Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Evolution of Waving Display in Brachyuran Crabs of the Genus Ilyoplax

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Journal of Crustacean Biology

Abstract Male waving displays of the species of Ilyoplax (Brachyura: Ocypodidae) have so far been described in I. delsmani, I. gangetica, and I. orientalis. In this study, male waving displays of I. dentata, I. dentimerosa, I. deschampsi, I. formosensis, I. integra, I. ningpoensis, I. pingi, I. pusilla, I. serrata, I. strigicarpa, I. tansuiensis, and Ilyoplax sp. are described for the first time. Waving display of the above 15 species of Ilyoplax can be classified into three patterns; a circular type, vertical type, and asymmetrical type. Asymmetrical wave forms were observed in only two species, I. orientalis and I. tansuiensis, vertical wave forms were seen in four species, I. delsmani, I. dentimerosa, I. pingi, and I. serrata, while most other species exhibited circular wave forms. To understand the evolutionary divergence of these waving forms observed in species of Ilyoplax, a molecular phylogeny was reconstructed based on 1005-bp nucleotide sequences from mitochondrial 16S and 12S rRNA genes of 16 species and two out-group taxa. Phylogenetic analysis of waving forms suggested that circular waves evolved once in the early history of the lineage. Vertical wave forms were suggested to have subsequently evolved three times independently from circular wave forms, and the asymmetrical wave form has also evolved from circular wave form. The evolution of distinct waving forms is considered to be associated with the presence of geographic sympatric species.

Affiliations: 1: (JK, KW) Department of Biological Science, Faculty of Science, Nara Women's University, Kitauoya-nishimachi, Nara 630-8506, Japan (


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Crane J. 1975 "Fiddler Crabs of the World." Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey
2. Dai A. , Yang S. 1991 "Crabs of the China Seas." Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, Tokyo
3. Davie P. 1988 "New and rare crabs of the subfamily Dotillinae (Crustacea: Ocypodidae) from Northern Australia and Papua New Guinea." Memoirs of the Queensland Museum Vol 28 463 473
4. Felsenstein J. 1985 "Confidence limits on phylogenies: an approach using the bootstrap." Evolution Vol 39 783 791
5. Frith D. W. , Tantanasiriwong R. , Bhatia O. 1976 "Zonation and abundance of macrofauna on a mangrove shore, Phuket Island." Phuket Marine Biological Center (Phuket, Thailand) Research Bulletin Vol 10 1 37
6. Fukui Y. , Wada K. , Wang C. H. 1989 "Ocypodidae, Mictyridae and Grapsidae (Crustacea: Brachyura) from some coasts of Taiwan." Journal of Taiwan Museum Vol 42 225 238
7. Gao S. , Li F. 1985 "Community ecology of ground-dwelling macrofauna of mangrove in the Jiulong Jiang Estuary, Fujian." Taiwan Strait Vol 4 179 191
8. Gilbert D. G. 1996 "SeqPup. Manual Aligner for Macintosh Version 0.6." Indiana University, Bloomington
9. Kamita T. 1941 "Studies on the Decapod Crustaceans of Chosen. Part I. Crabs." The Fisheries Society of Chosen, Keijo
10. Kemp S. 1919 "Notes on Crustacea Decapoda in the Indian Museum. XII - Scopimerinae." Records of the Indian Museum Vol 16 305 348
11. Kim H. S. , Lee K. S. , Kim W. , Kwon D. H. 1981 "A faunal and ecological study on the crustaceans in the intertidal zones near Incheon and southern part of Ganghwa Island." Bulletin of the Korean Association for Conservation of Nature Vol 3 279 309 [In Korean.]
12. Kim W. , Kim H. S. 1982 "Classification and geographical distribution of Korean crabs (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura)." Proceedings of the College of Natural Sciences, Seoul National University Vol 7 133 159
13. Kitaura J. , Wada K. , Nishida M. 1998 "Molecular phylogeny and evolution of unique mud-using territorial behavior in ocypodid crabs (Crustacea: Brachyura: Ocypodidae)." Molecular Biology and Evolution Vol 15 626 637
14. Kitaura J. , Wada K. , Nishida M. 2002 "Molecular phylogeny of grapsoid and ocypodoid crabs with special reference to genera Metaplax and Macrophthalmus." Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 22 682 693
15. Kitaura J. , Wada K. 2004 "Allocleaning, fighting, waving and mating behavior in sentinel crabs (Brachyura: Ocypodoidea: Macrophthalmus)." Crustacean Research Vol 33 72 91
16. Koh C. H. , Shin H. C. 1988 "Environmental characteristics and distribution of macrobenthos in a mudflat of the west coast of Korea (Yellow Sea)." Netherlands Journal of Sea Research Vol 22 279 290
17. Kosuge T. , Poovachiranon S. , Murai M. 1994 "Male courtship cycles in three species of tropical Ilyoplax crabs (Decapoda, Brachyura, Ocypodidae)." Hydrobiologia Vol 285 93 100
18. Kosuge T. , Wada K. , Trong P. D. 1997 "Crab distribution in the Cam River estuary, Haiphong, northern Vietnam. pp. 178-184." In, P. N. Anh, J. T. Brands, and P. N. Hong (eds.), National Workshop on the Relationship Between Mangrove Rehabilitation and Coastal Aquaculture in Vietnam
19. Lundoer S. 1974 "A checklist of the marine Brachyura in the reference collection at PMBC, Thailand species." Phuket Marine Biological Center (Phuket, Thailand) Research Bulletin Vol 4 3 11
20. Maddison W. P. , Maddison D. R. 1992 "MacClade. Version 3." Sinauer, Sunderland, Massachusetts
21. Moriito M. , Wada K. 1997 "When is waving performed in the ocypodid crab Scopimera globosa?." Crustacean Research Vol 26 47 55
22. Nishihira M. 1984 "Ecological notes on the rock dwelling ocypodid crab, Ilyoplax integra (Tesch), newly recorded from Okinawa, Japan." Galaxea Vol 3 97 101
23. Ono Y. 1965 "On the ecological distribution of ocypoid crabs in the estuary." The Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, series E Vol 4 1 60
24. Palumbi S. R. , Martin A. , Romano S. , McMillan W. O. , Stice L. , Grabowski G. 1991 "The Simple Fool's Guide to PCR, ver. 2." University of Hawaii, Honolulu (special publication)
25. Posada D. , Crandall K. A. 1998 "MODELTEST: testing the model of DNA substitution." Bioinformatics Vol 14 817 818
26. Rathbun M. J. 1913 "Descriptions of new species of crabs of the family Grapsidae and Ocypodidae." Proceedings of the United States National Museum Vol 46 353 358
27. Sakai T. 1939 "Studies on the Crabs of Japan. IV." Brachygnatha, Brachyrhyncha. Yokendo, Tokyo
28. Sakai T. 1976 "Crabs of Japan and the Adjacent Seas." Kodansha, Tokyo
29. Salmon M. 1965 "Waving display and sound production in the courtship behavior of Uca pugilator, with comparisons to U. minax and U. pugnax." Zoologica Vol 50 123 150
30. Salmon M. 1984 "The courtship, aggression and mating system of a primitive fiddler crab (Uca vocans: Ocypodidae)." Transactions of the Zoological Society of London Vol 37 1 50
31. Salmon M. , Atsaides S. P. 1968 "Visual and acoustical signaling during courtship by fiddler crabs (genus Uca)." American Zoologist Vol 8 623 639
32. Sasekumar A. 1974 "Distribution of macrofauna on a Malayan mangrove shore." Journal of Animal Ecology Vol 43 51 69
33. Serne R. , Lundoer S. 1974 "Observations on the male pleopod of the species of Ilyoplax Stimpson with a key to the identification of the species." Phuket Marine Biological Center (Phuket, Thailand) Research Bulletin Vol 3 1 10
34. Shen C. J. 1932 "Brachyuran Crustacea of North China." Zoologica Sinica (A) Vol 9 241 253
35. Swofford D. L. 1998 "PAUP: Phylogenetic Analysis Using Parsimony, Version 4.0." Sinauer, Sunderland, Massachusetts
36. Tan C. , Ng P. 1994 "An annotated checklist of mangrove brachyuran crabs from Malaysia and Singapore." Hydrobiologia Vol 285 75 84
37. Thompson J. D. , Higgins D. G. , Gibson T. J. 1994 "CLUSTAL W: improving the sensitivity of progressive multiple sequence alignment through sequence weighting, positions-specific gap penalties and weight matrix choice." Nucleic Acids Research Vol 22 4673 4680
38. Tweedie M. W F. 1935 "Notes on the genus Ilyoplax Stimpson (Brachyura, Ocypodidae)." Bulletin of the Raffles Museum Vol 10 53 61 pls. 2, 3
39. Tweedie M. W F. 1937 "On the crabs of the family Ocypodidae in the collection of the Raffles Museum." Bulletin of the Raffles Museum Vol 13 140 170
40. Tweedie M. W F. 1950 "Grapsoid crabs from Labuan and Sarawak." Sarawak Museum Journal Vol 5 338 369
41. Tweedie M. W F. 1954 "Notes on grapsoid crabs from the Raffles Museum, Mos. 3, 4 and 5." Bulletin of the Raffles Museum Vol 25 118 128
42. Wada K. 1976 "The distribution of three species of ocypodid crabs in the estuary of Waka River, mainly examined in relation to the granularity of substratum." Physiology and Ecology, Japan Vol 17 321 326 [In Japanese.]
43. Wada K. 1981 "Growth, breeding and recruitment in Scopimera globosa and Ilyoplax pusillus (Crustacea: Ocypodidae) in the estuary of Waka River, middle Japan." Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory Vol 26 243 259
44. Wada K. 1984 "Pair formation in the two forms of Macrophthalmus japonicus De Haan (Crustacea: Brachyura) at a co-occurring area." Journal of Ethology Vol 2 7 10
45. Wada K. 1993 "Territorial behavior, and size of home range and territory, in relation to sex ad body size in Ilyoplax pusillus (Crustacea: Brachyura: Ocypodidae)." Marine Biology Vol 115 47 52
46. Wada K. , Tsuchiya M. 1975 "Distribution of ocypodid crabs in relation to tidal level and the substratum in the Gamô Lagoon." Japanese Journal of Ecology Vol 25 235 238 [In Japanese.]
47. Wada K. , Wang C. H. 1998 "Territorial and sexual behaviors in Ilyoplax formosensis and I. tansuiensis (Crustacea, Brachyura, Ocypodidae)." Journal of Taiwan Museum Vol 51 119 125
48. Wada K. , Kosuge T. , Takayama J. 1992 "Distribution of Ilyoplax pusilla and I. deschampsi (Brachyura: Ocypodidae)." Researches on Crustacea Vol 21 139 146 [In Japanese.]
49. Wada K. , Choe B. L. , Park J. K. , Yum S. S. 1996 "Population biology of Ilyoplax pingi and I. dentimerosa (Brachyura: Ocypodidae)." Crustacean Research Vol 25 44 53

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Journal of Crustacean Biology — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation