Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Fatty Acid Composition of Artemia (Branchiopoda: Anostraca) Cysts from Tropical Salterns of Southern México and Cuba

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

Abstract The growing demands and high costs of commercial Artemia cysts and the establishment of new shrimp hatcheries and farms have caused people to search for local sources of Artemia, putting special attention on their nutritional characteristics. As an essential step to determine the biochemical composition of Artemia, the fatty acid profiles of decapsulated cysts from six tropical salterns of southern México [Campeche (1), Oaxaca (1), and Yucatán (4)], two of Cuba (Camagüey and Guantánamo), and from a temperate site (San Francisco Bay, USA) (SFB) were analysed using direct transesterification and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Of 51 fatty acids identified, C16:0 (hexadecanoic), C16:1 n5 (hexadecenoic), C18:1 n9 (octadecenoic), C18:1 n7 (octadecenoic), and C18:2 n6 (octadecadienoic) were the major compounds found. The SFB strain from a temperate area showed significant differences from the rest of the samples of tropical origin, having a greater concentration in the fatty acids 18:2 n5 (10, 13-octadecadienoic), 18:3 n3 (octadecatrienoic), and 18:4 n3 (6, 9, 12, 15-octadecatetraenoic). The SFB strain showed the lowest proportion of mono-unsaturated fatty acids. Based on the fatty acid composition, the Artemia strains studied can be assessed as “freshwater” type, except for the one from Oaxaca that had a “marine” type profile characterized by 3% to 4% of the fatty acid C20:5 n3 (eicosapentaenoic).

Affiliations: 1: a (RTC, LCP, BOAV, GM, AMMM) Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas del Noroeste, S.C., Apartado postal 128, La Paz, Baja California Sur, 23000, México ; 2: b (LT) The University of Texas at Austin, School of Biological Sciences, Section of Integrative Biology. University Station A6700, Austin, Texas 78712 ; 3: c (TMM) Universidad Autónoma de Campeche, Facultad de Ciencias Químico Biológicas, Avenida Universidad y Avenida Agustín Melgar S/N, Campeche, Campeche, 24030, México


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Barnung T. N. , Grahl-Nielsen O. 1987 "The fatty acids profile in cod (Gadus morhua) eggs and larvae: developmental variations and responses to oil pollution." Sarsia Vol 72 412 417
2. Belk D. 1984 "Patterns of anostracan distribution." pp. 68-172. In, S. Jain and P. Moyle (eds.), Vernal Pools and Intermittent Streams. Institute of Ecology No. 28. University of California, Davis
3. Bligh E. G. , Dyer W. J. 1959 "A rapid method of total lipid extraction and purification." Canadian Journal of Biochemistry and Physiology Vol 37 911 917
4. Menu B. 1988 "Consultora en Artemia salina." Informe tcnico de la serie n5-Contrato n dp/cub/86/004-2/f10. France Aquaculture. Habana, Cuba. 85 pp
5. Bruggeman E. , Sorgeloos P. , Vanhaeche P. 1980 "Improvement in the decapsulation technique of Artemia cyst." pp. 261-269. In, G. Persoone, P. Sorgeloos, O. Roels, and E. Jasper (eds.), The Brine Shrimp Artemia. Vol. 3. Ecology, Culturing, Use in Aquaculture. Universa Press, Wetteren, Belgium
6. Carpelan L. H. 1957 "Hydrobiology of the Alviso salt ponds." Ecology Vol 38 375 390
7. Coutteau P. , Mourente G. 1997 "Lipid classes and their content on n3 highly unsaturated fatty acids (HUFA) in Artemia franciscana after hatching, HUFA-enrichment and subsequent starvation." Marine Biology Vol 130 81 91
8. Dhont J. , Sorgeloos P. 2002 "Applications of Artemia." pp. 251-277. In, Th. J. Abatzopoulos, J. A. Beardmore, J. S. Clegg, and P. Sorgeloos (eds.), Artemia: Basic and Applied Biology. Chapter VI. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands
9. Dunstan G. A. , Volkman J. K. , Barret S. M. , Graland C. D. 1993 "Changes in the lipid composition and maximisation of the polyunsaturated fatty acid content of three microalgae grown in mass culture." Journal Applied Phycology Vol 5 71 93
10. Estvez A. , Kanazawa A. 1996 "Fatty acid composition of neural tissues of normally pigmented and unpigmented juveniles of Japanese flounder using rotifer and Artemia enriched in n-3 HUFA." Fisheries Science Vol 62 88 93
11. Folch J. , Lees M. , Stanley G. H S. 1957 "A simple method for the isolation and purification of total lipids from animal tissues." Journal of Biology and Chemistry Vol 226 497 509
12. Haynes R. C. , Hammer U. T. 1978 "The saline lakes of Saskatchewan." Hydrobiologia Vol 63 337 351
13. Intriago P. , Jones D. A. 1993 "Bacteria as food for Artemia." Aquaculture Vol 113 115 127
14. Kates M. 1972 "Techniques of Lipidology, Isolation, Analysis and Identification of Lipids." North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam. 553 pp
15. Kanazawa A. 1994 "Nutricional mechanism envolved in the ocurrence of abnormal pigmentation in hatchery-reared flatfish." Journal of the World Aquaculture Society Vol 24 162 166
16. Fernndez-Reiriz M. J. , Ferreiro M. , Planas M. , Labarta U. , Garrido L. 1991 "Nutritional quality of Artemia during enrichment and starvation. Larviculture Symposium, Larvi'95." European Aquaculture Society Special Publication Vol 24 48 50
17. Lapage G. , Roy C. C. 1984 "Improved recovery of fatty acids through direct transesterification without prior extraction or purification." Journal of Lipids Research Vol 25 1391 1396
18. Lapage G. , Roy C. C. 1986 "Direct transesterification of all classes of lipids in a one-step reaction." Journal of Lipids Research Vol 27 115 120
19. Lavens P. , Sorgeloos P. 1987 "The cryptobiotic state of Artemia cyst, its diapause, deactivation, and hatching: a review." pp. 27-63. In, P. Sorgeloos, D. Bengston, W. Decleir, and E. Jaspers, eds. Artemia Research and its Applications. Vol. 3. Universa Press, Wetteren, Belgium
20. Lavens P. , Leger P. , Sorgeloos P. 1989 "Manipulation of fatty acids profile in Artemia offspring produced in intensive culture systems." pp. 80-86. In, N. de Pauw E. H. Jaspers Ackefors, and N. Wilkins (eds.), Aquaculture a Biotechnology in Progress. European Aquaculture Society, Bredene, Belgium
21. Leger P. , Bengston D. A. , Simpson K. L. , Sorgeloos P. 1986 "The use and nutritional value of Artemia as a food source." Oceanographic Marine Biology Annual Review Vol 24 521 623
22. Lesser I. J M. 1974 "Estudio hidrogeolgico e hidrogeoqumico de la Pennsula de Yucatn." Informe final del Proyecto SARH/CONACYT, Mxico. 74 pp
23. McEvoy L. A. , Navarro J. C. , Hontoria F. , Amat F. , Sargent J. R. 1995 "PUFA enhancement in Artemia nauplii: a multivariate approach to fatty acid analysis." pp. 145-148. In, P. Lavens, E. Jaspers, and I. Roelants (eds.), European Aquaculture Society. Special Publication No. 24, Gent, Belgium
24. McEvoy L. A. , Navarro J. C. , Hontoria F. , Amat F. , Sargent J. R. 1996 "Two novel Artemia enrichment diets containing polar lipids." Aquaculture Vol 144 339 352
25. Miles A. K. , Takekaria J. Y. , Schoelhamer D. H. , Spring S. E. , Atearn N. D. , Shellenbarger G. G. , Tsao D. C. 2004 "San Francisco Bay Estuary Salt Ponds." Progress Report 2001-2003. Priority Ecosystem Science Program, USGS/USFWS (CNO). 67 pp
26. Mura G. , Ferrara F. , Fabietti F. , Delise M. , Bocca A. 1997 "Biochemical (fatty acid profile) diversity in anostracans species of the genus Chirocephalus." Prevost. Hydrobiologia Vol 359 237 241
27. Mura G. , Ferrara F. , Fabietti F. , Delise M. , Bocca A. 1998 "Intraspecific variation of fatty acid profile in wild populations of Chirocephalus diaphanous Prevost (Anostraca)." Crustaceana Vol 71 7 785 800
28. Mura G. , Zarattini P. , Delise M. , Fabietti F. , Bocca A. 1999 "The effects of different diets on the fatty acid profile of the fairy shrimp Chirocephalus ruffoi Cotarreli and Mura, 1984 (Branchiopoda, Anostraca)." Crustaceana Vol 72 567 579
29. Mura G. , Zarattini P. , Delise M. , Fabietti F. , Bocca A. 2000 "Seasonal variation of the fatty acid profile in cyst and wild adults of the fairy shrimp Chirocephalus kerkyrensis Pesta, 1936 (Anostraca)." Crustaceana Vol 73 479 495
30. Mura G. , Fancello G. 2005 "Nutritional evaluation of decapsulated cyst of five species of fairy shrimps (Branchiopoda, Anostraca) from Italy for use in larval fish rearing." Crustaceana Vol 78 6 727 737
31. Narciso L. , Morais S. 2001 "Fatty acid profile of Palaemon serratus (Palaemonidae) eggs and larvae during embryonic and larval development using different live diets." Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 21 566 574
32. Navarro G. , Tizol R. , Daz D. 1997 "Anlisis de indicadores nutricionales en Artemia." Boletn de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras Vol 26 105 108
33. Navarro G. , Amat F. 1992 "Effect of algal diets on the fatty acid composition of brine shrimp Artemia sp. cyst." Aquaculture Vol 101 223 227
34. Quynh V. D. , Lavens P. , Leger P. , Tackaert W. , Sorgeloos P. 1988 "Characterization of brine shrimp Artemia from Cam Ranh Bay in Central Vietnam." Hydrobiologia Vol 157 209 217
35. Sato N. , Murata N. 1988 "Membrane lipids." Methods of enzimology Vol 167 251 259
36. Sorgeloos P. , Lavens P. , Leger Ph , Tackaert W. , Versichele D. 1986 "Manual for the culture and use of the brine shrimp Artemia in Aquaculture." FAO Fisheries Technical Paper 361. 295 pp
37. Sorgeloos P. , Coutteau P. , Dhert P. , Merchie G. , Lavens P. 1998 "Use of brine shrimp Artemia spp. in larval crustacean nutrition: a review." Reviews in Fisheries Science Vol 6 55 68
38. Stringfield V. T. , Legrand H. E. 1974 "Karst hidrology of Northern Yucatan peninsula." pp. 26-44. Water and Carbonate Rocks of the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico. New Orleans Geological Society, USA
39. Suutari M. , Laakso S. 1994 "Microbial fatty acids and thermal adaptation." Critical Reviews in Microbiology Vol 20 285 328
40. Tacon A. 1987 "The nutrition and feeding of farmed fish and shrimp." A training manual. The essential nutrients. FAO-Italy, GCP/RLA/ITA. Field document No. 2. 129 pp
41. Tizol-Correa R. , Maeda-Martnez A. M. , Weekers P. H H. , Torrentera L. , Maldonado-Montiel T. D N J. , Murugan G. Submitted "Phylogenetic relationships of Artemia populations from tropical salterns of southern Mxico and Cuba inferred from the mitochondrial 16S rRNA and cytochrome oxidase I genes." Journal of Biogeography
42. Tocher D. R. , Mourente G. , Sargent J. R. 1997 "The use of silages prepared from fish neural tissues as enrichers for rotifers (B. plicatilis) and Artemia in the nutrition of larval marine fish." Aquaculture Vol 148 2 3
43. Torrentera L. , Tacon A. 1989 "La produccin de alimento vivo y su importancia en acuicultura." Programa cooperativo gubernamental FAO-Italia. GCP/RLA/075/ITA. Field document No. 12. 90 pp
44. Torrentera L. , Dodson S. I. 1995 "Morphological diversity of populations of Artemia (Branchiopoda) in Yucatan." Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 15 86 102
45. Torrentera L. , Abreu-Grobois A. F. 2002 "Cytogenetic variability and differentiation in Artemia (Branchiopoda: Anostraca) populations from the Yucatn Peninsula, Mxico." Hydrobiologia Vol 486 303 314
46. Torrentera L. , Dodson S. I. 2004 "Ecology of the brine shrimp Artemia in the Yucatan, Mexico, salterns." Journal of Plankton Research Vol 26 617 624
47. Triantaphyllidis G. V. , Abatzopoulos T. J. , Sorgeloos P. 1998 "Review of the biogeography of the genus Artemia (Crustacea, Anostraca)." Journal of Biogeography Vol 25 213 226
48. Tsai P. , Hoenicke R. , Hansen E. , Kenneth L. 2001 "San Francisco Bay Atmospheric Deposition." Pilot Study part 2: Trace metals. SFEI Contribution 73. San Francisco Estuary Regional Monitoring Program for Trace Substances. 54 pp
49. Watanabe T. 1978 "Nutritive value of plankton for fish larvae in the view point of lipids." Koseisha-Koseikaku, Tokyio, Japan Fisheries Service Vol 22 93 111
50. Watanabe T. 1993 "Importance of docosahexaenoic acid in marine larval fish." Journal of the World Aquaculture Society Vol 24 152 161
51. Watanabe T. , Oowa F. , Kitajima C. , Fujita S. 1978 "Nutritional quality of the brine shrimp Artemia salina, as a living feed from the viewpoint of essential fatty acids for fish." Bulletin Japan Society of Science Fisheries Vol 44 1115 1121
52. Watanabe T. , Oowa F. , Kitajima C. , Fujita S. 1980 "Relationship between dietary value of brine shrimp, Artemia salina and their content of w-3 highly unsaturated fatty acids." Bulletin Japan Society of Science Fisheries Vol 46 35 41
53. Watanabe T. , Ohta M. , Kitajima C. , Fujita S. 1982 "Improvement of dietary value of brine shrimp Artemia salina for fish larvae by feeding them on omega 3 highly unsaturated fatty acids." Bulletin Japan Society of Science Fisheries Vol 48 1775 1782
54. Watanabe T. , Tamiya T. , Oka A. , Hirata M. , Kitajima C. , Fujita S. 1983 "Improvement of dietary value of live foods for fish larvae by feeding them on omega 3 highly unsaturated fatty acids and fat soluble vitamins." Bulletin Japan Society of Science Fisheries Vol 49 471 479
55. Weidie A. E. 1984 "Regional geology of Yucatan Peninsula." pp. 2-8. Water and Carbonate Rocks of the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico. New Orleans Geological Society, USA. 45 pp

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Journal of Crustacean Biology — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation