national d'Histoire naturelle (A) Vol 144 74 92
54. Forest J. , de Saint Laurent M. , McLaughlin P. A. , Lemaitre R. 2000 "The marine fauna of New Zealand: Paguridea (Decapoda: Anomura) exclusive of the Lithodidae." NIWA Biodiversity Memoir Vol 114 1 250
55. Gherardi F. , McLaughlin P. A. 1995 "Larval and early juvenile development of the tube-dwelling hermit crab Discorsopagurus schmitti (Stevens) (Decapoda: Paguridae) reared in the laboratory." Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 15 258 279
56. Gould S. J. 1992 "We are all monkeys' uncles." Natural History Vol 6/92 14 21
57. Graur D. , Martin W. 2004 "Reading the entrails of chickens: molecular timescales of evolution and the illusion of precision." Trends in Genetics Vol 20 80 86
58. Haig J. 1960 "The Porcellanidae (Crustacea Anomura) of the Eastern Pacific." Allan Hancock Pacific Expeditions Vol 24 1 440
59. Harvey A. W. 1998 "Genes for asymmetry easily overruled." Nature Vol 392 345 346
60. Heads M. 2005 "Dating nodes on molecular phylogenies: a critique of molecular biogeography." Cladistics Vol 21 62 78
61. Hennig W. 1966 "Phylogenetic Systematics." University of Illinois Press, Urbana
62. Henderson J. R. 1888 "Report on the Anomura collected by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-76." Scientific Results of the Exploratory Voyage of HMS Challenger, (Zoology) Vol 27 1 xi 1 221 Her Majesty's Stationary Office, Edinburgh etc
63. Hombron J. B. , Jacquinot H. 1846 "Atlas d'Histoire Naturelle Zoologie par MM. Hombron et Jacquinot, chirurgiens de l'expedition, in Voyage au Pôle sud et dans l'Ocanie sur les corvettes l'Astrolabe et la Zle excut par ordre du roi pendant les annes 1837-1839-1840 sous le commandement de M. Dumont-D'Urville capitaine le Vaisseau publi sous les auspices du departement de la marine et sous la direction superieure de M. Jacquinot, capitaine de Vaisseau, commandant de la Zle." Dix-Huitime Livraison. Oiseaux pl. 21; Crustaces pls. 3, 4; Insectes coloptrez pls. 16, 17. Gide et Baudry, Paris
64. Imafuku M. 1993 "Observations on the internal asymmetry of the sternal artery and the cheliped asymmetry in selected decapod crustaceans." Crustacean Research Vol 22 35 43
65. Imafuku M. , Ando T. 1999 "Behaviour and morphology of pagurid hermit crabs (Decapoda, Anomura) that live in tusk shells (Mollusca, Scaphopoda)." Crustaceana Vol 72 129 144
66. Lamarck J. B P A. 1801 "Systme des Animaux sans Vertbraes, ou Tableau gnral des classes des orders et des genres de ces animaux; prsentant leurs caractres essentiels et leur distribution, d'aprs la considration de leur rapports naturels et de leur organization, et suivant l'arrangement tabli dans le galries du Musum d'Hist." Naturelle parmi leurs dpouilles conserves; prcd du discourse d'ouverture du Cours de Zoologie, donn dans le Musum National d'Histoire Naturelle l'an 8 de la Rpublique. Chez L'auteur, au Musum d'Hist. Naturelle, Paris. Dterville, Libraire, Paris, viii 432 pp
67. Lamarck J. B P A. 1818 "Histoire Naturelle des Animaux sans Vertbraes, prsentant leurs caractres gnraux et partiiculaires de ces animaux, leur distribution, leurs classes, leurs familles, leurs genres, et la citation des principales espces qui s'y rapportent; prcede d'une introduction offrant la dtermination des caractres essentieles de l'Animal, sa distinction du vgtal et des autres corps naturels, enfin, l'Exposition des Principes fondamentaus de la Zoologie." Vol 5 1 612 Dterville and Verdire, Paris
68. Latreille P. A. 1806 "Genera Crustaceorum et Insectorum secundum Ordinem naturalem in Familias disposita, Iconibus Exemplisque plurimis explicata." Vol 1 1 302 Apud Amand Koenig Bibliopolam, Parisiis et Argentorati
69. Latreille P. A. 1816 "Les Crustacs, les Arachnides et les Insectes. Vol. 3." In, G. Cuvier (ed.), Le Regne Animal, distribut d'aprs son Organisation, pour server de Base l'Histoire naturelle des Animaux et de l'Introduction l'Anatomie Compare. Dterville, Paris
70. Leach W. E. 1815 "Malacostraca Podophthalmata Britanniae: or descriptions of such British species of the Linnean genus Cancer as have their eyes elevated on footstalks." James Sowerby, London. 124 pp
71. Leach W. E. 1820 "Galathades." Dictionnaire des Sciences Naturelles Vol 18 49 56 F. G. Levrault, Strasbourg
72. Lemaitre R. 1996 "Hermit crabs of the family Parapaguridae (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura) from Australia: species of Strobopagurus Lemaitre, 1989, Sympagurus Smith, 1883 and two new genera." Records of the Australian Museum Vol 48 163 221
73. Lemaitre R. 1999 "Crustacea Decapoda: a review of the species of the genus Parapagurus Smith, 1879 (Parapaguridae) from the Pacific and Indian Oceans." In, A. Crosnier (ed.), Rsultats des Campagnes MUSORSTOM. Vol. 20 Mmoires du Musum national d'Histoire naturelle Vol 180 303 378
74. Lemaitre R. 2004 "Crustacea Decapoda: A worldwide review of the hermit crab species of the genus Sympagurus Smith, 1883." In, B. Marshall and B. Richer de Forges (eds.), Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, 23 Mmoires du Musum national d'Histoire naturelle Vol 191 85 149
75. Lemaitre R. , McLaughlin P. A. 1992 "Descriptions of megalopa and juveniles of Sympagurus dimorphus (Studer, 1883), with an account of the Parapaguridae (Crustacea: Anomura: Paguroidea) from Antarctic and Subantarctic waters." Journal of Natural History Vol 26 745 768
76. Lopretto E. C. 1979 "Estudio comparative del quinto par de pereipodos en los representantes del gênero Aegla de la Patagonia Argentina (Crustacea Anomura)." Neotropica Vol 25 73 9 22
77. Lopretto E. C. 1980a "Anlisis de las caractersticas del quinto pereipodos en las especies de Aegla del grupo platensis (Crustacea Anomura Aeglidae)." Physis B Vol 39 96 37 56
78. Lopretto E. C. 1980b "Clave para la determinacin de la especies del gênero Aegla del la Repblica Argentina en base al studio comparative del quinto par de pereipodos masculinos (Crustacea Anomura Aeglidae)." Limnobios Vol 1 431 436
79. Lopretto E. C. 1981 "Consideraciones sobre la estructura apendicular vinculada al dimorfismo sexual en los machos de la especies de Aegla del noroeste Argentino (Crustacea, Anomura, Aeglidae)." Acta Zoologica Lilloana Vol 36 2 15 35
80. MacDonald J. D. , Pike R. B. , Williamson D. I. 1957 "Larvae of the British species of Diogenes, Pagurus, Anapagurus and Lithodes (Crustacea, Decapoda)." Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London Vol 128 209 257
81. Macpherson E. 1988 "Revision of the family Lithodidae Samouelle, 1819 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Anomura) in the Atlantic Ocean." Monografas de Zoologa Marina Vol 2 1 153
82. Macpherson E. 1993 "Crustacea Decapoda: species of the genus Paramunida Baba, 1988 (Galatheidae) from the Philippines, Indonesia and New Caledonia." In, A. Crosnier (ed.), Rsultats des Campagnes MUSORSTOM. Vol. 10 Mmoires du Musum national d'Histoire naturelle Vol 156 443 473
83. Macpherson E. 1994 "Crustacea Decapoda: Studies on the genus Munida Leach, 1820 (Galatheidae) in New Caledonian and adjacent waters with descriptions of 56 new species." In, A. Crosnier (ed.), Rsultats des Campagnes MUSORSTOM. Vol. 12 Mmoires du Musum national d'Histoire naturelle Vol 161 421 569
84. Macpherson E. 1995 "Crustacea Decapoda: Species of the genus Munida Leach, 1820 and Paramunida Baba, 1988 (Galatheidae) from the seas around the Wallis and Futuna Islands." In, A. Crosnier (ed.), Rsultats des Campagnes MUSORSTOM. Vol. 15 Mmoires du Musum national d'Histoire naturelle Vol 168 387 421
85. Macpherson E. , Jones W. , Segonzac M. 2005 "A new squat lobster family of Galatheoidea (Crustacea, Decapoda, Anomura) from the hydrothermal vents of the Pacific-Antarctic Ridge." Zoosystema Vol 27 709 723
86. Maddison W. P. 1993 "Missing data versus missing characters in phylogenetic analysis." Systematic Biology Vol 42 576 581
87. Maddison W. P. , Maddison D. R. 1992 "MacClade, version 3." Analysis of phylogeny and character evolution. Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland, Massachusetts
88. Makarov V. V. 1938 "Rakoobraznyey. Anomura. Crustaces Decapodes anomures." In, A. A. Shtakel'berg (ed.), Fauna SSSR, (n. ser.) 16, (10) (3): i-x, 1-324. Akademii Nauk SSSR, Moscow and Leningrad
89. Makarov V. V. 1962 "Fauna of U.S.S.R." Crustacea, Anomura Vol 10 3 1 278 Jerusalem: Israel Program for Scientific Translation. Published for the National Science Foundation and Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. English translation.
90. Martin J. W. , Abele L. G. 1986 "Phylogenetic relationships of the genus Aegla (Decapoda: Anomura: Aeglidae), with comments on anomuran phylogeny." Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 6 576 616
91. Martin J. W. , Abele L. G. 1988 "External morphology of the genus Aegla (Crustacea: Anomura: Aeglidae)." Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology Vol 453 1 46
92. Martin J. W. , Davis G. E. 2001 "An updated classification of the Recent Crustacea." Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Science Series Vol 39 1 124
93. McLaughlin P. A. 1983a "A review of the phylogenetic position of the Lomidae (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomala)." Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 3 431 437
94. McLaughlin P. A. 1983b "Hermit crabsare they really polyphyletic?." Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 3 608 621
95. McLaughlin P. A. 2000 "Megalopal and early crab stages of Porcellanopagurus edwardsi Filhol Decapoda: Anomura: Paguridea)." Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington Vol 113 721 730
96. McLaughlin P. A. 2003 "Illustrated keys to the families and genera of the superfamily Paguroidea (Crustacea: Decapoda; Anomura), with supplemental diagnoses of the genera of the Paguridae." In, R. Lemaitre and C. C. Tudge (eds.), Biology of the Anomura. Proceedings of a symposium at the Fifth International Crustacean Congress, Melbourne, Australia, 9-13 July 2001 Memoirs of Museum Victoria Vol 60 111 144
97. McLaughlin P. A. , Lemaitre R. 1997 "Carcinizationfact or fiction? I. Evidence from adult morphology." Contributions to Zoology Vol 67 79 123
98. McLaughlin P. A. , Lemaitre R. 2001a "Aspects of evolution in the anomuran superfamily Paguroidea. One larval prospective." Invertebrate Reproduction and Development Vol 38 159 169
99. McLaughlin P. A. , Lemaitre R. 2001b "A new family for a new genus and new species of hermit crab of the superfamily Paguroidea (Decapoda: Anomura) and its phylogenetic implications." Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 21 1062 1076
100. McLaughlin P. A. , Paul J. M. 2002 "Abdominal tergite and pleopod changes in Lithodes aequispinus Benedict, 1895 (Decapoda: Anomura: Lithodidae) from megalopa to juvenile." Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington Vol 115 138 147
101. McLaughlin P. A. , Provenzano A. J. Jr. 1974 "The genus Paguristes (Crustacea: Decapoda: Diogenidae) from the western Atlantic. Part I. The Paguristes tortugae complex, with notes on variation." Bulletin of Marine Science Vol 24 165 234
102. McLaughlin P. A. , de Saint Laurent M. 1998 "A new genus for four species of hermit crabs heretofore assigned to the genus Pagurus Fabricius (Decapoda: Anomura: Paguridae)." Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington Vol 111 158 187
103. McLaughlin P. A. , Crain J. A. , Gore R. H. 1992 "Studies on the provenzanoi and other pagurid groups: VI. Larval and early juvenile stages of Pagurus ochotensis (Brandt) from the eastern North Pacific reared under laboratory conditions." Journal of Natural History Vol 26 507 531
104. McLaughlin P. A. , Gore R. H. , Buce W. R. 1989 "Studies on the provenzanoi and other pagurid groups: III. The larval and early juvenile stages of Pagurus kennerlyi (Stimpson) (Decapoda: Anomura: Paguridae) reared in the laboratory." Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 9 626 644
105. McLaughlin P. A. , Lemaitre R. , Tudge C. C. 2004 "Carcinization in the AnomuraFact or Fiction? Part II. Evidence from larval, megalopal and early juvenile morphology." Contributions to Zoology Vol 73 165 205
106. McLaughlin P. A. , Siddiqui F. A. , Crain J. A. 1993 "Larval and early juvenile development in Pagurus stevensae Hart, 1971 (Decapoda: Anomura: Paguridae) reared in the laboratory." Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 13 322 342
107. McLaughlin P. A. , Anger K. , Kaffenberger A. , Lovrich G. A. 2001 "Megalopal and early juvenile development in Lithodes santolla (Molina) (Decapoda: Anomura: Paguroidea: Lithodidae), with notes on zoeal variation." Invertebrate Reproduction and Development Vol 40 53 67
108. McLaughlin P. A. , Anger K. , Kaffenberger A. , Lovrich G. A. 2003 "Larval and early juvenile development in Paralomis granulosa (Jacquinot) (Decapoda: Anomura: Paguroidea: Lithodidae), with emphasis on abdominal changes in megalopal and crab stages." Journal of Natural History Vol 37 1433 1452
109. McLay C. L. 1993 "Crustacea Decapoda: the sponge crabs (Dromiidae) of New Caledonia and the Philippines with a review of the genera." In, A. Crosnier (ed.), Rsultats des Campagnes MUSORSTOM. Vol. 10 Mmoires du Musum national d'Histoire naturelle Vol 156 111 251
110. McLay C. L. 1999 "Crustacea Decapoda: revision of the family Dynomenidae." In, A. Crosnier (ed.), Rsultats des Campagnes MUSORSTOM. Vol. 20 Mmoires du Musum national d'Histoire naturelle Vol 180 427 569
111. Milne-Edwards A. 1880 "Report on the results of dredging, under the supervision of Alexander Agassiz, in the Gulf of Mexico, and in the Caribbean Sea, 1877, 78, 79, by the United States Coast Survey steamer Blake, Lieut.-Commander C. D. Sigsbee, U.S.N., and Commander J. R. Bartlett, U.S.N., commanding. VIII. tudes prliminaires sur les Crustacs." Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard College Vol 8 1 1 68
112. Milne-Edwards A. , Bouvier E-L. 1894 "Considrations gnrales sur la famille des Galathids." Annales des Sciences Naturalles, Zoologie et Palontologie Vol 16 191 327
113. Milne-Edwards A. , Bouvier E-L. 1897 "Report on the results of dredging, under the supervision of Alexander Agassiz, in the Gulf of Mexico, and in the Caribbean Sea, 1877, 78, 79, by the United States Coast Survey steamer Blake, Lieut.-Commander C. D. Sigsbee, U.S.N., and Commander J. R. Bartlett, U.S.N., commanding. XXXV. Description des Crustacs de la Famille des Galathids recueillis pendant l'Expedition." Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard College Vol 19 1 68
114. Milne Edwards H. 1836 "Observations zoologiques sur les Pagures et description d'un nouveau genre de la tribu des Paguriens." Annales des Sciences Naturelle Zoologie, Paris (2) Vol 6 257 288
115. Milne Edwards H. 1837 "Histoire naturelle des Crustacs, comprenant l'anatomie, la physiologie et la classification de ces animaux." Vol 2 1 532 Librairie Encyclopdique de Roret, Paris
116. Molina G. I. 1782 "Saggio sulla storoia naturale del Chile." Bologna. 367 pp
117. Morrison C. L. , Harvey A. W. , Lavery S. , Tieu K. , Huang Y. , Cunningham C. W. 2002 "Mitochondrial gene rearrangements confirm the parallel evolution of the crab-like body form." Proceedings of the Royal Society, London Vol 269 345 350
118. Nixon K. C. , Carpenter J. M. 1993 "On outgroups." Cladistics Vol 9 413 426
119. Nixon K. C. , Davis J. I. 1991 "Polymorphic taxa, missing values and cladistic analysis." Cladistics Vol 7 233 242
120. Palmer A. R. 1996 "From symmetry to asymmetry: phylogenetic patterns of asymmetry variation in animals and their evolutionary significance." Proceedings of the National Academy of Science USA Vol 93 14279 14286
121. Palmer A. R. 2004 "Symmetry breaking and the evolution of development." Science Vol 306 828 833
122. Paul D. H. 1989 "A neurophylogenetist's view of decapod crustaceans." Bulletin of Marine Science Vol 45 487 504
123. Paul D. H. 2003 "Neurobiology of the Anomura (Crustacea: Decapoda)." In, R. Lemaitre and C. C. Tudge (eds.), Biology of the Anomura. Proceedings of a symposium at the Fifth International Crustacean Congress, Melbourne, Australia, 9-13 July 2001 Memoirs of Museum Victoria Vol 60 3 11
124. Paul D. H. , Than A. M. , Magnuson D. S. 1985 "Evolution of the telson neuromusculature in decapod Crustacea." Biological Bulletin Vol 168 106 124
125. Pennant T. 1777 "Crustacea. Mollusca. Testacea. Vol. 4. vii 12, 1-136." In, British Zoology. Fourth edition. 1776-1777. Benjamin White, London
126. Prez C. 1934 "Exposs de biologie zoologique. I. Les Pagures ou Bernard l'ermite (un example d'adaptation)." Actualits scientifiques et industrielles, Paris Vol 101 1 33
127. Prez-Losada M. , Jara C. G. , Bond-Buckup G. , Crandall K. A. 2002a "Phylogenetic relationships among the species of Aegla (Anomura: Aeglidae) freshwater crabs from Chile." Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 22 304 313
128. Prez-Losada M. , Jara C. G. , Bond-Buckup G. , Porter M. L. , Crandall K. A. 2002b "Phylogenetic position of the freshwater anomuran family Aeglidae." Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 22 670 676
129. Prez-Losada M. , Jara C. G. , Bond-Buckup G. , Crandall K. A. 2004 "Molecular systematics and biogeography of the southern South American freshwater crabs Aegla (Decapoda: Anomura: Aeglidae) using multiple heuristic tree search approaches." Systematic Biology Vol 53 767 780
130. Pike R. B. 1947 "Galathea." Liverpool Marine Biology Committee Memoirs Vol 34 1 138
131. Pilgrim R. L C. 1960 "Muscle receptor organs in some decapod Crustacea." Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Vol 1 248 257
132. Pilgrim R. L C. 1965 "Some features in the morphology of Lomis hirta (Lamarck) (Crustacea: Decapoda) and a discussion of its systematic position and phylogeny." Australian Journal of Zoology Vol 13 545 557
133. Porter M. L. , Prez-Losada M. , Crandall K. A. 2005 "Model-based multi-locus estimation of decapod phylogeny and divergence times." Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution Vol 37 355 369
134. Rathbun M. J. 1901 "Recent papers relating to the fauna of the Bermuda." American Journal of Science (4) Vol 11 328
135. Richter S. , Scholtz G. 1994 "Morphological evidence for a hermit crab ancestry of lithodids (Crustacea, Decapoda, Anomala, Paguroidea)." Zoologischer Anziger Vol 223 187 219
136. Richter de Forges B. 2006 "Dcouverte en mer du Corail d'une deuxime espce de glyphide (Crustacea, Decapoda, Glypheoidea)." Zoosystema Vol 28 17 29
137. Rodrigues L. J. , Dunham D. W. , Coates K. A. 2002 "The effect of shelter type on uropod symmetry in Calcinus verrilli sic (Anomura: Diogenidae)." Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 22 298 303
138. Saint Laurent Mde , McLaughlin P. A. 2000 "Superfamily Paguroidea, Family Paguridae." In, J. Forest, M. de Saint Laurent, P. A. McLaughlin, and R. Lemaitre (eds.), The Marine Fauna of New Zealand: Paguridea (Decapoda: Anomura) Exclusive of the Lithodidae NIWA Biodiversity Memoir Vol 114 104 209
139. Sandberg L. , McLaughlin P. A. 1998 "Crustacea, Decapoda, Paguridea." Marine Invertebrates of Scandinavia Vol 10 1 113 Universitetsforlaget, Oslo
140. Schmitt W. L. 1942 "The species of Aegla, endemic South American fresh-water crustaceans." Proceedings of the United States National Museum Vol 91 431 520
141. Scholtz G. 2004 "Introduction." In, G. Scholtz (ed.), Evolutionary Developmental Biology of Crustacea Crustacean Issues Vol 15 3 16 A. A. Balkema. Lisse
142. Scholtz G. , Richter S. 1995 "Phylogenetic systematics of the reptantian Decapoda (Crustacea, Malacostraca)." Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society Vol 113 289 328
143. Schram F. R. 2001 "Phylogeny of decapods: moving towards a consensus." Hydrobiologia Vol 449 1 20
144. Schram F. R. , Ahyong S. T. 2002 "The higher affinities of Neoglyphea inopinata in particular and the Glypheoidea (Decapoda, Reptantia) in general." Crustaceana Vol 75 629 635
145. Shaul S. , Graur D. 2002 "Playing chicken (Gallus gallus): methodological inconsistencies of molecular divergence data estimates due to secondary calibration points." Gene Vol 300 59 61
146. Simmons N. B. , Geisler J. H. 2002 "Sensitivity analysis of different methods of coding taxonomic polymorphism: an example from higher-level bat phylogeny." Cladistics Vol 18 571 584
147. Stephens P. J. 1986 "The fused thoracic-abdominal ganglion of the hermit crab (Pagurus pollicaris): neuromuscular relationships in the thoracic and abdominal flexor muscles." Journal of Experimental Biology Vol 123 201 216
148. Stimpson W. 1858 "Prodromus descriptionis animalium evertebratorum, quae in expeditione ad oceanum Pacificum septentrionalem, a Republica Federate missa, Cadwaldaro Ringgold et Johanne Rodgers ducibus, obseravit et descripsit. VII." Preprint (December 1858) from Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia Vol 1858 225 252
149. Strong E. E. , Lipscomb D. 1999 "Character coding and inapplicable data." Cladistics Vol 15 363 371
150. Swofford D. L. 2002 "PAUP. Phylogenetic Analysis Using Parsimony (and Other Methods)." Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland, Massachusetts
151. Tudge C. C. 1997 "Spermatological evidence supports the taxonomic placement of the Australian endemic hairy stone crab, Lomis hirta (Decapoda: Anomura: Lomidae)." Memoirs of the Museum of Victoria Vol 56 235 244
152. Tudge C. C. , Lemaitre R. 2004 "Studies of male sexual tubes in hermit crabs (Crustacea, Decapoda, Anomura, Paguroidea). I. Morphology of the sexual tube in Micropagurus acantholepis (Stimpson, 1858), with comments on function and evolution." Journal of Morphology Vol 259 106 118
153. Tudge C. C. , Lemaitre R. 2006 "Studies of male sexual tubes in hermit crabs (Crustacea, Decapoda, Anomura, Paguroidea). II. Morphology of the sexual tube in the land hermit crabs, Coenobita perlatus and C. clypeatus (Coenobitidae)." Crustacean Research, Special Number 6: 121131.
154. Tudge C. C. , Scheltinga D. M. 2002 "Spermatozoal morphology of the freshwater anomuran Aegla longirostris Bond-Buckuup & Buckup, 1994 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Aeglidae) from South America." Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington Vol 115 118 128
155. Tudge C. C. , Jamieson B. G M. , Sandberg L. , Ersus C. 1998 "Ultrastructure of the mature spermatozoon of the king crab Lithodes maja (Lithodidae, Anomura, Decapoda): further confirmation of a lithodid-pagurid relationship." Invertebrate Biology Vol 117 57 66
156. Vannini M. 1976 "Researches on the coast of Somalia. The shore and the dune of Sar Uanle. 7. Field observations on the periodical transdunal migrations of the hermit crab Coenobita rugosus Milne Edwards." Monitore Zoologico Italiano, n.s. supplemento Vol 7 3 145 185
157. White A. 1856 "Some remarks on Crustacea of the genus Lithodes, with a brief description of a species apparently hitherto unrecorded." Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London Vol 1856 132 135
158. Whiteaves J. F. 1874 "Report on further deep-sea dredging operations in the Gulf of St. Lawrence." American Journal of Science (3) Vol 7 210 219
159. Wiens J. J. 1995 "Polymorphic characters in phylogenetic systematics." Systematic Biology Vol 44 482 500
160. Wiens J. J. 1998a "The accuracy of methods for coding and sampling higher-level taxa for phylogenetic analysis: a simulation study." Systematic Biology Vol 47 398 413
161. Wiens J. J. 1998b "Testing phylogenetic methods for tree congruence: phylogenetic analysis of polymorphic morphological characters in phrynosomatid lizards." Systematic Biology Vol 47 427 444
162. Wiley E. O. 1981 "Phylogenetics." The Theory and Practice of Phylogenetic Systematics. John Wiley and Sons, New York, etc. 439 pp
163. Wilkinson M. 1995 "A comparison of two methods of character construction." Cladistics Vol 11 297 308
164. Wolff T. 1961 "Description of a remarkable deep-sea hermit crab with notes on the evolution of the Paguridae." Galathea Report Vol 4 11 32
165. Yang Z. 2004 "A heuristic rate smoothing procedure for maximum likelihood estimation of species divergence times." Acta Zoologica Sinica Vol 50 645 656
166. Zaklan S. D. 2000 "A case of reversed asymmetry in Lithodes maja (Linnaeus, 1758) (Decapoda, Anomura, Lithodidae)." Crustaceana Vol 73 1019 1022
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1651/s-2675.1
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1651/s-2675.1
2007-01-01
2016-09-29

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation